A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land which is
normally dry. The European Union (EU) Floods
Directive defines a flood as a covering by water of land not
normally covered by water.
Floods usually cause large-scale loss of human life and wide
spread damage to properties. This damage is known as flood
Causes of floods
Firstly, it occurs due to heavy rain and storms during the
monsoon season that leaves a lot of rainwater behind on land
This may in turn cause flash floods, where floods move at
great speeds, causing destruction and casualties
A flood occurs when water overflows or inundates land that's
normally dry. This can happen in a multitude of ways. Most
common is when rivers or streams overflow their banks.
Excessive rain, a ruptured dam or levee, rapid ice melting in
the mountains, or even an unfortunately placed beaver dam
can overwhelm a river and send it spreading over the
adjacent land, called a floodplain.
Floods in 2005
The 2005 Maharashtra floods refers to the flooding of many parts
of the Indian state of Maharashtra including large areas of the
a city located on the coast of the Arabian Sea, on the western coast
In that at least 5,000 people died.
The term 26 July, now is, in context always used for the day when
the city of Mumbai came to a standstill.
Floods in 2006
There are 457 villages in 13 districts of north Bihar are currently flood-affected area
in Bihar. The crop area of 75,000 hectares in these agricultural-based regions has
been completely damaged.
Muzzafarpur, Supaul, Darbhanga, Madhubani,Sitamarhi, Kishanganj, East
Champaran, West Chamaparan, Katihar, Bhagalpur,Samastipur , Madheura and
Saharsa are the worst affected districts.
Because of flood some 1129 houses got completely damaged more than 3500
houses are damaged to some extent. Six people died in Bhagalpur, seven died in
Muzzafarpur and one in Sitamarhi.
Floods in 2007
In 2007 south Asian floods occurred between 3rd July to 15th august in 2007
Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Himachial Pradesh ,kerla
Maharashtra ,Meghalaya ,Orissa ,pujab,west Bengal
these are effected areas in 2007 south asian floods
By 7 August in India, an estimated 13.7 million people had fled their
homes. According to the Indian government, the total cost of
the monsoon this year, of which these floods are a part, is in excess
of 130 crore (US$22 million) since 1 June The full extent of the damage and
number of lives lost may never be known
Floods in 2008
The 2008 Indian floods were a series of floods in various states
of India during the 2008 monsoon season. The floods mostly
affected the western regions of Maharashtra state and Andhra
Pradesh as well as northern Bihar In India, the monsoon season
generally lasts from June to September.
According to Ministry of Home Affairs (India)'s disaster management
unit, the countrywide death toll from floods in various states was
2,404 between June to September.