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Meeting 29 What is a Civil Rights Movement?: Independence, Gender, and Sexuality
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Meeting 29 What is a Civil Rights Movement?: Independence, Gender, and Sexuality

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  • 1. HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION: 1648 TO PRESENT What Is a Civil Rights Movement?: Independence, Gender, and Sexuality
  • 2. I. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now II. Decolonization and Ideology A. The United Nations “Any attempt aimed at the partial or total disruption of the national unity and the territorial integrity of a country is incompatible with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations.” (UN Declaration Granting Independence to Colonial Countries and People 1960)
  • 3. I. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now II. Decolonization and Ideology A. The United Nations B. Warfare 1. Proxy Wars 2. The Korean War (1950-3) 3. First Vietnam War (19461954) 4. Suez Crisis (1956) a. 5. Gamal Abdel Nasser b. Universal-International News, 5/21/56 Pan-Arabism Algerian War (1956-1962) a. FLN b. Fifth Republic Universal-International News, 1/12/59
  • 4. I. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now II. Decolonization and Ideology A. The United Nations B. Warfare C. Africa D. Consequences 1. Ideology 2. Finance
  • 5. I. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now II. Decolonization and Ideology III. 1968: The Year of Resistance A. The “New Left” 1. Counterculture 2. Media 3. Cold War 4. Imperialism 5. Ideology 6. Civil Rights Herbert Marcuse, Original caption: 7/10/1968-San Diego, CA- Dr. Herbert Marcuse, professor of philosophy at the University of California at San Diego, reports getting threatening letters after it was reported that German revolutionary Rudi Dutschke might enroll for graduate work at USCD. The FBI said July 3rd that it was looking into the matter. He is shown in a close-up here. © Bettmann/CORBIS,
  • 6. I. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now II. Decolonization and Ideology III. 1968: The Year of Resistance A. The “New Left” B. The Prague Spring 1. Writer’s Union Congress 2. Václav Havel (1936- ) 3. Alexander Dubček (1921-1992) 4. “Socialism with a human face” Leonid Brezhnev Alexander Dubček
  • 7. I. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now II. Decolonization and Ideology III. 1968: The Year of Resistance A. The “New Left” B. The Prague Spring 1. Writer’s Union Congress 2. Václav Havel (1936- ) 3. Alexander Dubček (1921-1992) 4. “Socialism with a human face” Wenceslas Square, Aug. 20 1968
  • 8. Youth Climbs on Tank as Smoke Fills Air Original caption: 8/25/1968-Prague, Czechoslovakia- Black smoke fills the street as a Czech youth climbs aboard a Russian tank during demonstration near the Prague radio station August 21st. Photo, taken by a Czech photographer, arrived in the West August 24.
  • 9. I. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now II. Decolonization and Ideology III. 1968: The Year of Resistance A. The “New Left” B. The Prague Spring C. Brezhnev Doctrine The peoples of the socialist countries and Communist parties certainly do have and should have freedom for determining the ways of advance of their respective countries. However, none of their decisions should damage either socialism in their country or the fundamental interests of other socialist countries . . . .
  • 10. I. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now II. Decolonization and Ideology III. 1968: The Year of Resistance A. The “New Left” B. The Prague Spring C. Brezhnev Doctrine Jan Zajic (1950-1969) Jan Palach (1948-1969) Evzen Plocek (1929-1969)
  • 11. I. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now II. Decolonization and Ideology III. 1968: The Year of Resistance A. The “New Left” B. The Prague Spring C. Brezhnev Doctrine Plastic People of the Universe
  • 12. I. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now II. Decolonization and Ideology III. 1968: The Year of Resistance A. The “New Left” B. The Prague Spring C. Brezhnev Doctrine D. Paris Police evacuate the Sorbonne University, occupied by striking students. May 3, 1968
  • 13. I. II. III. IV. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now Decolonization and Ideology 1968: The Year of Resistance The End of the Cold War A. The 1970s 1. Consequences of 1968 a. Feminism Women Protesters with Large Signs, August 26, 1970 (Original caption: Signs of the times are shown here, as about 150 women marched through downtown St. Louis and visited the Mayor's office as part of women's liberation demonstration on the 15th anniversary of ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment, giving women the right to vote on August 26th. The women carried signs supporting legalized abortions, children's day care centers, revolution, and passage of equal rights amendment by Congress). Bettmann/CORBIS
  • 14. I. II. III. IV. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now Decolonization and Ideology 1968: The Year of Resistance The End of the Cold War A. The 1970s 1. Consequences of 1968 a. Feminism b. Sexual Revolution Stonewall Riots, The New York Daily News on Sunday, June 29, 1969
  • 15. I. II. III. IV. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now Decolonization and Ideology 1968: The Year of Resistance The End of the Cold War A. The 1970s 1. Consequences of 1968 a. Feminism b. Sexual Revolution Gay Liberation, 1970
  • 16. I. The End of the Cold War A. The 1970s 1. Consequences of 1968 a. Feminism b. Sexual Revolution Gay Freedom 1970: A Commemorative Pictorial Essay of the First Anniversary of the Gay Liberation Movement. By the Editors of QQ Magazine. New York: Queen's Quarterly Publishing Co., 1970.
  • 17. I. II. III. IV. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now Decolonization and Ideology 1968: The Year of Resistance The End of the Cold War A. The 1970s 1. Consequences of 1968 a. Feminism b. Sexual Revolution • The American Psychiatric Association changes its position on homosexuality (sort of), saying that homosexuality is not a mental disorder in 1973.
