WILDLIFEWILDLIFE
A large area of land onA large area of land on
which trees and otherwhich trees and other
plants grow nat...
IMPORTANCE OFIMPORTANCE OF
WILDLIFEWILDLIFE
It provides aIt provides a great biological diversity.great biological diversi...
WILDLIFE INWILDLIFE IN
INDIAINDIA
Indian forests are the adobe of various kind ofIndian forests are the adobe of various k...
DO YOU KNOW?DO YOU KNOW?
The Gir Forest isThe Gir Forest is
thethe
last remaininglast remaining
habitathabitat
of the Asia...
AFRICANAFRICAN
WILDLIFEWILDLIFENo other continent matches the wealth of wildlife foundNo other continent matches the wealt...
ASIANASIAN
WILDLIFEWILDLIFEAsia stretches from the frozen Arctic in the north to theAsia stretches from the frozen Arctic ...
AUSTRALIAN WILDLIFEAUSTRALIAN WILDLIFE
Australia has been isolated by water for more thanAustralia has been isolated by wa...
EUROPEANEUROPEAN
WILDLIFEWILDLIFE
Europe is a landmass that contains many differentEurope is a landmass that contains many...
DESERT WILDLIFEDESERT WILDLIFE
The driest places on Earth areThe driest places on Earth are
known as deserts. Food is scar...
ISLAND WILDLIFEISLAND WILDLIFE
Isolated locations and the lack ofIsolated locations and the lack of
large predators, compe...
LAKE AND RIVER WILDLIFELAKE AND RIVER WILDLIFE
The freshwater habitats on land mayThe freshwater habitats on land may
be t...
MOUNTAIN WILDLIFEMOUNTAIN WILDLIFE
The great mountain chains of theThe great mountain chains of the
world are very beautif...
OCEAN WILDLIFEOCEAN WILDLIFE
The ocean covers two-third of theThe ocean covers two-third of the
Earth’s surface. This vast...
Species getting extinctSpecies getting extinct
EAGLEEAGLE
Species getting extinctSpecies getting extinct
Bottle-nosedolphinsBottle-nosedolphins
Species getting extinctSpecies getting extinct
Polar bearPolar bear
Species getting extinctSpecies getting extinct
Two horned rhinocerosTwo horned rhinoceros
Environmental ORGANISATIONEnvironmental ORGANISATION
GREENPEACEGREENPEACE
Friends of the EarthFriends of the Earth
26-28 U...
THANKS FOR
YOUR
KIND
CONSIDERATION
Made by:-
Ajay
Kumar
Wild life
Wild life
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Wild life

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a great presentation on environment {wild life}
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Wild life

  1. 1. WILDLIFEWILDLIFE A large area of land onA large area of land on which trees and otherwhich trees and other plants grow naturally isplants grow naturally is called acalled a forestforest, and the, and the wild animals (like lion,wild animals (like lion, tiger, elephant, deer,tiger, elephant, deer, snakes, etc.) and birdssnakes, etc.) and birds which live in forest, arewhich live in forest, are calledcalled wildlifewildlife..
  2. 2. IMPORTANCE OFIMPORTANCE OF WILDLIFEWILDLIFE It provides aIt provides a great biological diversity.great biological diversity. ManyMany valuable productsvaluable products such as silksuch as silk feathers, musk, honey, etc. are obtainedfeathers, musk, honey, etc. are obtained from wildlifefrom wildlife Wildlife maintain anWildlife maintain an eco logical balanceeco logical balance inin nature.nature.
  3. 3. WILDLIFE INWILDLIFE IN INDIAINDIA Indian forests are the adobe of various kind ofIndian forests are the adobe of various kind of animals and birds. The most important among theanimals and birds. The most important among the animals areanimals are tigers, elephant, leopard,tigers, elephant, leopard, rhinocerosrhinoceros andand the lionsthe lions. Like its flora, India is also rich in. Like its flora, India is also rich in fauna. It has more than 89,000 of animal species.fauna. It has more than 89,000 of animal species. The country has more than 1200 species of birds.The country has more than 1200 species of birds. They constitute of 13% of the world’s total. ThereThey constitute of 13% of the world’s total. There are 2500 species of fish, which account for nearlyare 2500 species of fish, which account for nearly 12% of the world’s stock. It also shares between 512% of the world’s stock. It also shares between 5 and 8 per cent of the world’s amphibians, reptilesand 8 per cent of the world’s amphibians, reptiles and mammals.and mammals.
  4. 4. DO YOU KNOW?DO YOU KNOW? The Gir Forest isThe Gir Forest is thethe last remaininglast remaining habitathabitat of the Asiatic lion.of the Asiatic lion.
