The French in North America By: Tommy Marinelli Professor Arguello History 140
American Colonies 5: Canada and Iroquoia In the 16th century, the English, Dutch, and French mariners crossed the Atlantic ocean to join the New World. They were searching for better opportunities, and a rich lifestyle. They discovered fish and fur as two of the most profitable commodities in Canada. The idea of trading came from the original trades between the Indians and French that established a friendship. The French gave Indians guns, knives, and metals, this revolutionized Indian warfare.
American Colonies 5: Canada and Iroquoia There were two main tribes in the Northeastern part of North America: Algonquian: From New England to North Carolina. Fishers, hunters, and gatherers. Iroquoian: Lake Ontario to the St. Lawrence Valley. Hunters and gatherers. The Iroquois were established in violence and did not take to the French. They did not get along. Northern traders needed Indians for hunting to maintain the fur trade. Iroquoian Territory
American Colonies 5: Canada and Iroquoia The French settled in St. Lawrence Valley: between Quebec and Montreal. They called it New France. The French allied with the northern Algonquians, Micmac, Algonkin, and Montagnais. Eventually, they also allied with the Hurons. The Five Nation Iroquois did not ally with the French. In 1609, Samuel de Champlain and two French Musketeers defeated Iroquois warriors alongside their Indian allies.
American Colonies 5: Canada and Iroquoia Indians in North America hunted, skinned, and treated animal fur for the fur trade industry. Some of the animals used in this operation were bears, beavers, mink, otters, marten, and others. Since the 1500s, the fur trading industry was one of the most successful industries to develop in the US and Canada. Indians asked for high prices on their fur because the demand was so high. Their hunting and skinning was usually done with arrowheads, hatchets, knives, and axes. Many of which were provided by the settlers.
American Colonies 16: French America British colonies continued to grow, becoming more and more powerful and ambitious. The French relied on the native Indians to protect Canada The French Crown encouraged emigration by paying for transatlantic passages. Canada did not turn out to be what the emigrants were expecting.
American Colonies 16: French America Canada was the property of the fur trading company of New France until 1663. Louisiana was discovered by Frenchman Sieur de La Salle while he was sailing the Mississippi. This territory was claimed by King Louis XIV. These French colonies expanded from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the Gulf of Mexico.
American Colonies 16: French America The French sent other expeditions from Canada and France to settle in Louisiana. Louisiana was divided by Indians and Settlers. The French needed the native people to be their allies in order to defend their colony and keep the English out. The French in Louisiana gave the Indians many trade goods in order to keep them happy so they could compete with trade in Carolina.
American Colonies 16: French America The Louisiana French continued to give out gifts to their neighboring Indians in order to form alliances. They also gave such gifts to the Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians. Some of their gifts included guns, axes, gun powder, beads, kettles, knives, and more. 1717-1730, 5,400 European colonists and 6,000 African slaves were transported to Louisiana by the Company of the Indies. The English colonies continued to grow and established a popular government and white solidarity, creating more insecurities within the French.