Language Learning for an Open World:
Understanding the Global Impact
of Open Education
Carl S. Blyth
Yale University
May 1...
Coral
Coral by flightsaber
http://www.flickr.com/photos/flightsaber/2204190345
CC BY-NC 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/li...
Curl
http://www.flickr.com/photos/19melissa68/4479055267/
Corelle
Corelle_Snowflake Garland Cream &; Sugar with Salt & Paper (1974) by catface3
http://www.flickr.com/photos/jfhollo...
Working on the cattle in the corrals.jpg by Alister.flint
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Working_on_the_cattle_in_...
OER in COERLL
Newest of the 15 National Foreign
Language Resource Centers (2010 –
2014)
Located at the Univ of Texas at Austin
Only Titl...
LRC Mission: to improve the nation’s “foreign
language capacity.”
COERLL's Mission: to produce and
disseminate Open Educat...
Roadmap
1. Overview of Open Education
2. Open Educational Resources (OER)
3. Assessing the Impact of OER
4. Challenges to ...
1. Overview of Open Education
Defining “Open Education”
“A collective term that refers to forms of
education in which knowledge, ideas or
important aspe...
Open Education Movement
“The open education (OE) movement is
based on a set of intuitions shared by a
remarkably wide rang...
2. Open Educational Resources (OER)
Coined in 2002 during a
UNESCO meeting, the term
OER refers to any
educational material offered
freely for anyone to use,
...
What we mean by OPEN
1. Free Access (online, no passwords, no fees)
2. Enable the “4 R’s”
Reuse - copy verbatim
Redistribu...
OER Enablers
Open Standards
How to design
OERs for sharing
Open Licenses
Permission to
share OERs
Technology
Tools for
cre...
“Gratis” vs. “Libre”
Photo source: free (http://www.flickr.com/photos/tonx/2698947622/) / tonx
(http://www.flickr.com/phot...
Creative Commons: Open Licenses
File:Tyler.stefanich_Creative_Commons_Swag_Contest_2007_2_(by).jpg found at
http://commons...
Benefits of Open Licenses
You are allowed to:
 Copy and distribute without having to
ask permission from the copyright
ho...
13 million free media files (photos, videos, sounds)
http://commons.wikimedia.org
67 million free, shareable photos. (CC B...
http://search.creativecommons.org
CC Search
OER Repositories
Degrees of Open: Materials
Traditional
Material
All rights reserved
CLOSED OPEN
OERs
Reuse / Redistribute /
Revise / Remix
Degrees of Open: Classrooms
Online
• Virtual classroom
• Formal (enrolled) “student”
• Informal “learner”
• MOOC
CLOSED OP...
Degrees of Open: Research
Open research
• Known to group
• Online journals
• LL&T
• Internet public
CLOSED OPEN
Traditiona...
Mosaic Cow in St. Joseph, Michigan : taken from -
http://www.flickr.com/photos/vxla/6183285404/in/photostream/Author:
http...
Big vs. Little OER
Big OER Little OER
Typically generated by institutions. Typically generated and shared by
individuals.
...
COERLL’s Strategies for Openness
Design for Sharing & Collaboration
Modular content
Shareable media (YouTube)
Editable for...
Open Textbooks
Flexbook (editable text)
Learning Communities
Open Source Tools
eComma collaborative annotation tool
Open Corpora
3. Assessing the Impact of OER
4. Challenges to Open Education
Lack of Awareness
A study of more than 2000 tenure and tenure-track
faculty members at Florida public colleges
indicated t...
Concerns about Quality & Support
A 2011 NITLE survey: “potential interest in OER,
but that there is a need for more qualit...
Sustainability
Free? For whom?
COERLL’s freemium model (Anderson 2009)
Anderson, C. (2009). Free: The future of a radical
...
Want to learn more?
Read our blog and post a comment…
Follow us on Twitter…
Visit our Facebook page…
Or send us an email!
info@coerll.utexas.edu
Thanks!
Blyth Yale University SCI Symposium ppt
Blyth Yale University SCI Symposium ppt
Blyth Yale University SCI Symposium ppt
Blyth Yale University SCI Symposium ppt
Blyth Yale University SCI Symposium ppt
Blyth Yale University SCI Symposium ppt
Blyth Yale University SCI Symposium ppt
Blyth Yale University SCI Symposium ppt
Blyth Yale University SCI Symposium ppt
Blyth Yale University SCI Symposium ppt
Blyth Yale University SCI Symposium ppt
Blyth Yale University SCI Symposium ppt
Blyth Yale University SCI Symposium ppt
Blyth Yale University SCI Symposium ppt
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Blyth Yale University SCI Symposium ppt

