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Are you going to fight or flee? Artifact

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  • 1. ARE YOU GOING TO FIGHT OR FLEE?BASEBALL EDITION
  • 2. THE SPECIFICS ON A BASEBALL FIELD PT1 Dura Mater: consists of strong white tissue and serves as the outer layer of the meninges and also the inner periosteum of the cranial bones. Contains 3 inward extensions; Falx Cerebri, Falx Cerebelli, and Tentorium Cerebelli. In relation to Baseball, this covering of the meninges could be considered the Outfield. They are the outer layer of defense for the team. Arachnoid Membrane: It’s a very delicate, cobweb looking layer lying between the Dura Mater and the Pia Mater. In relation to Baseball, this covering of the meninges could be considered the Infield. They are the middle layer of defense between the outfield and the catcher and pitcher.
  • 3. BASEBALL COVERINGS SPECIFICS Pia Mater: Transparent and adheres to the outer surface of the brain and spinal cord and contains blood vessels. In relation to Baseball, this covering of the meninges could be considered the pitcher and the catcher. They are the first line of defense before the 7© infield or the outfield.
  • 4. BASEBALL COACHING STAFF SPECIFICS.. Function of CSF: Even with bony and membranous coverings, a cushion of fluid both around the organs and within them protects the brain and spinal cord. The CSF is also a reservoir of circulating fluid that, along with blood, the brain monitors for changes in the interior environment. In relation to Baseball, I would consider this to be the coaching staff. They are there to help make adjustments in the defensive positioning and are always watching (or monitoring) to make necessary changes.
  • 5. WHERE IS CSF? The CSF is found protecting the brain and spinal cord from injury by supplying a cushion of fluid both around the organs and within them. Circulation: the continuous motion of blood throughout the body conducted by the heart.
  • 6. KEEPING THE GAME IN PLACE Structure and Function of Spinal Cord: Performs two functions; provides conduction routes to and from the brain and serves as the integrator for all spinal reflexes. The Spinal cord tracts provide conduction paths to and from the brain. In relation to Baseball, I would consider this to be the 1st and 3rd base coaches who are there to be the active coaches on the field to aid in the adjustments needing to be made in the game.
  • 7. 7©WHAT KEEPS THE GAME IN PLACE?Just as the coaches keep the game together so does the spinal cord.
  • 8. SPINAL CORD SPECIFICS Where it’s at: The Spinal Cord lies within the spinal cavity starting at basically the neck and down to the first lumbar vertebra. Shape: It’s an oval-shaped cylinder that tapers slightly as it descends down the back. Contains two bulges, one in the cervical region and the other in the lumbar region. Nerve roots structure and function: Nerve roots project from each side of the spinal cord. They carry sensory information into the spinal cord.
  • 9. HOW IS YOUR BODY HELPING YOUBE ON YOUR FEET? The nerves in your that are in the sympathetic nervous system, which is a part of ANS, come from the chest and lower back part of the spinal cord. 7©
  • 10. STAY ON YOUR TOES AND LET YOURBODY DO THE REST Parasympathetic nervous system is what controls your involuntary movements and bodily functions This helps with baseball because you must be alert and practice so much that your body already knows what to from muscle memory Pitching Batting and Catching are all helped by the parasympathetic nervous system
  • 11. THE THIRD BASE COACH 4 MAINFUNCTIONS OF BASEBALL (CEREBRALCORTEX) These are consciousness, language, emotions and memory. A third base coach giving the pitcher signals is a perfect example of how all these coexist into one scenario. 6©
  • 12. FUNCTION 1 & 2:CONSCIOUSNESS & LANGUAGE When the coach gives the player the signals he consciously receives it, scientist haven’t pin pointed the exact mechanism of the brain that produces consciousness. The signals can also be considered a type of language to the players; the language center of the brain in 90% of the population is located in the left cerebral hemisphere.
  • 13. FUNCTION 3 & 4:EMOTIONS & MEMORY Emotions come into play because the pitcher can decide whether or not he feels that pitch is right for the situation; these emotional processes take place in the limbic system of the brain. A huge part of the signal system is memorization of all the different signals the base coach could tell you; memorization happens through the temporal, parietal and occipital lobes.
  • 14.  They would be the motor and sensory functions and come from two different gyri of the brain 7©THERE ARE MORE THAN JUST 4 FUNCTIONS…
  • 15. FUNCTION 5:MOTOR Motor senses come from the precentral gyrus, these include functions such as the ability to swallow, move your toes, ankle, or hips. Basically the somatic motor functions in your body control any voluntary movement; this comes back to the third base coach because he voluntarily moved certain body parts to form a signal for the pitcher.
