The spanish empire


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The spanish empire

  1. 1. The Spanish Empire<br />By: Tommy Marinelli<br />Professor Arguello<br />History 140<br />
  2. 2. Habsburg spain<br />The house of Habsburg was one of the supreme aristocratic royal families in Europe.<br />Many countries had their rulers, kings, or emperors from the House of Habsburg.<br />The Holy Roman Emperors that were elected in 1438-1740 originated within this family.<br />Some of these countries were Austria, Spain, Hungary, Bohemia, and Burgundy.<br />
  3. 3. Habsburg Spain<br />In the 16th century there was a division, and the House of Habsburg split into two parts.<br />Dominant: Habsburg Spain<br />Secondary: Habsburg Monarch<br />The House of Habsburg wanted control of Europe.<br />In order to protect their lineage, there was constant inbreeding.<br />As a result of inbreeding, the Habsburg Jaw began forming in younger generations.<br />Eventually, they were extinct because of the lack of heirs and descendants were not capable of taking over due to inbreeding. <br />Habsburg Jaw<br />
  4. 4. Habsburg Spain<br />The Spanish Inquisition was launched during the reign of the Catholic Monarchs. <br />The Spanish Empire was able to explore, conquest, settle, and rule politically over much of the Western hemisphere through the Spanish Colonization of America.<br />This colonization was initiated by Spanish conquistadors.<br />It was developed by the Monarchy of Spain through missionaries and administration.<br />
  5. 5. Habsburg Spain<br />With the extinction of the Habsburg dynasty and the death of Charles II, Spain became a unified state.<br />The ascension of Philip the V and the inauguration of the Bourbon dynasty.<br />The Spanish Habsburg created the first de facto united state in the Iberian Peninsula.<br />In 1504, Queen Isabella died and the Castilian Cortes Generales appointed Isabella’s daughter, Joanna, the new queen.<br />Joanna’s husband, Philip, was the Habsburg son of Holy Roman Emperor, Maximilian I and Mary of Burgundy. He became King Philip I of Castile.<br />
  6. 6. The Spanish Empire<br />The Spanish Empire originated during the Age of Exploration and was one of the first global empires.<br />During the Habsburgs, Spain reached the peak of its world domination.<br />It lasted from the 15th century through the 20th century.<br />In 1527, Cabeza de Vaca departed Spain on his royal expedition to land in North America.<br />In 1542, the Viceroyalty of Peru was a Spanish colonial administrative district that had contained most of the Spanish-ruled South America.<br />
  7. 7. The Spanish Empire<br />The Viceroyalty of Peru was one of the two Spanish Viceroyalties in the Americas.<br />The Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire was one of the most prominent in the Spanish colonization of the Americas.<br />In the 1532 Battle of Cajamarca, 169 Spanish soldiers, lead by Francisco Pizarro and their native allies, ambushed the Sapa Inca Atahualpa and captured him.<br />This began the lengthy fight which would eventually subdue the mightiest empire in the Americas.<br />Spain continued to extend it’s rule over the Empire.<br />This historic process of military conquest was made by the Spanish conquistadores.<br />