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Keynote presentation given at The Shared Course Initiative in Context: New Directions in Distance Education (Yale University, May 12, 2014)

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  • TLTC provided technology support to instructors in the FL departments who wanted to develop online materials. We had always made these materials open access, so it was a natural progression for us to focus on OER as a language resource center.
  • as in the OER definition from wikipedia.
  • I want to start by introducing COERLL, giving you a little background on our center.
    Then, I will discuss the “OER” in COERLL – what open educational resources means to us and how we are opening up our language learning tools and materials.
    I will give you a peek at some of the projects we have been working on.
    And finally, I want to wrap up by sharing some lessons learned in our journey to becoming more open.
  • I want to start by introducing COERLL, giving you a little background on our center.
    Then, I will discuss the “OER” in COERLL – what open educational resources means to us and how we are opening up our language learning tools and materials.
    I will give you a peek at some of the projects we have been working on.
    And finally, I want to wrap up by sharing some lessons learned in our journey to becoming more open.
  • as in the OER definition from wikipedia.
  • Difference between the meanings of "free", yes it is free as in no cost, but it is also free as in giving you the freedom of sharing ownership of the material.

    Determine how to move from open access websites to true OER
    Retrofit existing materials if possible
    Implement new tools, processes, and strategies to develop new OER
    Grow communities around our OER
  • YouTube launched Creative Commons a year ago and already as the record for
  • CC Search Portal
  • We have been producing materials for awhile, and they have always been open access, but with a little copyright symbol at the bottom. The "all rights reserved" model does not allow any copying or redistribution of materials. Luckily, we have the "some rights reserved" model. We say "as long as you give us attribution, we give you explicit permission to copy and adapt materials to meet the local needs of your classroom or create new materials".
  • Student-generated content
    CreateSpace & Qoop
    Created in MS Word, All PDFs
  • Drupal module, will be released as open source

  • Spanish in Texas

    Development of materials using video samples from the Corpus
    Editing pedagogically-useful clips and sharing on YouTube
    Experimenting with TedEd
    Launching Facebook community, etc.
  • Blyth Yale University SCI Symposium ppt

