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Social Studies Power Point Presentation ByAndresHernandez Presentedto Diego Villamizar Questions: Whatis a PoliticalConstitution? What are theforms of government? Whatis a State?
PoliticalConstitution: Whatisa PoliticalConstitution? A political constitution is a constitution where the legislature is the main check upon executive power. It can be constrasted to a legal constitution, where it is the judiciary which provides the greater checks upon government. In many countries both political and legal checks will be used to control the government.
Forms OF GOVERnMENT: Forms Of Government A form of government, or form of state governance, refers to the set of political institutions by which a government of a state is organized in order to exert its powers over a body politic.
Authoritarianism: Authoritarianism describes a form of government characterized by an emphasis on the authority of state in a republic or union. It is a political system controlled by typically non-elected rulers who usually permit some degree of individual freedom.
Anarchy: Absence of government a state of lawlessness due to the absence or inefficiency of the supreme power; political disorder. A social state in which there is no governing person or group of people, but each individual has absolute liberty. Absence or non-recognition of authority and order in any given sphere.
Anarchism: Anarchism is a political philosophy encompassing theories and attitudes which consider the state to be unnecessary, harmful, or otherwise undesirable, and favor instead a stateless society or anarchy. Individual anarchists may have additional criteria for what they conceive to be anarchism, and there is often broad disagreement concerning these broader conceptions.
Democracy: Democracy is a political government either carried out directly by the people or by means of elected representatives of the people. Even though there is no specific, universally accepted definition of 'democracy', there are two principles that any definition of democracy includes, equality and freedom.
State: Whatis a State? A state is a set of institutions that possess the authority to make the rules that govern the people in one or more societies, having internal and external sovereignty over a definite territory. state also refers to political units, not sovereign themselves, but subject to the authority of the larger state, or federal union. Within a monarchy, two or more states may share personal union under the same monarch, but retain an individual identity, even unto a separate legislature and/or government.