Positive and Negative Impacts of ComputerDocument Transcript
POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE IMPACTS OF COMPUTERINTRODUCTION: Computers have impacted the way we live on a large scale. You will find computers inhospitals, libraries, schools and banks, each running tasks that would be difficult for people todo on their own. Computers serve as a quick and convenient way to get things done. Forexample, you easily can do everything from typing documents, designing slide shows andpresentations, to creating your own music or art. You also can access useful information andmedia on the Internet. For these reasons people rely heavily on computers, especially at placeslike offices, schools, hospitals and at home. The computer has been widely considered as one ofthe greatest inventions of the 21st century, but it also is blamed for many day-to-day problemsand even tragic events. As computer technology advances, the effects will continue to changethe world for better or worse. Unfortunately, using computers can also bring many negativeeffects for your overall health.POSITIVE IMPACTS: 1. Positive Effects on Learning People have access to a wealth of information on computers, without having to drive tothe library for research. Wireless technology allows people to obtain information withinminutes. The Internet contains online dictionaries, encyclopedias and a wide variety of gamesand software for learning math, reading, science and history. Many online videos teach skills,such as learning a language. 2. Positive Effects on Social Behavior Computers offer many opportunities to meet new people. There are many socialnetworking sites that let people connect with others. People can communicate in a variety ofways, date people and reconnect with old friends and classmates. The Internet can help peoplefind others with common interests, form bonds with strangers and expand their social network. 3. Positive Effects of Computers on our Personal Life • Genealogy • Reconnecting with friends • Easier/Faster communication • Catalog pictures • Games • Access to information
4. Positive Effects of Computers on our Professional Life • Training online • Job Work faster • More affiant • Easier access to information • Meetings at a company are reduced • Manage payroll, accounts receivable, taxes • Control inventory 5. Positive Effects of Computers on our Academic Life • Distance learner • Can study day or night • More resources to information • Video conferences • Access to your courses 6. Overall Positive Impacts Reducing cost / number of staff needed. Reducing amount of hardware (printers) due to LAN networking. Fun - games, Internet, music, graphics. Communication. More ways to interact globally. Education - access to info for research.NEGATIVE IMPACTS: 1. Negative Effects on Physical Health The more time a person spends on a computer, the less likely the person is toparticipate in physical activities, which can result in weight gain. A person also is likely toexperience eye and back strain and possibly repetitive injuries from computer use. Beyondthese issues, computers can create turmoil for users by reacting slowly or suffering from virusesand other problems, requiring repair. The more dependent users are on their computers, themore likely these setbacks will affect their stress level and overall health. 2. Children and Exposure to Adult Material Many people, especially children and teenagers, are vulnerable to finding highly explicitadult material. Pornography is easily accessible to children, and this can affect their attitudetoward sex as they mature. They may have trouble dealing with intimacy and develop a surrealperception of sexual encounters. Children who use the Internet also are at risk of learningabout different type of drugs and how they alter sensations or how crimes are committed.
3. Vision Problems Computer use can result in vision problems called Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS).Glare on the computer screen, the reduced level of contrast of text to the background, andletters not being as sharp, or clear as on print create problems. This can put more stress onyour eyes. Symptoms of CVS include eye strain, blurred vision, headaches and dry eyes. Thesesymptoms are only temporary and begin to lessen when youre not using the computer. 4. Physical Health Issues People who have used the computers for an extensive period of time may complainabout headaches, and pains in their wrists, arms and necks. These pains are often the result ofa fixed posture when using the computer keyboard for a long amount of time. This can alsocause muscle pain due to fatigue. Use good posture and take breaks when typing on thecomputer. 5. Exposure to Radiation Many computers have CRT, or Cathode Ray Tube, monitors that give off X-ray radiationthat can affect your health. Being exposed to computer radiation can cause cancer, tumors,miscarriage and birth defects, headaches and insomnia. The FDA requires that a computer andTV monitors meet a radiation limit. However, they still give off a small amount of radiation. Youcan avoid exposing yourself to this radiation by limiting your time using the computer or byincreasing your distance from the computer. 6. Addiction Computers also give you access to a wide variety of information and entertainment.People who use computers for this reason, which develop a computer addiction. This maycause a person to become addicted to online activities like reading articles and researching forfun, playing online games, visiting chat rooms, gambling or even pornography or cybersex. Thiscan cause the person to lie about their online habits and activities, neglect family and socialevents and academic failure. Strong addiction may require sufferers to seek professionaltherapy. 7. Negative Effects of Computers on our Personal Life • Spend more time on the computer than with your family • Addiction-less interaction with people • Faster communication may not be better communication • Identity theft 8. Negative Effects Computers have in our Professional Life • Working from home limits your interaction with colleagues • Negative affects computers have in your academic life • Less interaction with classmates
9. Overall Negative Impacts • A high percentage of people sit at their computer far too long and some people lose reality as far as social activities and learning social skills. Not to mention packing on the weight and the lack of exercise that will haunt them further on down the road. • Sitting behind a computer all day is hard on the eyes. • Being on the computer too much takes away the imagination for most (although for a very few they can be creative in advertising and digital imagery, etc. on websites.) • Computers can distract a person so much they lose contact with the reality around them such as taking time with family, husbands, boyfriends, girlfriends, wives and children. • It opens up kiddy porn and other immoral things. • More crime is committed through the Internet. • More misinformation by SOME people on the Internet can cause problems for the younger generation. • More person problems by two people on the Internet (never having met) may cause heartbreak or mistrust. Its impossible to know someone well over the Internet. • Spammers are annoying. • Hackers can ruin your computer system. • Hardcore porn industry (including child porn) • Hackers, ID fraud and spoof websites, • Virusses, spam and Trojans. • Cyber-bullying and cyber-stalking. • People unable to interact in person. • Online gambling.CONCLUSION: Many people do work on the computer but smart people do so much, then get up, getmoving and get into shape. They spend time with family and friends and limit their time on thecomputer. There is a new generation coming up where information is at ones finger tips tooeasily and then it becomes a personal thing in some peoples lives. Before one knows it all willbe like zombies wandering around (out of shape) and wondering why no one is relating tothem. While technology is a wonderful thing it is almost likely that it can be used in an immoralor wrong way. There is a price to pay for everything even if it appears its making life easier onpeople.