Self Help Groups


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Self Help Groups

  2. 2. HUMAN RIGHTS – SEVEN FREEDOM <ul><ul><li>Freedom from discrimination- e.g. Gender, race, ethnicity, national origin and religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom from fear of threats to personal security, from torture, arbitrary arrest and other violent acts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of thoughts and speech and to participate in decision making and forming associations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom from wants – to enjoy decent standard of living </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><ul><li>Freedom to realize one’s human potential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom from injustice and violation of the rule of laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom for decent work – without exploitation </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. United Nations, Women and Human Rights <ul><li>1945 UN charter </li></ul><ul><li>1946 CSW established </li></ul><ul><li>1948 UN declaration of human rights </li></ul><ul><li>1975 International women’s year </li></ul><ul><li>1975 First World Conference on Women, </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico city </li></ul><ul><li>1976-1985 UN decade for women </li></ul><ul><li>1976 </li></ul><ul><li>--INSTRAW established </li></ul><ul><li>--UNIFEM established </li></ul><ul><li>1979 CEDAW adopted </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>1980 2 nd world conference, Copenhagen </li></ul><ul><li>1985 3 rd world conference, Nairobi </li></ul><ul><li>1995 4 th world conference, Beijing China </li></ul><ul><li>2000 23 rd special session of the GA on women, equality, development and peace (Beijing+5) </li></ul><ul><li>2000 UN millennium development summit </li></ul><ul><li>October 2000 Security council resolution 1325 women, peace and security </li></ul>
  6. 6. THE UNITED NATIONS DECADE FOR WOMEN(1976-1985) <ul><li>Gender equality firmly placed on the global agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Critical role of women in the development process acknowledged </li></ul><ul><li>Adoption of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women by the United Nations General Assembly in 1979 </li></ul><ul><li>Nairobi Forward-Looking Strategies adopted by 157 countries </li></ul><ul><li>International women’s movement expanded its network </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of two United Nations bodies devoted </li></ul><ul><li>exclusively to women: </li></ul>
  7. 7. NAIROBI FORWARD-LOOKING STRATEGIES <ul><li>Enforcement of laws guaranteeing the </li></ul><ul><li>implementation of women’s equality </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in the life expectancy of women to at </li></ul><ul><li>least 65 years in all countries </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of maternal mortality </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination of women’s illiteracy </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion of employment opportunities </li></ul>
  8. 8. Beijing Platform for Action 12 critical Area of Concern <ul><li>Women and Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Education and training of women </li></ul><ul><li>Women and Health </li></ul><ul><li>Violence against women </li></ul><ul><li>Women and Armed Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Women and the Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Women in Power and Decision-Making </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional mechanisms for the Advancement of Women </li></ul><ul><li>Human Rights of Women </li></ul><ul><li>Women and the Media </li></ul><ul><li>Women and the Environment </li></ul><ul><li>The Girl Child </li></ul>
  9. 9. The United Nations Conference On Environment and Development, Rio de Janeiro, 1995 <ul><li>The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development states that: </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Women have a vital role in environmental management and development. Their full participation is therefore essential to achieve </li></ul><ul><li>sustainable development.’ </li></ul>
  10. 10. The World Summit for Social Development, Denmark, March 1995 <ul><li>This major United Nations event addressed gender dimensions in : </li></ul><ul><li>the enhancement of social integration, </li></ul><ul><li>particularly for disadvantaged and marginalized </li></ul><ul><li>groups </li></ul><ul><li>the alleviation and reduction of poverty </li></ul><ul><li>the expansion of productive employment </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Fourth World Conference on Women, Beijing, September 1995 <ul><li>to draw up a Platform for Action to ensure the completion of the unfinished work in implementing the 1985 Nairobi Forward Looking Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>to address the question of how women can be empowered by effective participation in decision making on all issues which affect society </li></ul>
  12. 12. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women <ul><li>Equal rights for women in all fields including political, social, economic, cultural and civil, regardless of their marital status; </li></ul><ul><li>• National legislation to ban discrimination; </li></ul><ul><li>• Temporary special measures to enhance the participation of women in political and public life; </li></ul><ul><li>• Equal access to education and the same choice of curricula; </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Non-discrimination in employment and pay; </li></ul><ul><li>• The guarantee of job security in the event of marriage and maternity; </li></ul><ul><li>• Equal responsibilities of men and women in the context of family life; </li></ul><ul><li>• Special services to enable women to combine family obligations with work responsibilities and participation in public life. </li></ul>
  14. 14. THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS <ul><li>Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve universal primary education </li></ul><ul><li>Promote gender equality and empower women </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce child mortality </li></ul><ul><li>Improve maternal health </li></ul><ul><li>Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure environmental sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a global partnership for development </li></ul>
  15. 15. Beijing +5 Identified New Challenges <ul><li>Globalization </li></ul><ul><li>Macroeconomic policies and external debt </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Violence Against Women </li></ul><ul><li>Population Movements </li></ul><ul><li>HIV/Aids </li></ul><ul><li>Women and Armed Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Role of Men and Boys </li></ul><ul><li>Women and the Media </li></ul><ul><li>Information and Communication Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Women in Power and Decision-making </li></ul>
  16. 16. THANK YOU