  5. 5. AFRICANAFRICAN WILDLIFEWILDLIFENo other continent matches the wealth of wildlife foundNo other continent matches the wealth of wildlife found in Africa. Covering the full climate spectrum fromin Africa. Covering the full climate spectrum from intense heat to bitter cold, its varied vegetation hasintense heat to bitter cold, its varied vegetation has given rise to a wide range of animals, includinggiven rise to a wide range of animals, including mammals birds, reptiles, fish, and insects. Among themmammals birds, reptiles, fish, and insects. Among them are more than 40 species of primate, ranging from tinyare more than 40 species of primate, ranging from tiny galagos to huge gorillas, a great variety of antelopes,galagos to huge gorillas, a great variety of antelopes, gazelles, and other hoofed animals, and 70 species ofgazelles, and other hoofed animals, and 70 species of carnivore. Bird life, too, is extraordinary rich; more thancarnivore. Bird life, too, is extraordinary rich; more than 1,500 species live south of the Sahara. In addition,1,500 species live south of the Sahara. In addition, Africa is inhabited by the world’s fastest land animal,Africa is inhabited by the world’s fastest land animal, the cheetah; the biggest bird, the ostrich; and thethe cheetah; the biggest bird, the ostrich; and the largest land animal, the elephant.largest land animal, the elephant.
  6. 6. ASIANASIAN WILDLIFEWILDLIFEAsia stretches from the frozen Arctic in the north to theAsia stretches from the frozen Arctic in the north to the warm tropics in the south. Although much of Asia iswarm tropics in the south. Although much of Asia is undulating plain, it also boasts the awesome mountainundulating plain, it also boasts the awesome mountain range of the Himalayas. Much of the interior receives littlerange of the Himalayas. Much of the interior receives little rain, but parts of India hold the world record for annualrain, but parts of India hold the world record for annual rainfall. This continent of contrasts provides many habitats,rainfall. This continent of contrasts provides many habitats, each with its own characteristics plants and animals. Manyeach with its own characteristics plants and animals. Many of the world’s best known endangered species, such asof the world’s best known endangered species, such as giant pandas and tigers, live in Asia. But many lessgiant pandas and tigers, live in Asia. But many less publicized, smaller animals and plants are also threatenedpublicized, smaller animals and plants are also threatened by the steady spread of human populations.by the steady spread of human populations.
  7. 7. AUSTRALIAN WILDLIFEAUSTRALIAN WILDLIFE Australia has been isolated by water for more thanAustralia has been isolated by water for more than 30 million years, resulting in the evolution of many30 million years, resulting in the evolution of many unique animals and plants. Half of all marsupials,unique animals and plants. Half of all marsupials, such as the koala and kangaroo, live only insuch as the koala and kangaroo, live only in Australia, along with the platypus and echidna, theAustralia, along with the platypus and echidna, the world’s only egg-laying mammals, or monotremes.world’s only egg-laying mammals, or monotremes. Much of Australia is desert or scrub. The animalsMuch of Australia is desert or scrub. The animals and plants that live here are adapted to the hot, dryand plants that live here are adapted to the hot, dry conditions. There are also areas of tropical andconditions. There are also areas of tropical and temperate forests, which contain the greatesttemperate forests, which contain the greatest diversity of life in Australia.diversity of life in Australia.
  8. 8. EUROPEANEUROPEAN WILDLIFEWILDLIFE Europe is a landmass that contains many differentEurope is a landmass that contains many different habitats, ranging from the Arctic tundra, throughhabitats, ranging from the Arctic tundra, through broad leaved forests, and mountainous areas, tobroad leaved forests, and mountainous areas, to dry, hot regions around the Mediterranean. Onlydry, hot regions around the Mediterranean. Only deserts and tropical forests are missing from thedeserts and tropical forests are missing from the list. European wildlife is not as rich as it once was;list. European wildlife is not as rich as it once was; human intervention in the form of agriculture andhuman intervention in the form of agriculture and forest clearance, as well as the sheer size of theforest clearance, as well as the sheer size of the human population, has diminished the number ofhuman population, has diminished the number of plants and animals. Yet in undisturbed forests andplants and animals. Yet in undisturbed forests and wetlands, a large diversity of wildlife remains.wetlands, a large diversity of wildlife remains.
  9. 9. DESERT WILDLIFEDESERT WILDLIFE The driest places on Earth areThe driest places on Earth are known as deserts. Food is scarce,known as deserts. Food is scarce, and there is little shelter from theand there is little shelter from the sun and wind. Deserts are amongsun and wind. Deserts are among the most inhospitable of all placesthe most inhospitable of all places in which to live. In spite of this,in which to live. In spite of this, many remarkable animals survivemany remarkable animals survive and even thrive in these hostileand even thrive in these hostile surroundings. Birds, mammals,surroundings. Birds, mammals, insects, arachnids, amphibians, andinsects, arachnids, amphibians, and reptiles are all represented,reptiles are all represented, together with some equallytogether with some equally remarkable plants.remarkable plants. Camel (SHIP OF THE DESRT)
  10. 10. ISLAND WILDLIFEISLAND WILDLIFE Isolated locations and the lack ofIsolated locations and the lack of large predators, competitors, andlarge predators, competitors, and disease has allowed the evolutiondisease has allowed the evolution of a unique range of wildlife onof a unique range of wildlife on many islands. Island habitats varymany islands. Island habitats vary greatly, from the ice and rock ofgreatly, from the ice and rock of Greenland to the tropicalGreenland to the tropical rainforests of Borneo. Island florasrainforests of Borneo. Island floras faunas are fragile ecosystems,faunas are fragile ecosystems, easily upset by foreign invaderseasily upset by foreign invaders and freak weather conditions.and freak weather conditions. Some islands posses uniqueSome islands posses unique species found nowhere elsespecies found nowhere else (endemics); other remote islands(endemics); other remote islands are inhabited by species fromare inhabited by species from otherwise extinct groups (relicts).otherwise extinct groups (relicts). Dense vegetation cover provides homes for many animals.
