110829 lecture mapping_keywords
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110829 lecture mapping_keywords Document Transcript

  • 1. MAPPING / OBSERVATION - lecture 290811 - Magdalena Haggärde - Emerging Arctic Landscapes - BASNB! keywords / references only.mapping methods to get outside and around the obvious - to grasp deeper and find the unexpected‘a map of geography is no more that geography - or that space - than a painting of a pipe is a pipe’Doreen Massey is making a clear reference to Magritte’s painting ‘ceci n’est pas une pipe’Space presents us with multiplicity, simultaneity, heterogenity, complexity and ongoing interconnections. So how to handlethe always unfinished and open?Google maps: we are getting used to see the world as a satellite photo - with the possibility of ‘inside information’ - thingsnot seen on an aerial view as layers of information:- Metro system- Traffic situation- More or less public indoor spaces: hotels, restaurants, shopping possibilities (dominated by commercial functions/spaces)We might think this ‘look inside’ is permitted only the last years by this kind of functions/systems but already in 1748 Nollidid his famous Rome map where all exterior and interior public spaces are marked as accessible rooms - possible foranybody to employ (only he mapped non-commercial (‘real’) public space: churches, libraries, schools etc are indicated inthe same way as squares and streets are..)In Learning from Las Vegas Denise Scott Brown and Robert Venturi make references to the Nollimap. Zones of similarfunction/program/availability/appearance are put in different layers as cut-outs (along with lots of other mapping methods,analysis, observations, diagrams, graphics etc)MAPPING / OBSERVATION - lecture 290811 - Magdalena Haggärde - Emerging Arctic Landscapes - BAS
  • 2. Chora / Bunschoten’s bean-method ‘objectively subjective’ - forcing one to explore places chosen by the random placingof the beans thrown on the map:‘This bean method cuts through traditional cathegories, being based on random sampling and schematic description. Acritical mass of small points and a description of the dynamic conditions found in them can form a model of the landscapeof change, the metaspace, in which the planner has to intervene.’ (Urban Flotsam by Chora / Bunschoten)situationists:combining the concept of ‘parcours’ meaning the course/journey/route (a sequence of events, experiences etc - in relationto time and actions and not only geographical facts) with the kind of maps we are used to into psychogeographical maps.The method was dérive, a reaction to the surrealists (‘bourgeois’) flaneuring, a narrative described with thepsychogeographical maps, and the concept of détournement - ‘the reuse of pre-existing artistic elements in a newensemble.’ - provoking a view from a new angle, exposing incoherences and fragmentations, a way of looking for what isin between reality and the description (mapping) of reality.aztec maps where histories, parcours and geography are interconnected - integrating time and space - telling stories. (asdescribed by Doreen Massey in for space) - this is mapping not only as a description but also as an activating of space -parkour: vocabular and inspiration from the situationists: the practitioner of parkour is called traceur.here one could also mention Michel de Certeau - investigating the difference between what he calls voyeurs (witha strategic position) and walkers - the everyday people with a tactical position towards one’s environment. The firstanalysing reality ‘from above’ and the latter living it through everyday activitites. More about this in The practice ofeveryday life, in the chapter Walking in the city - worth reading!example of mapping methods by different persons:psychogeographical maps in a contemporary contextone hour investigations (by foot, by bike..MAPPING / OBSERVATION - lecture 290811 - Magdalena Haggärde - Emerging Arctic Landscapes - BAS
  • 3. ..by car, by train)titles (poetical/imaginative) under which places are categorised - permitting new readings and discoveriesanother way to let go of our own subject is to do as french artist Sophie Calle in her very first piece of art Suite Vénitienne- following people forcing herself to live the environment through their choices.These postcards from Rosengård is an outcome of seeing the not so obvious, going behind first impressions made bystudents at the master studio 2009 City as Biotope. (by Zlatan Ðikić / Mo, Kuo-Chen / Roberto Ovalle / Teng, Miao)Another DAV project from that studio is: A Sunny Day at FredriksbergMAPPING / OBSERVATION - lecture 290811 - Magdalena Haggärde - Emerging Arctic Landscapes - BAS
