London

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London

  1. 1. LONDON,THE CAPITAL of GREAT BRITAN London is one of the oldest and greatest cities of the world.
  2. 2. <ul><li>To this place ,in the year 55 B.C., Caesar came from Rome. The Romans made Londinium a large and rich city. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1066 came William the Duke of Normandy (William the Conqueror) and settled in Londinium which now became London. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Now London is a big political, industrial cultural centre. More eight million people live there. The city is situated on both banks of the river Thames which connects London with the sea and makes it a large seaport.. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The City </li></ul><ul><li>The West End </li></ul><ul><li>The East End </li></ul><ul><li>Westminster. </li></ul>The important parts of London are
  5. 5. <ul><li>The City is the heart of business and commercial life of London. </li></ul><ul><li>The Mansion House, the official residence of the Lord Mayor, St. Paul’s Cathedral are in this district. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Everything in the West End belongs to aristocracy and bourgeoisie. </li></ul><ul><li>Trafalgar Square with the Nelson Column, the national Gallery and the National Gallery are situated here. </li></ul>
  7. 7. MAIN SIDES of LONDON
  8. 8. WESTMINSTER PALACE
  9. 9. THE HOUSES of PARLIAMENT <ul><li>The Houses of Parliament, the seat of the British Government, is very large Gothic building. </li></ul><ul><li>It is divided into two chambers-the Houses of Commons and the House of Lords. </li></ul><ul><li>The present building of Westminster Palace was founded in 1840. </li></ul>
  10. 10. BIG BEN
  11. 11. <ul><li>Big Ben, the huge clock on the Clock Tower of the Houses of the Parliament, was made by Mr. Dent. It first came into service in 1859. It is 313 ft high and 41 ft square. </li></ul><ul><li>Big Ben strikes only one on hour and the other four Bens tell the quarters and the half hours . </li></ul>
  12. 12. WESTMINSTER ABBEY
  13. 13. <ul><li>Westminster Abbey, a fine Gothic building, was founded in 1049. </li></ul><ul><li>Westminster Abbey is the crowning place of British monarchs. Kings and Queens of England have been crowned here since 1050. </li></ul><ul><li>It has poet’s corner. </li></ul>
  14. 14. ST. PAUL’S CATHEDRAL
  15. 15. <ul><li>The cathedral was built </li></ul><ul><li>by Sir Christopher Wren between 1675 and 1710. </li></ul><ul><li>If you climb 263 steps to the Westminster Gallery you run round the dome. </li></ul><ul><li>Among the great cathedral of the world St. Paul’s is unique in that it was conceived by one man and built under his supervision during his lifetime. </li></ul>
  16. 16. THE TOWER
  17. 17. <ul><li>The Tower, one of the most ancient buildings of London, was founded by William the Conqueror. </li></ul><ul><li>The Tower has served as fortress, palace, state prison and royal treasury, now it is a museum. </li></ul><ul><li>The Tower is guarded by the Yeoman Warders, popularly called ‘Beefeaters’. </li></ul><ul><li>Just outside the Tower, on Tower Hill, is a traditional open-air meeting place at which political meetings are held. </li></ul>
  18. 18. BUCKINGHAM PALACE
  19. 19. Buckingham Palace is the London home of the Queen
  20. 20. THE BRITISH MUSEUM
  21. 21. <ul><li>The British Museum was founded in 1753.It is famous for its various collections. </li></ul><ul><li>In the first place the British Museum is a great library containing five or six books. </li></ul><ul><li>Secondly it is a great scientific institution, known as Natural history Museum . </li></ul>
  22. 22. LONDON IS FULL of PARKS AND GREEN SPACES
  23. 23. <ul><li>In South Kensington there are several large museums, The Victoria and Albert Museums with a magnificent collection of applied arts also includes a wide-ranging display of ceramics, masterpieces and a selection of Constable’s masterpieces . </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Hyde park, originally a royal hunting forest, is the largest park in London . </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Beyond Hyde Park lies another royal park, Kensington Gardens . </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>In the north of London is Regent’s Park with Zoo and open-air theatre . </li></ul>
  27. 27. THE LONDON EYE <ul><li>The highest place where from you can have a look of whole London </li></ul>
  28. 28. STREETS AND SQUARES OF LONDON
  29. 29. <ul><li>Soho is Known as district of cinema-producers, because all the biggest film-companies have offices there. </li></ul><ul><li>Soho is the favorite place of writers, composers, painters, cinema-stars and thousands of people of the world. </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>Whitehall is a street of government offices, leading to Westminster Palace. </li></ul><ul><li>Whitehall was once a palace where English queens and kings lived. </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Downing Street is a quiet little street where the prime ministers of England live in house No 10. </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>Fleet Street is now the centre of journalists and newspaper men </li></ul><ul><li>Offices of most English daily and evening papers are situated here. </li></ul><ul><li>Publishing houses of many big foreign newspapers are also there. </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>Piccadilly Circus is a West End shopping centers. </li></ul><ul><li>At night Piccadilly Circus looks quite fantastic with its colored lights and illuminated neon signs. </li></ul><ul><li>In the centre of the square is a column and a statue of Eros, the god of love. </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>Leicester Square is considered to be the place of entertainment and night clubs. </li></ul>
  35. 35. TRAFALGAR SQUARE
  36. 36. <ul><li>Trafalgar Square is very popular with Londoners. </li></ul><ul><li>Trafalgar Square is one of the principal landmarks in the West End. </li></ul><ul><li>In the centre of the square is the monument known as Nelson’s column. </li></ul>
  37. 37. LONDON TRAFFIC
  38. 38. <ul><li>In London one can see many buses, cars and taxis in the street. </li></ul><ul><li>Thee are no trams in London since 1952. </li></ul><ul><li>The main transport is the underground (tube). </li></ul><ul><li>Fares in London are high. The people prefer double-deckers or the tube because the fares are lower there. </li></ul>
  39. 39. LONDON IS AN ANCIENT CITY BUT……….
  40. 40. <ul><li>It is also a living city and like all living cities it is constantly developing. </li></ul>

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