Aamir Khan Mugheri


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Flood effects and economic issues.by Aamir Ali Khan Mugheri

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Aamir Khan Mugheri

  1. 5. Aamir Ali Mugheri <ul><li>Faisal Khan Brohi </li></ul><ul><li>Khalil Ahmed Mugheri </li></ul><ul><li>Faraz Ahmed Jamali </li></ul><ul><li>Masroor Ahmed Khaskheli </li></ul><ul><li>Ali Akbar Balouch </li></ul>
  2. 6. Economical Causes And Logical Answers
  3. 7. Flood Effects
  4. 8. Flood Effects <ul><li>What is Flood ? </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages and Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>The major Floods in the history of Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Economical Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Logical Reasoning </li></ul><ul><li>How to manage flood ? </li></ul>
  5. 9. What is Flood ?
  6. 10. A Flood Is An Overflow Of An Expanse Of Water That Submerges Land
  7. 11. Kinds Of Flood Floods can also be divided into different categories according to their location
  8. 12. Coastal Floods <ul><li>Coastal floods usually occur along with coastal areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to giant tidal waves created by volcanoes and earthquakes. </li></ul>
  9. 13. River Flood <ul><li>When the actual amount of river is larger than the river “s capacity. </li></ul>
  10. 14. Urban Flood <ul><li>Caused by heavy rains in huge cities. </li></ul>
  11. 15. Flash Floods <ul><li>May occur in seconds or minutes due to heavy rain. </li></ul><ul><li>For example :-Recent 2011 flood in Sindh </li></ul>
  12. 16. Advantages Of Flood <ul><li>Flooding can bring benefit. </li></ul><ul><li>Making soil more fertile. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides beneficial nutrients to the soil. </li></ul><ul><li>After flood crop grow better. </li></ul>
  13. 17. Disadvantages Of Flood <ul><li>Pollution of drinking water. </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure damages. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic hardship. </li></ul><ul><li>A lot of diseases spread. </li></ul><ul><li>Short time decline in economy. </li></ul>
  14. 18. The Major Floods in the History of Pakistan
  15. 19. First Flood in 1947 <ul><li>After few months of independence a flood come in east Pakistan (Bengal) </li></ul><ul><li>Thousand people died due to flood </li></ul><ul><li>10,000,00 tons of rice destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of cattle died </li></ul>
  16. 20. Second flood 1954 <ul><li>Five million people affected </li></ul><ul><li>Fifty thousand people died </li></ul><ul><li>Dhaka cutted from rest province (Bengal) </li></ul><ul><li>Many diseases spread </li></ul>
  17. 21. 3 rd Flood of 1970 <ul><li>0.5 Million people died </li></ul><ul><li>Four million people affected </li></ul><ul><li>President of Pakistan General Yahya Khan cancelled election </li></ul><ul><li>Doubts increases between east Pakistan and west Pakistan </li></ul>
  18. 22. 4 th Flood of 2005 <ul><li>400 People died </li></ul><ul><li>Badin,Thata ,Sialkot,Hafizabad effected </li></ul><ul><li>People migrated </li></ul>
  19. 23. 5 th Flood of 2010 <ul><li>Thousands people died </li></ul><ul><li>Half country was under water </li></ul><ul><li>IMF,USAID,and many other donors helped till 5 months </li></ul>
  20. 24. Economical Effects of flood
  21. 25. <ul><li>It has negative effect because it destroys the crops. </li></ul><ul><li>Flood effects the infrastructure of country like roads,bridges,railway stations etc </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan government estimate the damage near 15 billion dollar which is 10 percent of our GDP (Grass Domestic Product) </li></ul>
  22. 26. <ul><li>Agriculture :-Agriculture includes 25 percent of Pakistan economy and provides employment to 50 percent workers damaged 30 percent at least </li></ul><ul><li>Record decrease in vehicle industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Record increase in Inflation and unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>1.6 million acres of crop destroyed. </li></ul>
  23. 27. <ul><li>War against terror impacted. </li></ul><ul><li>1345 villages destroyed. </li></ul><ul><li>20 million people lost their own shelters. </li></ul><ul><li>30 thousands homes ruined. </li></ul><ul><li>Poultry and fish form industry badly damaged. </li></ul>
  24. 28. Logical Reasons of Flood
  25. 29. Reasons of Flood in Pakistan <ul><li>Heavy rainfall :-Four months of rainfall has fallen in couple days (July 28-30,2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Fire in Russia:-In July 2010 fire started in Russia. many gases produced.50 Died,2000 homes burnt and 1/3 wheat of Russia burnt. </li></ul><ul><li>Snow melt </li></ul>
  26. 30. Other Reasons Of Flood <ul><li>Dam collapse </li></ul><ul><li>Snow melt </li></ul><ul><li>Tsunami caused by under water earthquake. </li></ul>
  27. 31. How to Manage The Flood <ul><li>Effective flood risk management is essential to ensure the success. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two ways of managing floods to reduce their impacts. </li></ul><ul><li>1-Soft Engineering </li></ul><ul><li>2-Hard Engineering </li></ul>
  28. 32. Hard Engineering <ul><li>These are traditional methods of stopping flood and require complicated engineering. </li></ul><ul><li>For example :- </li></ul><ul><li>Making Dams </li></ul><ul><li>Deepen the river </li></ul><ul><li>Make storage area for extra water. </li></ul>
  29. 33. Soft Engineering <ul><li>It is balance of how valuable the land is, how many people will be effected. </li></ul>
  30. 34. Forestation <ul><li>There are planted near to river. </li></ul><ul><li>It is cheaper source. </li></ul>
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