• Like

Loading…

Flash Player 9 (or above) is needed to view presentations.
We have detected that you do not have it on your computer. To install it, go here.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
389
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Our Mission Jedediah Smith The mission of the California Department of Parks and Recreation is to provide for the Redwoods health, inspiration and education of the people of California by helping to preserve State Park the state’s extraordinary biological diversity, protecting its most valued natural and Coast redwood forests grow cultural resources, and creating opportunities for high-quality outdoor recreation. naturally only in a narrow strip along the Pacific coastline from central California into southern Oregon. Jedediah Smith Redwoods California State Parks supports equal access. State Park protects 10,000 acres Prior to arrival, visitors with disabilities who need assistance should contact the park at of these first-growth, the phone number below. To receive this publication in an alternate format, write to primeval treasures. the Communications Office at the following address. CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P. O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 For information call: (800) 777-0369 (916) 653-6995, outside the U.S. 711, TTY relay service www.parks.ca.gov Discover the many states of California.™ Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park 1111 2nd Street Redwood National Crescent City, CA 95531 and State Parks (707) 458-3018 (Entrance Station) (707) 458-3496 (Visitor Center) Cover Photo by Stephen Corley. Copyright: Save-the-Redwoods League. © 2003 California State Parks (Rev. 2007) Printed on Recycled Paper
  • 2. J edediah Smith Redwoods State Park, Mississippi River, across the Sierra Nevada named for an American explorer of extra- to the Pacific coast. In 1821, at the age of 22, ordinary courage, is a feast for the eye. he came west and joined the fur-trapping The park protects 10,000 acres of primeval party of General William Ashley. By late redwood groves, a lush undergrowth of rho- 1826 the enterprising young man and two dodendrons and azaleas, and banks of ferns partners had bought out General Ashley. against giant fallen trees. Smith led his party across southern Utah, Here at the confluence of the Smith River Nevada, Arizona, the Mojave Desert and and Mill Creek, summer temperatures range Cajon Pass to Mission San Gabriel, where The scenic Smith River from 45 to 85 degrees, in contrast to the they rested for two months. cool, fog-bound coast. Winter usually brings When Mexican Governor José María ography of the western territories appeared about 100 inches of rain per season, Echeandía ordered them to leave, in newspapers of the day, proving that the with temperatures averaging Smith headed north into the San Sierra Nevada could be safely crossed to between 30 and 65 degrees. Joaquin Valley. In May 1827 he reach California. In a remarkably few years, Snow is rare. went back to Utah to recruit his travels, observations and notes filled in more trappers, but as they PARK HISTORY many blank spaces on the map. re-crossed the Colorado The Tolowa people of River the formerly friendly COAST RedWOOd COunTRY this area shared a similar Mohave Indians attacked, California’s coast redwoods follow the fog and culture with such groups as killing ten men. When Smith thrive in continuous belts at elevations below the Yurok, Hupa, Karok and and his surviving men reached 2,000 feet, where heavy winter rains and mod- Chilula. Their lives were secure Mission San José he was arrested erate year-round temperatures occur. Heights and well ordered until settlers depleted and sent to Governor Echeandía at Mon- sometimes reach 350 feet or more, with a their resources and brought radical envi- terey. Again ordered out of the province, base diameter of about 20 feet. Their root ronmental changes and conflict. European the party went north through the redwoods, systems are broad and shallow, from only a diseases to which the Tolowa had no im- reaching the Smith River in June 1828. Two few inches to six feet underground. munity decreased their numbers, and many years later Smith and his partners sold their The oldest coast redwoods are about 2,000 were sent to the Smith River Reservation. business and returned to St. Louis. But in years of age and show no signs of dying out. Part of the site of Camp Lincoln, built in 1862 1831 he felt the lure of the Santa Fe Trail. They resist insects, fire and rot to a remark- as a buffer between the native people and While seeking water during his last wagon able degree, and their vigor in sprouting the settlers, is located in the park. Tolowa train west, he was killed in