  11. 11. LAKE AND RIVER WILDLIFELAKE AND RIVER WILDLIFE The freshwater habitats on land mayThe freshwater habitats on land may be tiny in volume compared with thebe tiny in volume compared with the oceans, but the many lakes, ponds,oceans, but the many lakes, ponds, and rivers are home to a hugeand rivers are home to a huge variety of wildlife. Plants take root invariety of wildlife. Plants take root in the soft soil and provide food andthe soft soil and provide food and shelter for many different animals.shelter for many different animals. These include air-breathing thatThese include air-breathing that enter the water froe theenter the water froe the surroundings as well as truly aquaticsurroundings as well as truly aquatic creatures, which spend all their timecreatures, which spend all their time in water. Together, they show allin water. Together, they show all manner of adaptations tomanner of adaptations to underwater life, including ways ofunderwater life, including ways of making shelters and of copying withmaking shelters and of copying with fast currents or murky conditions.fast currents or murky conditions. Lake contains cold, clear water from mountains streams
  12. 12. MOUNTAIN WILDLIFEMOUNTAIN WILDLIFE The great mountain chains of theThe great mountain chains of the world are very beautiful but they offerworld are very beautiful but they offer testing conditions for wildlife. Thetesting conditions for wildlife. The animals that live there, such as theanimals that live there, such as the alpine ibex, are either exceptionallyalpine ibex, are either exceptionally hardy to cope with steep and rockyhardy to cope with steep and rocky terrain or, like the Andean condor,terrain or, like the Andean condor, specially adapted to high winds andspecially adapted to high winds and cold nights in thin air. In temperatecold nights in thin air. In temperate and cold climates, winter is very harshand cold climates, winter is very harsh in the mountains, bringing gale forcein the mountains, bringing gale force winds and deep snow that drive manywinds and deep snow that drive many animals down towards shelter. Byanimals down towards shelter. By contrast, in summer , the strongcontrast, in summer , the strong sunshine of high altitudes gives a realsunshine of high altitudes gives a real boost to life, bringing the buzz ofboost to life, bringing the buzz of insects and the songs of nesting birdsinsects and the songs of nesting birds to mountain slopes.to mountain slopes. Snow on higher slopes Tree line – above this level it is too cold and harsh for trees to grow Dense trees cover and other vegetation on lower slopes
  13. 13. OCEAN WILDLIFEOCEAN WILDLIFE The ocean covers two-third of theThe ocean covers two-third of the Earth’s surface. This vast body ofEarth’s surface. This vast body of water is home to a great variety ofwater is home to a great variety of plants and animals. On the oceanplants and animals. On the ocean floor, there are underwater mountainsfloor, there are underwater mountains ranges, plains covered with clays andranges, plains covered with clays and mud-like oozes, deep trenches, andmud-like oozes, deep trenches, and submerged mountains called seasubmerged mountains called sea mounts. Animals live in all thesemounts. Animals live in all these regions and in all depths of theregions and in all depths of the ocean. Generally, food is scarce inocean. Generally, food is scarce in the deep because there is no light forthe deep because there is no light for photosynthesis , which enables plantphotosynthesis , which enables plant growth. Plants are restricted to thegrowth. Plants are restricted to the sunlit waters near the surface, wheresunlit waters near the surface, where they either drift in the sea or float,they either drift in the sea or float, anchored to the seabed. Oceananchored to the seabed. Ocean wildlife is at its richest in the warm,wildlife is at its richest in the warm, shallow waters of coral reefs.shallow waters of coral reefs.
  14. 14. Species getting extinctSpecies getting extinct EAGLEEAGLE
  15. 15. Species getting extinctSpecies getting extinct Bottle-nosedolphinsBottle-nosedolphins
  16. 16. Species getting extinctSpecies getting extinct Polar bearPolar bear
  17. 17. Species getting extinctSpecies getting extinct Two horned rhinocerosTwo horned rhinoceros
  18. 18. Environmental ORGANISATIONEnvironmental ORGANISATION GREENPEACEGREENPEACE Friends of the EarthFriends of the Earth 26-28 Underwood Street26-28 Underwood Street London N1 7JQLondon N1 7JQ www.foei.orgwww.foei.org GreenpeaceGreenpeace Canonbury VillasCanonbury Villas London N1 2PNLondon N1 2PN www.greenpeace.orgwww.greenpeace.org Some logos of environmental organization are:-Some logos of environmental organization are:-
  19. 19. THANKS FOR YOUR KIND CONSIDERATION Made by:- Ajay Kumar
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