Main project presentation - Learning outcome One - Task Two
Task TwoCharlie MacArthur
A studio news reader is somebody paid by a broadcasting company to sit in an expensive studio and present the news to viewers nationally. Have a news reader give a more human feel to the news it takes away the feeling of just being told loads of horrible things about the world because it introduces human emotion to the situation and also the often the opinions of the news readers.
A field report is somebody paid by the broadcasting companies to go out into a place where they believe there is a good news story and they will research into the situation and speak to locals to obtain interviews for broadcasting. Field reporters have to work harder than studio newsreaders and they will often have to travel to dangerous places e.g. riots and protests.
This is when a field reporter is either introduced to the viewer by the studio or when a field report say back to you in the studio. Its also important that news broadcasters link with each others studio so that they can discuss the information they have both gathered and come to a conclusion on which information they believe to be correct and the most appropriate for putting on national television.
This is the way that a news broadcaster chooses to present themselves and the way they present their news. They often create a routine so viewers get used to watching their program as they know what to expect, despite the fact its news. 1.For example a news broadcaster will often have the same sort of bong sound at the start of their program. 2.Have a short break down of the news stories to come through the program. 3.Tell you the important news. 4.Then the local news. 5.And finally they will move on to the weather.
Its important that news broadcasters get interviews with experts and witnesses because then they can get information from somebody with an extensive amount of knowledge in a certain field or from somebody that was there when an event happened. When a broadcaster interviews a normal person on the street that happens to have seen something then the viewer can relate to them being in that situation because their just somebody caught up in the wrong place at the wrong time. An example of this is when the student riots made it to front page news and the news broadcasters were speaking to witnesses that had seen what damage had been done first hand. Often when the BBC are speaking about political matters they will get an expert in politics involved so that they can get a professional opinion on the situation.
The news broadcasters try and keep their viewers attention for as long as possible so they report the most important news first and work they way down the stories in order of importance this is called the pyramid structure. The flaw in this strategy is that people will be a lot more likely to turn off their televisions if they think they have already watched all the important news. Although turning on the news and the first story you see being something boring and irrelevant then your not very likely to continue watching. Here is an example of news report and the structure they use – www.youtube.com/watch?v=SPh7ECq9sc0
Actuality footage is footage relevant to the story that the reporter is telling. For example if something happens to change interest rates in banks the actuality footage for a story like this might be a busy bank in London. Often the actuality footage will be recorded live for example if a story suddenly comes through they might send out a field reporter to quickly get set up for filming directly to national television.
Expository documentaries often have some sort of narrator throughout “voice of god”. The narrator will take whats on the screen and explain in more in depth and add in bits of information you simply wouldn’t have known from just watching the documentary. A perfect example of an expository documentary is “The selling of a serial Killer” throughout the documentary the producer is talking over the footage explaining things to the audience to keep us intrested.
An observational documentary is when the film makers don’t intervene in any way they literally just sit with a camera and record what happens. Its often said that people in observational documentaries act differently because their in front of a camera so they try and make things look more interesting than they usually are . An example of an observational documentary is http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=86748 36170723974938 This example if relevant to our documentary because its an observational documentary about graffiti writers.
An interactive documentary is when the film makers intervene with the action , for example if a film maker was making a documentary about life in an African village it would become an interactive documentary if they got involved and appeared on camera , speaking to the people in the village and more or less acting in their own documentary. Supersize me is a perfect example of an interactive documentary as the film maker and producer is the star of the documentary as well as the narrator. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LOvrkkj_T-I
Reflexive documentaries are often representations of what actually happens and often contain re-enactments or actors showing how they believe something happens or happened. The problem with reflexive documentaries is that the producer will often use this opportunity to make the film more action packed and intresting for example in kidulthood the action is non stop for the whole thing and life just isn’t that hectic. A good example of a reflexive documentary is kidulthood because although their all actors its based on real life in London.
A peformative documentary is a lot like an interactive documentary in that the film makers are involved in the documentary and appear on screen and are involved in narration. But its different in that the narrator will comment throughout on the documentary production for example in Aileens documentary where he says the documentary might not work out because their going to kill her and she doesn’t want to be involved in any more interviews.