a Comanche back when cut or badly burned is an impor- descendents are still present in northern ambush along the Cimarron River. tant factor in their longevity. California, and many continue to practice the Jedediah Smith’s wish was to be “the first old traditions. PlAnT COmmunITIeS to view a country on which the eyes of a white man had never gazed and to follow Feathery ferns, redwood sorrel, salal, tril- WHO WAS JededIAH SmITH? the course of rivers that run through a new lium, Douglas iris and tiger lily are among Jedediah Strong Smith was the first non-native land.” His reports on the geology and ge- the plants that grow beneath redwoods. known to have traveled overland from the Salmonberry, thimbleberry and huckleberry
  • 3. provide wildlife forage, and acres Stout Memorial Grove became its interpretive activities of rhododendrons and azaleas first dedicated grove. The 5,000-acre Summer interpretive programs include bloom from April to June. The National Tribute Grove, dedicated to guided walks, hikes and evening campfires area’s warm climate encour- those who fought during World War on nature and historical subjects. Check the ages many other tree II, was purchased with League funds. park bulletin board to see what is scheduled species, including Spotted owl In May 1994 Jedediah Smith, during your stay. western hemlock, Douglas Del Norte Coast and Prairie Creek acceSSible featuReS fir, big-leaf maple, red alder, Cali- Redwoods State Parks joined with • Fairly level ground around picnic tables fornia laurel, tan oak, madrone and Port Redwood National Park in a coopera- • Some campsites and routes to restrooms Orford cedar, to share the redwood habitat. tive management effort. Their combined • Water spigots in the campground 105,516 acres—including lands that represent Wildlife • The route from the parking lot to the 36 percent of California’s old-growth redwood visitor center; large print exhibit panels; Deer, gray and Douglas squirrels, redwood forest—were designated Redwood National assistance in the sales area chipmunks, raccoons and other small mam- and State Parks. • The route from the visitor center to the mals are common, and bears and mountain lions are sometimes seen. A rare treat is campfire center; firm, level surface and RecReational activitieS the sight of an otter playing in the river or a room for wheelchairs A picnic area near the Smith River offers • Restrooms in picnic area beaver working in a deep pool. The noisy tables and stoves. The swimming beach is Accessibility is continually improving. Please Steller’s jay enjoys stealing food from picnic popular, but the river can be treacherous, call the park or visit http://access.parks.ca.gov tables. Other local birds include American and there is no lifeguard service. Nearby a for the latest information. dippers, varied thrushes, and several spe- nature trail winds through a redwood grove. cies of woodpecker, with an occasional ruffed neaRby State PaRkS fishing grouse, belted kingfisher, osprey, spotted owl • Tolowa Dunes State Park, five miles north Depending on the weather, fishing is good or marbled murrelet. of Crescent City (707) 465-2145 from October to February. Catches of 30- • Del Norte Coast Redwoods State Park, Saving the RedWoodS pound salmon and 20-pound steelhead are seven miles south of Crescent City California’s redwood parks are monuments possible during the seasonal runs. During the (707) 465-2146 to those whose vision preserved their beau- summer, fishing for cutthroat trout is popular. ty. In 1900 concerned citizens helped to camping save the coast redwood groves of Big Basin PleaSe RemembeR Each of the 89 sites has a table, fire ring and near Santa Cruz, and in 1918 the Save-the- • Stay on established trails to avoid com- cupboard, with restrooms nearby. Some sites Redwoods League was formed. The names pacting the soil near tree roots. can accommodate trailers or motorhomes up • Park features, including dead wood, rocks, of several memorial groves at Jedediah to 35 feet (no hookups). Reservations are plants and animals, must not be moved. Smith reflect the generosity of lumbermen recommended between June and Labor Day. • Purchase firewood at the park to avoid the who donated them or preserved them until For reservations, call (800) 444-7275 or visit spread of tree diseases. the League could purchase them. When the www.parks.ca.gov. Hike and bike campsites • Do not feed wildlife; secure all food items. park was established in 1929, the Frank D. near the picnic area are not reservable.
  • 4. Klam ath Sal Riv Ri v m o er er n This park is supported in part through a nonprofit organization. For information contact: North Coast Redwood Interpretive Assn. 127011 Newton B. Drury Parkway, Orick, CA 95555 • (707) 488-2169 www.ncria.org