The French in North America<br />By: Tommy Marinelli<br />Professor Arguello<br />History 140<br />
American Colonies 5: Canada and Iroquoia<br />In the 16th century, the English, Dutch, and French mariners crossed the Atlantic ocean to join the New World.<br />They were searching for better opportunities, and a rich lifestyle.<br />They discovered fish and fur as two of the most profitable commodities in Canada.<br />The idea of trading came from the original trades between the Indians and French that established a friendship.<br />The French gave Indians guns, knives, and metals, this revolutionized Indian warfare.<br />
American Colonies 5: Canada and Iroquoia<br />There were two main tribes in the Northeastern part of North America:<br />Algonquian: From New England to North Carolina. Fishers, hunters, and gatherers.<br />Iroquoian: Lake Ontario to the St. Lawrence Valley. Hunters and gatherers.<br />The Iroquois were established in violence and did not take to the French. They did not get along.<br />Northern traders needed Indians for hunting to maintain the fur trade.<br />Iroquoian Territory<br />
American Colonies 5: Canada and Iroquoia<br />The French settled in St. Lawrence Valley: between Quebec and Montreal.<br />They called it New France.<br />The French allied with the northern Algonquians, Micmac, Algonkin, and Montagnais. Eventually, they also allied with the Hurons.<br />The Five Nation Iroquois did not ally with the French.<br />In 1609, Samuel de Champlain and two French Musketeers defeated Iroquois warriors alongside their Indian allies.<br />
American Colonies 5: Canada and Iroquoia<br />Indians in North America hunted, skinned, and treated animal fur for the fur trade industry.<br />Some of the animals used in this operation were bears, beavers, mink, otters, marten, and others.<br />Since the 1500s, the fur trading industry was one of the most successful industries to develop in the US and Canada.<br />Indians asked for high prices on their fur because the demand was so high.<br />Their hunting and skinning was usually done with arrowheads, hatchets, knives, and axes. Many of which were provided by the settlers.<br />
American Colonies 16: French America<br />British colonies continued to grow, becoming more and more powerful and ambitious. The French relied on the native Indians to protect Canada<br />The French Crown encouraged emigration by paying for transatlantic passages.<br />Canada did not turn out to be what the emigrants were expecting.<br />
American Colonies 16: French America<br />Canada was the property of the fur trading company of New France until 1663.<br />Louisiana was discovered by Frenchman Sieur de La Salle while he was sailing the Mississippi.<br />This territory was claimed by King Louis XIV.<br />These French colonies expanded from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the Gulf of Mexico.<br />
American Colonies 16: French America<br />The French sent other expeditions from Canada and France to settle in Louisiana.<br />Louisiana was divided by Indians and Settlers.<br />The French needed the native people to be their allies in order to defend their colony and keep the English out.<br />The French in Louisiana gave the Indians many trade goods in order to keep them happy so they could compete with trade in Carolina.<br />
American Colonies 16: French America<br /> The Louisiana French continued to give out gifts to their neighboring Indians in order to form alliances.<br />They also gave such gifts to the Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians.<br />Some of their gifts included guns, axes, gun powder, beads, kettles, knives, and more.<br />1717-1730, 5,400 European colonists and 6,000 African slaves were transported to Louisiana by the Company of the Indies.<br />The English colonies continued to grow and established a popular government and white solidarity, creating more insecurities within the French.<br />
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