The Portuguese Empire<br />By: Tommy Marinelli<br />Professor Arguello<br />History 140<br />
History of Portugal<br />The Treaty of Windsor, 1386, created the alliance between Portugal and England that still remains.<br />Portugal’s main economic activities has largely included fishing for centuries<br />In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal was a leading European power. This is known as the “Age of Discovery”<br />
History of Portugal<br />Portugal had an extensive colonial trading empire that was world renowned. <br />However, many wars and natural disasters weakened Portugal’s economy.<br />In 1578, the Battle of AlcacerQuibir in Morocco.<br />In 1588, Spain tried to conquer England.<br />There was a massive earthquake in 1755 that greatly damaged the capital city and weakened.<br />
Colonial Brazil<br />Colonial Brazil lasted from the 1500s until 1815.<br />The Portuguese colony held on to their territory and linguistic integrity after independence. <br />This territory became the largest country in the region: Brazil.<br />The discovery of Brazil by the European colonies started an onset of many treaties and negotiations between the kings of Portugal and Castile.<br />
Colonial Brazil<br />After 1621, the colony was divided into two states, created by King Philip II.<br />Estado do Brasil, the most prominent. It’s capital was Salvador.<br />Estado do Maranhao, with the capital, Sao Luis.<br />The Portuguese economy was mostly based on the production of agricultural goods.<br />Most of these goods were exported to Europe.<br />Sugar was the most important good found in Brazil, followed by tobacco, cotton and cachaca.<br />
Colonial Brazil<br />By the 18th century, sugar was the leading export in Brazil.<br />The first sugarcane farms were established in the mid-16th century.<br />The Portuguese relied on aborigine slaves to do most of the harvesting in the sugarcane farms. <br />Eventually, they began importing African slaves, which took on most of the labor intensive harvesting.<br />Brazil exported sugar, tobacco, cotton, and other goods. They imported wine, olive oil, textiles, and other luxury goods that were not readily available.<br />
The Portuguese Empire<br />August 21st, 1415, The Portuguese Empire was founded with the conquest of Ceuta, a city on the North African coast.<br />In 1494, The Treaty of Tordesillas was signed. This divided the world between the Spanish and the Portuguese.<br />In 1488, trade was opened up with India when Bartolomeu Dias opened the Cape of Good Hope.<br />Vasco de Gama rounded the Cape of Good Hope to solidify this trade with India.<br />
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