  • 16. FUNCTION 6:SENSORY Sensory senses come from the postcentral gyrus of the brain; this includes the sensations of touch, pressure, temperature, or your body’s position. Sensory motor functions basically control your body’s ability to feel and also come back to the third base coach because he used his motor skills to move his finger up to his nose but, used his sensory senses to feel that he had actually placed his finger on his nose.(©1)
  • 17. DORSAL &VENTRAL1 BASE & 3 RD BASE ST The Dorsal and Ventral root splits the spinal cord (dorsal sensory and ventral movement) but they connect. So if Ventral was first base and dorsal was third base they both split the second base and the home run If you run to first base and get it out than your chances of going to third base are over. Which means if Ventral (1st base-movement) stops working than the Dorsal (3rd base-sensory) isn’t quite working well
  • 18. 4 MAJOR NERVOUS PLEXUSES1) The Cervical plexus2) The Brachial plexuses3) The Lumbar plexuses4) The Sacral Plexuses
  • 19. 1.) PITCHING WITH THECERVICAL PLEXUSES The cervical plexuses is found deep within the neck Ventral rami of the first four cervical spinal nerves (c1- c4), along with a branch of the ventral ramus of c5, exchange fibers in the cervical plexuses So when the pitcher pitches the baseball he moves is neck and as he’s moving the cervical plexuses 7©
  • 20. 2.) BATTING WITH THEBRACHIAL PLEXUSES The brachial plexuses is used whenever the pitcher pitches the ball the brachial is found deep within the shoulder, even the batters use the brachial plexuses as they approach the ball with the bat
  • 21. 3.) GETTING TO BASE WITH THELUMBAR PLEXUSES The Lumbar plexuses divides into many branches supplying the thigh and leg If the batters make a home run, they use there lumbar plexuses while they’re running from base to base
  • 22. 4.) BATTING WITH THESACRAL PLEXUSES The sacral plexuses lies in the pelvic cavity on the anterior surface of the piriformis muscle. Because of their close proximity and overlap of fibers, the lumber and sacral plexuses are often considered together as the “lumbosacral plexus” The batters use the their pelvic as the switch their hips to swing at the baseball as well as the pitcher when he pitches the ball.
  • 23. THE BASICS TO BAESBALL:DERMATOMES & MYOTOMES Dermatomes and Myotomes are the distribution of the spinal cord appear to follow an ordered arrangement, but detailed mapping of the skin surface had revealed a close relationship Dermatomes are in the use of skin so as a batter dives to touch a base their skin might ended getting scratched up from the dirt and the myotomes are in the use of muscle, myotomes are used throughout the game of baseball.
  • 24. STRUCTURES & FUNCTIONS OFBASEBALL Thalamus- impulses from appropriate receptors, on reaching the thalamus, produce conscious recognition of the crude, less critical sensations of pain, temperature, and touch Cerebellum- controls posture, skeletal muscles to maintain balance Medulla Oblongata- contains cardiac, vasomotor, and respiratory centers. Various nonvital reflexes such as vomiting, coughing, sneezing, hiccupping and swallowing.
  • 25. CONTINUATION.. Hypothalamus- pleasure centers and reward centers for the primary drives such as eating drinking and sex Diencephalon- located between the cerebrum and the midbrain. Contains thalamus and hypothalamus Pon- contains centers for reflexes mediating by the fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth cranial nerves
  • 26. THE ACTUAL BASEBALL DIAMOND Thalamus Hypothalamus Cerebellum Diencephalon Pon Medulla Oblongata 7©
  • 27. CRANIAL NERVES WERE MADE FORBASEBALL Olfactory: This helps you smell the hotdogs, nachos, popcorn, and people in the crowd Optic: This helps you see the ball Oculomotor: This helps you slow down the ball in your mind and blink slowly and let your pupils dialate 9©
  • 28. MORE CRANIAL NERVES… Trochlear: This makes your eyeball rotate and follow the ball as your batting Trigeminal: This helps you chew that tasty gum Abducens: This helps you when your at bat and are scanning the field side to side to where you should hit the ball Facial: This helps keep your face composed and intimidate others with your facial expressions Vestibulocochlear: This helps listen to the crowd and get pumped up and keep your emotions balanced Glossopharyngeal: This helps you taste those baseball snacks and stick out your tongue when something tastes nasty
  • 29. CRANIAL NERVES CONTINUATION… Vagus: This is what helps you yell to your team mates and encourage them Accessory: This helps you loosen up your shoulders and your neck as you go up to pitch or bat Hypoglossal: This helps you stick out your tongue and tease the 7© other players
  • 30. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AFFERENT &EFFERENT: AFFECTED BY THE GAME TOEFFECT THE GAME Afferent is when you are affected by the game and everything around you, whereas Efferent is your effect on how you play to influence things around you, such as the game

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