  • 4. A Sunny Day at FredriksbergThe traffic junction, one in a series of large traffic machines located along the Outer Ringroad of Malmö, was discussed.Through a series of evocative actions the hidden qualitative layers of the site is examined. In this way the mono-programatic appearance of the site is questioned by occupying it with everyday activity unfamiliar to it.. - romanticmoments, pic-nic, playing badminton, looking for God..The actions, documented in photos and film, form a loose narrative of a day trip to the site and are to be found in Googlemaps and Youtube. (by Miia-Liina Tommila, Tone Berge, Mathias Kempton and Kristian Bekkenes)When living in a european country I was exposed to ideas about the north as one undifferentiated and vagely definedmass of land - le grand nord - obviously there is a lack of words (and knowledge) to describe what is unknown orunfamiliar«Il y a tant de nords dans ce Nord» comes from the famous French-Canadian geographer Louis-Edmond Hamelin fromhis book Nordicité canadienne (1975).The statement begins a discussion and a theory of the northern and polar as something else and something more thansolely a geographical description defined by latitude.Hamelin created a system of ten factors to calculate nordicity, and took both geographical, technical and human factors,such as: latitude, summer temperature, annual mane temperature and winter cold, types and amounts of rainfall,vegetation, access and availability of land and by sea, air transportation, population, economic activity etc.Each factor was valued from 100 to 100 (where 100 is the extreme north), and the sum of all items accounted for a placeor a regional Vapo (Valeur polaires - Polar value) - all places that summarized more than 200 points was considered to benorthern, and North Pole was valued at a Vapo of 1000On the basis of this proposed Hamelin to redefine the understanding of northern Canada to the extreme north, far north,mid-north and near north. With such a system could define an extremely large, desolate and vaguely defined geographicterritory as a series of manageable areas that easily could understand and handle.Hamelin researched a method that classifies the meanings and consequences of all forms of human intervention, such ascities, mines, roads, dams, power towers, etc. In his method will always landscapes and natural areas denordifisereres,and thus also scales its value as an Arctic nature, through human activities and natural environment.In the opposite direction describes the possibilities for a renordifisering if fields laid waste, or “returned” to nature. It mightseem like a tedious academic exercises, but the absence of a relevant and documented, objective method of valuationand evaluation of the northern provinces - particularly set against the importance and consequences of human activitiesand encroachment.Alessandra Ponte is working on territories that have never been traditionally represented as landscapes; they have notbeen framed, beautified and represented neither as ‘nature’ nor as landscapes until they were appropriated by the energyproducing industry and mediated as landscapes of energy.so, how one sees the world is of course affected by how it is represented - in this cropped map called Europe you caneasily detect what, and who, it represents - and what not..Lots of different attemps to create other representations of the globe exist..MAPPING / OBSERVATION - lecture 290811 - Magdalena Haggärde - Emerging Arctic Landscapes - BAS
  • 5. Buckminster Fuller - dymaxion projection (less distortion than Mercator projection) and in addition to the lack of north andsouth (up and down - with implicated qualities) also presents the world as an island of continents (nearly contiguous landmasses) and not continents separated by oceans - even if the polyhedron can be unfolded to show a continuous ocean.Fuller argued frequently that in the universe there is no “up” and “down”, or “north” and “south”: only “in” and “out” (towardsor away from gravitation centre)Other ‘ups’ and ‘downs’, ‘centres’ and ‘margins’ of the Earth on alternative world map creatorRepresentations influenced by who sees the world - or who’s Cultural bias (the phenomenon of interpreting and judgingphenomena by standards inherent to one’s own culture) - or: who’s subjectivity is interpreted as universal?MAPPING / OBSERVATION - lecture 290811 - Magdalena Haggärde - Emerging Arctic Landscapes - BAS
  • 6. the aztec and the spanish way of depicting the same thing - space as surface or as layers of histories connecting time andspaceThe choice not to describe what you know nothing about - as the unfinished coastlines of Deslisle’s Mappe-Monde (1707)maps connecting and intertwining time, space, stories and expectationsMAPPING / OBSERVATION - lecture 290811 - Magdalena Haggärde - Emerging Arctic Landscapes - BAS