The Crisis In The 17th Century

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The Crisis In The 17th Century

  1. 2. <ul><li>Climatic crisis. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic crisis. </li></ul><ul><li>Social and politics disarrange. </li></ul><ul><li>Demografic crisis. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideologic crisis. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>In the 17th c, the Spanish population declined sharply for several reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of people died as a result of bad harvests and outbreaks of the plague. </li></ul><ul><li>The most serious outbreak was in 1599, and killed almost half a million people. </li></ul>
  3. 4. The expulsion of the Moriscos. Deaths caused by the frequent wars. Emigration to America by people seeking a better life in the New World.
  4. 5. <ul><li>The Spanish economy had grown in the 16th c, but in the 17th c, it went into recession, for various reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture suffered a severe crisis caused by drougths and floods, and bad farming practices. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Craftsmanship declined as cheaper products were imported from northern Europe. Trade declined and trade fairs became less important. In addition, Spanish kings went increasingly into debt and often had to declare bankruptcy. Stockbreeding was disninuyed.
  6. 7. <ul><li>The values of European society encouraged an inactive life. </li></ul><ul><li>The nobles who lived off rents from their land were admired. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>In Spain, precious metals from the Arericas had made the nobles very rich. </li></ul><ul><li>They lived in luxury, while high prices and taxes ruined industry and agriculture. </li></ul><ul><li>Much of the population did no productive work, and lived from begging and crime. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Peasants did not had lands. </li></ul><ul><li>Crafstmen were very poors. </li></ul><ul><li>Nobles did not live with their lands </li></ul><ul><li>People ended lived like they could or beggarliness. </li></ul><ul><li>The Crown of Aragon was who less suffed the crisis. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>This is a letter of the English Embajador in 1640 to Spain. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Respecto al estado de este reino, nunca hubiera podido imaginarme que llegara a verlo como está ahora, pues el pueblo empieza a decaer y los que aún resisten se hallan descorazonados. No tienen un solo hombre con capacidad de mandar un ejército. Las rentas del rey, al cobrarse en monedas de cobre, disminuyen una tercera parte al convertirse en plata. Empiezan ya a echar mano de las vajillas de plata de los particulares que, junto con las iglesias, es todo lo que hay en el reino. La justicia está aquí del todo extinguida y el pueblo casi desespera. Esta monarquía corre grave peligro de arruinarse por completo. </li></ul>

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