The colony of New France was colonized by trappers and settlers from Britain and France. The colony became part of the British empire after the British victory of the Seven Years’ War.
After 1781, mass numbers of British empire loyalists left the U.S. to seek refuge in Canada. This greatly expanded the English-speaking community.
The War of 1812 brought the different ethnicities within Canada together in an effort to stand against external threats.
The U.S. declared war on Britain during the Napoleonic wars. The British colony of Canada formed one of the front lines of conflict. U.S. military leaders saw Canada as a non-threat.
Following the War of 1812, Canada grew rapidly. English-speaking migrants were attracted to Canada’s business opportunities. The Population steadily increased.
To avoid conflict, and another revolution, the British imperial governors of Canada defused the tension between ethnic groups by expanding home rule and allowing the provinces to govern their own internal affairs.