Mlk Vs Mx


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Mlk Vs Mx

  1. 1. Martin Luther King, Jr. V. Malcolm X
  2. 2. The Who and Why <ul><li>Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X were both highly influential leaders in the civil rights movement. </li></ul><ul><li>They both wanted full equality for the black community. </li></ul><ul><li>Their main difference is between their methods; King chose nonviolence and Malcolm was prepared for war. </li></ul>
  3. 3. King’s Policies <ul><li>When a violent group refuses to negotiate, it is best dealt with by nonviolent direct action. </li></ul><ul><li>The administration had done nothing for too long and wasn’t showing any sign of action. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Outlook on Law <ul><li>There are two kinds of laws: just and unjust. </li></ul><ul><li>Just laws aid people and keep with moral law. </li></ul><ul><li>Unjust laws twist people’s perceptions and souls and threaten to cause havoc. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Unjust Administration <ul><li>Segregation laws were unjust because the segregator gained a false sense of superiority while the segregated were made to feel inferior. </li></ul><ul><li>White administration did not feel the suffering, so they could not understand. </li></ul>
  6. 6. King’s Method <ul><li>To oppose an unjust law, one must break it and, without fighting back, accept the following punishment to show lawful behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Then, people can view it for what it truly is. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Malcolm’s Doctrine <ul><li>“ The Ballot or the Bullet.” </li></ul><ul><li>Trouble was coming and black people would have to choose their tool to ward it. If it wasn’t voting, it was fighting. </li></ul><ul><li>Not anti-white, but anti-oppression. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Break from Government <ul><li>Proposed a separation from the United States to form a black colony. </li></ul><ul><li>If they weren’t getting what they needed, they had to take it. Anyone depriving them of it was a criminal. </li></ul><ul><li>Political leaders were saying how good things were and it wasn’t true. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Criminals <ul><li>Segregationists were criminals because segregation was against the law. </li></ul><ul><li>However, policemen joined in the segregation; they, too, were criminals. </li></ul><ul><li>Black people had to fight back when attacked. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Malcolm’s Solution <ul><li>Only by controlling their own government could black people be safe. </li></ul><ul><li>There was no point in trying to change the white man’s mind. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Pros and Cons of King’s Argument <ul><li>Pros – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotes nonviolence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives victims moral high ground. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doesn’t exacerbate problem. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cons – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May not change anything. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High risk of death. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Pros and Cons of Malcolm’s Argument <ul><li>Pros – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Separate nation means black people have their own rules. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows black people to defend themselves. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No more waiting for officials to fix everything. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cons – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May anger whites or make them feel threatened. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black people may be unprepared to start new nation so quickly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US Administration may forcibly end idea. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Afterthought <ul><li>Malcolm X was part of the black nationalist group “Nation of Islam.” </li></ul><ul><li>After feuding with its leader and making a pilgrimage to Mecca, Malcolm’s views took on a more peaceful outlook. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Final Opinion <ul><li>Both men had compelling cases, but peace must always be tried first. Martin Luther King, Jr. may have been right. </li></ul><ul><li>However, if it had fallen through, Malcolm X’s plan was a good contingency plan and should not be discounted. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Sources <ul><li>Boyer, P., and Stuckey, S. (2005). American Nation in the Modern Era . Austin, TX: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. </li></ul><ul><li>X, M. (1964). The Autobiography of Malcolm X . New York, NY: Ballantine Books. </li></ul><ul><li>King, M. (1963). Why We Can’t Wait. New York, NY: Estate of Martin Luther King, Jr. </li></ul><ul><li>George Breitman, ed. Malcolm X Speaks: Selected Speeches and Statements (New York: Grove Weidenfeld, 1965) pp.23-44. </li></ul>