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Linking Primary and Secondary by Microformats
 

Linking Primary and Secondary by Microformats

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    Linking Primary and Secondary by Microformats Linking Primary and Secondary by Microformats Presentation Transcript

    • Linking Primary and Secondary Sources by Microformats Matteo Romanello, Univ. quot;Ca' Foscariquot; di Venezia 05/22/08 1
    • Rationale • In the Field of Classics – Electronic publications need to be BOOTSTRAPPED – Scholars need (and deserve) more effective research tools to be provided • Switching from content holding to service providing – Will start a virtuous circle • Publishers (e.g. of e-journals) provide more really effective Value Added Services to scholars • Scholars are encouraged to use online publications • Publishers will invest more money on electronic publishing – Favors the Open Access to research findings • Value Added Services could make the OA economically sustainable • What services are most important for philologists and scholars of Classics? – Canonical references are meaningful entry points to information (see importance of indices locorum within monographs...) – A more powerful linking framework for primary and secondary sources! 2 /14 M. Romanello, Linking Primary and Secondary Sources by Microformats Trends in Computational Philology: Trends in Computational and Formal Philology
    • Linking primary and secondary sources The first attempt... ...an e-scholium on the Web scale Venetus A: Marcianus Graecus Z. 454, <http://chs75.harvard.edu/manuscripts/image-viewer> 3 /14 M. Romanello, Linking Primary and Secondary Sources by Microformats Trends in Computational Philology: Trends in Computational and Formal Philology
    • Actual Scenarios Google search L'Année Philologique search 4 /14 M. Romanello, Linking Primary and Secondary Sources by Microformats Trends in Computational Philology: Trends in Computational and Formal Philology
    • State of the art: tightly coupled approach REFERENCE LINKING FEATURE • Hard-linking (1 to 1 mapping) • Linking system – Peculiar to a given project – Language-dependent – Closed system <!-- Plut. Sol. 19.1 Canonical Text Reference --> <a class=quot;citationquot; target=quot;_blankquot; href=quot;http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=Plut. +Sol.+19.1quot;>Plut. <em>Sol.</em> 19.1</a> 5 /14 M. Romanello, Linking Primary and Secondary Sources by Microformats Trends in Computational Philology: Trends in Computational and Formal Philology
    • Proposal: loosely coupled approach • Desired linking system: – Semantic – Open-ended – Language-neutra • Layers separation: 1) Metadata contained in canonical text references 2) Protocols and Programming Interfaces (API) 3) Services • Glue: – Client side application • Implementation: – Microformats – CTS (Canonical Texts Services) URNs 6 /14 M. Romanello, Linking Primary and Secondary Sources by Microformats Trends in Computational Philology: Trends in Computational and Formal Philology
    • Microformatted references 1 <a class=quot;citationquot; target=quot;_blankquot; href=quot; http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi- 2 bin/ptext?lookup=Plut.+Sol.+19.1quot;> 3 <cite style=quot;quot; class=quot;ctrefquot;> 4 <abbr class=quot;ctauthorquot; title=quot;urn:cts:greekLit:tlg0007quot;>Plut.</abbr> 5 <em> 6 <abbr class=quot;ctworkquot; title=quot;urn:cts:greekLit:tlg0007.tlg007quot;>Sol.</abbr> 7 </em> 8 <abbr class=quot;rangequot; title=quot;19.1quot;>19.1</abbr> 9 <abbr class=quot;editionquot; title=quot;Bernadotte Perinquot;/> 10 </cite> 11 </a> * URNs and implicit information (e.g. Edition statement) are hidden by using Cascading Stylesheets (CSS) -> separation of content and presentation 7 /14 M. Romanello, Linking Primary and Secondary Sources by Microformats Trends in Computational Philology: Trends in Computational and Formal Philology
    • Microformats and CTS URNs • MICROFORMATS – from Blogs and Web 2.0 – Microformats community -> pattern and design principles – Compounds of Plain Old Semantic HTML (POSH) tags – Aimed at embedding semantic data in HTML elements – Interest on semantic encoding of citation formats: hBib draft, Microformat for bibliographic references to modern publications • CTS URNs – Lie on the FRBR (Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records) model – Provide Uniform resource names (isbn:xxxxxxx) for Canonical Texts References – Unambiguous identifiers for • Authors (Homer: urn:cts:greekLit:tlg001) • Works (Iliad: urn:cts:greekLit:tlg001) • Text passages (1.1: urn:cts:greekLit:tlg001.tlg001) • Work Exemplars (Venetus A: 1.1 Holy Cross / Furman Fellows edd.: • urn:cts:greekLit:tlg001.tlg001.greekLit:msA-tei) 8 /14 M. Romanello, Linking Primary and Secondary Sources by Microformats Trends in Computational Philology: Trends in Computational and Formal Philology
    • Microformats suitability • Least Power Rule • Forward-compatibility with Resource Description Framework (RDF) through GRDDL technology • Rapid and Wide success/adoption (FF3 and IE8) • More HTML-compliant than RDFa and eRDF 9 /14 M. Romanello, Linking Primary and Secondary Sources by Microformats Trends in Computational Philology: Trends in Computational and Formal Philology
    • CTS Protocol: building a distributed library 10 /14 M. Romanello, Linking Primary and Secondary Sources by Microformats Trends in Computational Philology: Trends in Computational and Formal Philology
    • CTS Protocol: building a distributed library 11 /14 M. Romanello, Linking Primary and Secondary Sources by Microformats Trends in Computational Philology: Trends in Computational and Formal Philology
    • Microformat for Canonical Text References in action 12 /14 M. Romanello, Linking Primary and Secondary Sources by Microformats Trends in Computational Philology: Trends in Computational and Formal Philology
    • Microformat for Canonical Text References in action 13 /14 M. Romanello, Linking Primary and Secondary Sources by Microformats Trends in Computational Philology: Trends in Computational and Formal Philology
    • What's Next? E-scholium • Semantic parser for canonical texts references: from raw text extracts a microformatted reference Primary Secondary • Figure out new services to be Source Sources built upon CTS URNs and Microformats... – CTS harvester – Aggregator of relevant information from the whole Web – Allows one to browse different exemplars of a works (available Secondary Sources through CTS) and at the same time displays related information (bibliographic records relevant to the reading context) 14 /14 M. Romanello, Linking Primary and Secondary Sources by Microformats Trends in Computational Philology: Trends in Computational and Formal Philology