    1. 1. Language Learning for an Open World: Understanding the Global Impact of Open Education Carl S. Blyth Yale University May 12, 2014
    2. 2. Coral Coral by flightsaber http://www.flickr.com/photos/flightsaber/2204190345 CC BY-NC 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/
    3. 3. Curl http://www.flickr.com/photos/19melissa68/4479055267/
    4. 4. Corelle Corelle_Snowflake Garland Cream &; Sugar with Salt & Paper (1974) by catface3 http://www.flickr.com/photos/jfholloway/1456419986/in/photostream CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/
    5. 5. Working on the cattle in the corrals.jpg by Alister.flint http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Working_on_the_cattle_in_the_corrals.jpg CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) Corral
    6. 6. OER in COERLL
    7. 7. Newest of the 15 National Foreign Language Resource Centers (2010 – 2014) Located at the Univ of Texas at Austin Only Title VI Center (NRCs & LRCs) focused on Open Education and Open Educational Resources (OER) About COERLL
    8. 8. LRC Mission: to improve the nation’s “foreign language capacity.” COERLL's Mission: to produce and disseminate Open Educational Resources (OERs) (e.g., online language courses, reference grammars, assessment tools, corpora, etc.). Mission
    9. 9. Roadmap 1. Overview of Open Education 2. Open Educational Resources (OER) 3. Assessing the Impact of OER 4. Challenges to Open Education
    10. 10. 1. Overview of Open Education
    11. 11. Defining “Open Education” “A collective term that refers to forms of education in which knowledge, ideas or important aspects of teaching methodology or infrastructure are shared freely over the Internet.” (Wikipedia)
    12. 12. Open Education Movement “The open education (OE) movement is based on a set of intuitions shared by a remarkably wide range of academics: that knowledge should be free and open to use and re-use; that collaboration should be easier, not harder; that people should receive credit and kudos for contributing to education and research; and that concepts and ideas are linked in unusual and surprising ways and not the simple linear forms that today’s textbook present.” (Baraniuk 2007: 229)
    13. 13. 2. Open Educational Resources (OER)
    14. 14. Coined in 2002 during a UNESCO meeting, the term OER refers to any educational material offered freely for anyone to use, typically involving some permission to re-mix, improve, and redistribute. What we mean by OER
    15. 15. What we mean by OPEN 1. Free Access (online, no passwords, no fees) 2. Enable the “4 R’s” Reuse - copy verbatim Redistribute - share with others Revise - adapt and edit Remix - combine with others
    16. 16. OER Enablers Open Standards How to design OERs for sharing Open Licenses Permission to share OERs Technology Tools for creating & sharing OER Communities of practice Sharing ideas & best practices through dialogue
    17. 17. “Gratis” vs. “Libre” Photo source: free (http://www.flickr.com/photos/tonx/2698947622/) / tonx (http://www.flickr.com/photos/tonx/) / CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/)
    18. 18. Creative Commons: Open Licenses File:Tyler.stefanich_Creative_Commons_Swag_Contest_2007_2_(by).jpg found at http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki / BY-SA (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)
    19. 19. Benefits of Open Licenses You are allowed to:  Copy and distribute without having to ask permission from the copyright holder.  Legally download and publish the material in a stable location so you don’t have to rely on just linking.  (In some cases) adapt and customize the materials for your learners.
    20. 20. 13 million free media files (photos, videos, sounds) http://commons.wikimedia.org 67 million free, shareable photos. (CC BY-NC-SA) http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons/ 40,000 public domain books (65 languages) http://www.gutenberg.org/catalog/ 4 million openly-licensed videos (CC BY)
    21. 21. http://search.creativecommons.org CC Search
    22. 22. OER Repositories
    23. 23. Degrees of Open: Materials Traditional Material All rights reserved CLOSED OPEN OERs Reuse / Redistribute / Revise / Remix
    24. 24. Degrees of Open: Classrooms Online • Virtual classroom • Formal (enrolled) “student” • Informal “learner” • MOOC CLOSED OPEN Traditional • Physical classroom • Enrolled student
    25. 25. Degrees of Open: Research Open research • Known to group • Online journals • LL&T • Internet public CLOSED OPEN Traditional research • Methods/data known to few • Traditional print journals • Modern Language Journal • Subscribed readers
    26. 26. Mosaic Cow in St. Joseph, Michigan : taken from - http://www.flickr.com/photos/vxla/6183285404/in/photostream/Author: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en Degrees of Open: CC Licenses CLOSED OPEN BY: AttributionBY: Attribution ND: No Derivatives NC: Non Commercial SA: Share Alike http://creativecommons.org/licenses/
    27. 27. Big vs. Little OER Big OER Little OER Typically generated by institutions. Typically generated and shared by individuals. Advantages =good quality, easy to find Advantages = cheap, web-native, easily remixed and reused. Disadvantages = expensive, often not web native, reuse limited Disadvantages = lower production quality, reputation can be more difficult to ascertain, more difficult to locate Examples: Many of COERLL’s OER Examples: Blog posts, podcasts, etc. Source: Martin Weller http://nogoodreason.typepad.co.uk/no_good_reason/2009/12/the-politics-of-oer.html
    28. 28. COERLL’s Strategies for Openness Design for Sharing & Collaboration Modular content Shareable media (YouTube) Editable formats (Google Docs) Multiple access formats (print-on- demand, mobile, Web, etc.) Building Communities Teachers + Learners + Administrators + Developers
    29. 29. Open Textbooks
    30. 30. Flexbook (editable text)
    31. 31. Learning Communities
    32. 32. Open Source Tools eComma collaborative annotation tool
    33. 33. Open Corpora
    34. 34. 3. Assessing the Impact of OER
    35. 35. 4. Challenges to Open Education
    36. 36. Lack of Awareness A study of more than 2000 tenure and tenure-track faculty members at Florida public colleges indicated that just over 10% of instructors had actually used OER, mainly as a supplement to traditional materials (Henderson, 2011).
    37. 37. Concerns about Quality & Support A 2011 NITLE survey: “potential interest in OER, but that there is a need for more quality resources relevant to the liberal arts curriculum, that these resources should be more easily discoverable, and that faculty may need to be convinced that they are sufficient quality” (Spiro & Alexander, 2012, p. 1).
    38. 38. Sustainability Free? For whom? COERLL’s freemium model (Anderson 2009) Anderson, C. (2009). Free: The future of a radical price. New York: Hyperion.
    39. 39. Want to learn more?
    40. 40. Read our blog and post a comment…
    41. 41. Follow us on Twitter…
    42. 42. Visit our Facebook page…
    43. 43. Or send us an email! info@coerll.utexas.edu Thanks!

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