Federalconstitutional Republic• Defines and limits the power of the The constitution is thenational government, supreme law of the land.• Defines the relationship betweenthe national government andindividual state governments, and• Guarantees the rights of the citizensof the United States.
Executive Legislature Judicial None of these institutions has too much power to rule alone and no individual can be a member of more than one institution.
CONGRESSTHE SENATE THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVESIt`s the upper chamber in the The House of Representatives isbicameral legislature known the lower chamber in thecollectively as Congress, it has bicameral legislature knownbeen the dominant chamber. collectively as Congress.They serve for a period of 6 They serve for a period of 2 years.years.
•Controls the federal budget; has power Legislative (Congress) to borrow money on the credit of the United States. •Has the power to declare war, as well as to raise, support, and regulate the military. •Oversees, investigates, and makes the rules for the government and its officers. •Ratification of treaties signed by the President and gives advice and consent to presidential appointments to the federal judiciary, federal executive departments,•Has sole power of impeachment and other posts (Senate only)(House of Representatives) and trialof impeachments (Senate); canremove federal executive and judicial •Defines by law the jurisdiction of theofficers from office for high crimes federal judiciary in cases not specifiedand misdemeanors. by the Constitution
•It`s the commander-in-chief of the armed forces Executive (President)•Executes the instructions of Congress.•May veto bills passed by Congress The President is elected for a fixed term of four years and•Executes the spending authorized by Congress. may serve a maximum of two terms.•Declares states of emergency and publishesregulations and executive orders.•Makes appointments to the federal judiciary,federal executive departments, and other postswith the advice and consent of the Senate. Haspower to make temporary appointment during therecess of the Senate•Has the power to grant "reprieves andpardons for offenses against the UnitedStates, except in cases of impeachment."
•Determines which laws Congressintended to apply to any given case.•Determines how a law acts todetermine the disposition ofprisoners.•Exercises judicial review,reviewing the constitutionalityof laws. Judicial (Supreme Court) •Federal judges serve for life. •Determines how laws should be interpreted to assure uniform policies.
The first United States President was George President Barack Obama is the Washington, who served from 44th to hold the office. 1789-1797.Abraham Lincoln, James A. Garfield, William John F. Kennedy 1865. 1881. McKinley, 1963 1901
Britain is a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional MonarchBritish Parliament British Monarchy
Political Division EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE JUDICIALThe monarch is thechief of state, and Each of the separatethe prime minister is legal systems inthe head of House of House of England, Wales,government. Lords Commons Northern Ireland and Scotland has their own judiciary.Also called "thegovernment" Parliament and government both playEnforcing laws, a part in forming the laws of themaintaining the United Kingdom. They are separatemilitary and running institutions that work closely together.the vast governmentbureaucracy.
David Cameron EXECUTIVE QUEEN Elizabeth II PRIME MINISTERShe is the constitutional He is chosen by the majority party and isHead of State and carries out the leader of that party in the House ofceremonial duties. She has Commons. The Prime Minister thenfew powers, and those she appoints his Ministers and juniorhas she uses sparingly and Ministers from his elected colleagues.only on the advice of the He is the head of the UK Governmentprime minster. and is ultimately responsible for the policy and decisions of the Government.To make laws, legislation must Oversees the operation of the Civilpass through the House of Service and government agencies,Commons and the House of appoints members of the Cabinet, and isLords and then be approved by the principal government figure in thethe monarch. House of Commons.
LEGISLATIVE AUTHORITY House of House of Lords CommonsThe House of Lords is the second The UK public elects 650 Members ofchamber of the UK Parliament. It is Parliament (MPs) to represent their interestsindependent from, and complements and concerns in the House of Commons. MPsthe work of, the elected House of consider and propose new laws, and canCommons. The Lords shares the task of scrutinize government policies by askingmaking and shaping laws and checking ministers questions about current issues eitherand challenging the work of the in the Commons Chamber or in Committees.government. Its main roles are:They have three main roles: •Examining and challenging the work of the•Making laws government (scrutiny)•In-depth consideration of public policy •Debating and passing all laws (legislation)•Holding government to account. •Enabling the government to raise taxes.