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  1. 1. Globalization and Education
  2. 2. Globalization • The worldwide movement toward economic, financial, trade, and communications integration. • Globalization implies the opening of local and nationalistic perspectives to a broader outlook of an interconnected and interdependent world with free transfer of capital, goods, and services across national frontiers. However, it does not include unhindered movement of labor and, as suggested by some economists, may hurt smaller or fragile economies if applied indiscriminately.
  3. 3. GLOBAL EDUCATION AND GLOBALIZATION • DEFINED the idea of a school curriculum that has a worldwide standard of teaching and learning. Is an effort to help individuals to see the world as a single and global system and to see themselves as participants of that system. “James Becker”
  4. 4. • Education that opens people’s eyes and minds to the realities of the globalised world and awakens them to bring about a world of greater justice, equity and Human Rights for all. Learning for our global society.
  5. 5. Characteristics of Globalization with a Link to Education
  6. 6. • Education Globalization is the idea that our world is becoming a unified whole with little or no cultural or social conflict. This central idea of globalization is conducive to the idea of education. For a student seeking to extend boundaries and break barriers, globalization provides an opportunity of a lifetime. Globalization has merits and demerits in economics, business and politics. In education it has merits for students and educators but there is also a sense of an unhealthy takeover of education by market forces. Broadly considered, however, Globalization is freeing the world of education from limitations.
  7. 7. • Economic globalization refers to the increasing interdependence of world economies as a result of the growing scale of cross-border trade of commodities and services, flow of international capital and wide and rapid spread of technologies. It reflects the continuing expansion and mutual integration of market frontiers, and is an irreversible trend for the economic development in the whole world at the turn of the millennium. The rapid growing significance of information in all types of productive activities and marketization is the two major driving forces for economic globalization. In other words, the fast globalization of the world’s economies in recent years is largely based on the rapid development of science and technologies, has resulted from the environment in which market economic system has been fast spreading throughout the world, and has developed on the basis of increasing cross-border division of labor that has been penetrating down to the level of production chains within enterprises of different countries.
  8. 8. Socio-cultural Issues • massive migration • managing differences • global changes in culture
  9. 9. • Politics Globalization traditionally politics has been undertaken within national political systems. National governments have been ultimately responsible for maintaining the security and economic welfare of their citizens, as well as the protection of human rights and the environment within their borders. With global ecological changes, an ever more integrated global economy, and other global trends, political activity increasingly takes place at the global level.
  10. 10. Core Values and Competencies for Global Education
  11. 11. CORE VALUES • peace and non-violence • social justice • human rights • economic well being and equity • cultural integrity • ecological balance • democratic participation
  12. 12. CORE SKILLS AND COMPETENCIES • self-worth • self- affirmation • affirmation of others • cultural and racial differences • critical thinking • effective communication skills • non-violent conflict resolution and mediation • imagination • effective organizing
  13. 13. Socio-Cultural, Economic, and Political Issues on Globalization