  • 18. I. II. III. IV. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now Decolonization and Ideology 1968: The Year of Resistance The End of the Cold War A. The 1970s 1. Consequences of 1968 a. Feminism b. Sexual Revolution c. Anti-nuclear groups Jean Guichard , “Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament Protest in London, October 22, 1983
  • 19. I. II. III. IV. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now Decolonization and Ideology 1968: The Year of Resistance The End of the Cold War A. The 1970s 1. Consequences of 1968 a. Feminism b. Sexual Revolution c. Anti-nuclear groups d. Environmental Movement James Lovelock in front of Gaia Statue, 1990 (www.comby.org )
  • 20. I. II. III. IV. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now Decolonization and Ideology 1968: The Year of Resistance The End of the Cold War A. The 1970s 1. Consequences of 1968 2. Economics a. OPEC and the oil embargo b. The “floating” dollar c. International competition
  • 21. I. II. III. IV. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now Decolonization and Ideology 1968: The Year of Resistance The End of the Cold War A. The 1970s 1. Consequences of 1968 2. Economics 3. Social and Political Consequences a. Tensions b. Right wing Roger Law, Margaret Thatcher Puppet from Spitting Image, ca. 1980s
  • 22. I. II. III. IV. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now Decolonization and Ideology 1968: The Year of Resistance The End of the Cold War A. The 1970s B. Détente to Glasnost 1. Helsinki Conference (1975) 2. Human Rights 3. 1979 a. Iran b. Afghanistan Ismael Ansary , “Mounted Islamic Rebels Prepare for Raid,” January 25, 1980 (Original caption: 1/25/1980- Doab Valley, Afghanistan- Leaving motorcycles behind because of rough terrain, members of Islamic Afghan resistance forces set out on horseback on a raid against Soviet-held positions near Herat, Afghanistan, January 11. Photographer Ismael Ansary accompanied the band of Afghan rebels as they crossed from Iran into Afghanistan on a three-day raid through the Doab Valley. Bettmann/CORBIS)
  • 23. I. II. III. IV. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now Decolonization and Ideology 1968: The Year of Resistance The End of the Cold War A. The 1970s B. Détente to Glasnost 1. Helsinki Conference (1975) 2. Human Rights 3. 1979 4. Poland and Solidarity WALESA SPEAKS TO WORKERS DURING A STRIKE AT THE GDANSK SHIPYARD IN 1980 (Reuters/CORBIS)
  • 24. I. II. III. IV. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now Decolonization and Ideology 1968: The Year of Resistance The End of the Cold War A. The 1970s B. Détente to Glasnost 1. Helsinki Conference (1975) 2. Human Rights 3. 1979 4. Poland and Solidarity 5. Gorbachev a. Glasnost -- “openness” Igor Kostin, “Chernobyl - The Aftermath.” September 1986. The majority of liquidators are reservists, aged 35-40, who were called up to assist with the clean-up operations or those carrying out military service in chemical protection units. The army did not have adequate uniforms adapted for use in radioative conditions, so those enlisted to carry out work on the roof and other highly toxic zones were obliged to cobble together their own clothing, made from lead sheets, measuring 2-4 mm thick. These sheets were cut to size to make aprons to be worn under cotton work-wear designed to cover their bodies in front and behind, especially to protect the spine and bone marrow.
  • 25. I. II. III. IV. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now Decolonization and Ideology 1968: The Year of Resistance The End of the Cold War A. The 1970s B. Détente to Glasnost 1. Helsinki Conference (1975) 2. Human Rights 3. 1979 4. Poland and Solidarity 5. Gorbachev a. Glasnost -- “openness” b. Perestroika -- “restructuring”
  • 26. I. II. III. IV. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now Decolonization and Ideology 1968: The Year of Resistance The End of the Cold War A. The 1970s B. Détente to Glasnost C. 1989 1. Decolonization 2. Tiananmen Square “Goddess of Democracy” in Tiananmen Square, June 1989
  • 27. I. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now II. Decolonization and Ideology III. 1968: The Year of Resistance IV. The End of the Cold War A. The 1970s B. Détente to Glasnost C. 1989 1. Decolonization 2. Tiananmen Square a. BBC Report (http://news.bbc.co.uk/media/vide o/otdvideo/89/06/04/nb/7653_0406-89_4x3_nb.ram) b. Frontline, The Tank Man (http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/fr http://www.cnn.com/resources/video.almanac/1989/index2.html ontline/tankman/view/)
  • 28. I. II. III. IV. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now Decolonization and Ideology 1968: The Year of Resistance The End of the Cold War A. The 1970s B. Détente to Glasnost C. 1989 1. Decolonization 2. Tiananmen Square 3. Eastern Europe a. Berlin Wall b. Velvet Revolution http://www.cnn.com/resources/video.almanac/1989/index3.html#berlin.wall
  • 29. I. II. III. IV. Review of The People’s Century: Freedom Now Decolonization and Ideology 1968: The Year of Resistance The End of the Cold War A. The 1970s B. Détente to Glasnost C. 1989 D. Disintegration of the U.S.S.R. 1. Economy 2. Coup attempt (http://news.bbc.co.uk/media/video/otdvideo/91/08/19/nb/1871_19-08-91_4x3_nb.ram ) 3. Nationalism