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  • Includes 9/1 am updates from Jim Rezendes

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  • 如何采用虚拟化降低服务器整体拥有成本 -英特尔案例 梁岩 英特尔 ® 企业解决方案 中国大区技术部经理
  • 虚拟化的商业价值 服务器集成 多应用 / 操作系统 - 在很多情况下是 10:1 HW HW HW VMM 灾难恢复 HW VMM HW VMM 支持高级 业务连贯性 HW VMM HW VMM 利用头空间平衡利用率 动态负载平衡 操作系统 应用程序 1 CPU 使用 30% CPU 使用 90% 支持快速部署 研发 生产 HW VMM 更高的利用率和独立性,更低的总体拥有成本 … 操作系统 应用程序 操作系统 应用程序 操作系统 应用程序 … 操作系统 应用程序 操作系统 应用程序 2 操作系统 App 3 操作系统 应用程序 … 操作系统 应用程序 操作系统 应用程序 操作系统 应用程序 操作系统 应用程序 … 操作系统 应用程序 操作系统 应用程序 2
  • 价值 VS. 成本- TCO 考虑 System operations Operations Application operations End user operations End-User Usage Productivity loss System software Technical infrastructure Hardware/Software Ongoing Costs Application software TCO Model Business setup Testing Implementation Hardware/Software Investment Process design Project management Training Upgrade Projects Continuous Improvement Projects System software Technical infrastructure Application software Organizational change Technical setup Continuous business improvements Continuous technical improvements Rollouts System upgrade Application upgrade Invest. costs Ongoing costs 我们如何估算虚拟化为 TCO 带来的益处呢? Level 3 Level 3 Level 3 Level 3 Level 3 Level 3 Level 3 Level 3 Level 3 Level 3 Level 3 Level 3 Level 3 Level 3 Level 3 Level 3 Level 3 Level 3 Level 3 Level 3 Level 3 Level 3
  • 英特尔案例
    • 项目综述
    • 项目背景
    • 虚拟化平台比较
    • TCO 影响
    • 总结
  • 项目综述
    • Intel IT 测试表明 Intel® 5000P 平台系列和 Intel ® 四核至强 ® 处理器 X5355 是企业理想的虚拟化平台,配合 VMware* ESX Server 3.01 运行典型 IT 负载 .
      • 领先的系统性能
      • 卓越的 performance/$ 为企业带来更低的服务器运营成本
      • 更好的 performance/watt 使其更适合大型数据中心
      • 提升的 performance/software license 表明便于企业降低软件费用
    • Intel 四核至强处理器 X5355 提供业界领先的性能 / 成本 , 性能 / 瓦, 主要依于以下优势:
      • 基于 65 nm 的制程技术
      • 英特尔 ® 酷睿架构的先进性
        • Intel® Wide Dynamic Execution.
        • Intel® Intelligent Power Capability.
        • Intel® Smart Memory Access.
        • Intel® Advanced Smart Cache.
      • 5000P 平台优势
        • 两个独立 1,333 MHz 总线
        • Fully Buffered DIMM (FBD) 内存
    Performance comparisons made using an internal virtualization workload on Dual-Core Intel Xeon 5160 vs. Quad-Core Intel Xeon 5300 Series vs. Dual-Core AMD Opteron 2220SE and 885 systems. Actual performance may vary. See your Intel representative for more information. Intel Virtualization Technology requires a computer system with a processor, chipset, BIOS, virtual machine monitor (VMM) and applications enabled for virtualization technology. Functionality, performance or other virtualization technology benefits will vary depending on hardware and software configurations. Virtualization technology-enabled BIOS and VMM applications are currently in development.
  • 内容
    • 测试项目目标
    • 测试技术重点
    • 应用负载测试介绍
    • 配置拓扑介绍
    • 关键体会
    • 项目综述
    • 项目背景
    • 虚拟化平台比较
    • TCO 影响
    • 总结
  • POC 项目目标
    • 项目介绍
    • 虚拟化测试基于以下系统 :
    • 基于 Intel® Xeon® 双核处理器 5160 (Woodcrest 3.0 GHz) 的服务器
    • 基于 Intel 至强四核处理器 X5355 (Clovertown 2.66 GHz) 的服务器
    • 基于 Opteron 2220SE* 处理器 (socket-F 2.8 GHz) 的服务器 (2 路 )
    • 基于双核 Opteron 885* 处理器 ( 2.6 GHz ) 的服务器 ( 4 路或更多路 )
    • 采用 基于 VMware ESX Server 3.0.1* 的虚拟机 (VMs) 来运行 IT 负载
    • 项目主要目标
    • 验证 Intel® 5000P 平台和 Intel® 四核至强 Xeon® 处理器 X5355 is the optimal
    • platform for running typical IT workloads with VMware* ESX Server 3.01.
    • 项目需求
    • 较好的 IT 负载规划
    • 可衡量目标
    • 对系统形成适当压力
    • 可重复
    *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries.
  • 测试项目焦点
    • 焦点部分
    • 性能
    • 性能 / 成本
    • 性能 / 瓦
    • 性能 / 软件版税成本
    *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries.
    • 理由
    • 绝对性能是一个重要的参考因素,并同时对以下几个方面有较大影响 :
      • 性能 / 成本
      • 性能 / 瓦
      • 性能 / 软件版税成本
      • 以上三个指标反映了整个 TCO 的各个侧面
    • 绝对性能还会直接影响其它 TCO 指标例如人员成本指标等
    • 是 TCO 的主要指标,单位购买成本下更高的性能直接降低了 TCO
    • 与数据中心承建成本直接相关;同时,更高的性能 / 瓦直接降低了电力和散热的运营费用。总的来看对高性能 / 瓦会降低数据中心的 TCO
    • 更高的性能 / 软件版税成本能够使企业以较低的软件成本运行更多的虚拟机 (VMs) 来共享软件带来的版税成本,从而降低 TCO
  • 测试步骤
    • 选择有代表性的 32 位 IT 负载
      • 32-bit VMs ( 主流虚拟环境为 32-bit)
    • 每套测试中加载 2-5 个 VMs ( 将利用率压至 60-80%+)
    • 创建一系列 VMs ( OLTP ,邮件,报表等应用)并通过 SAN 环境将其连至不同服务器上进行测试
    • 采用 VMWare ESX Server 3.0.1* 进行性能测试 ( 包括耗电 ) 并对多次重复测试结果进行平均
    • 在多个平台上稳定测试状态
    • 通过测试确定各服务器性能,性能 / 成本和性能 / 瓦
    • 对 TCO 进行比较
    NOTE: See APPENDIX for more information regarding normalization *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries.
  • 测试负载概述
    • 负载
    • OLTP ( 中型 ) – 2 vcpu VMs
    • OLTP – L ( 大型 ) – 4 vcpu VMs
    • 邮件分析应用
    • 业务报表应用
    • 企业目录
    *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries. 描述 IT 数据库技术组对 OLTP 平台进行评估,包括软件环境,应用环境,软件版本,应用性能等方面。 对邮件系统的信息流进行评估核分析,包括邮件类别,存储 I/O 带宽以及线程分析等。 代表了企业里最常用的多种查询报表系统:财务报表,客户信息等等。同时测试里包括通用 web 应用用于报表的连接 IT 企业目录管理部门用于评估在不同平台上的服务器性能,版本机配置情况。 NOTE: All workloads tested individually i.e., one workload at a time—typically with multiple instances, no mixed workloads. Please see APPENDIX for more information
  • 测试拓扑架构 VMware ESX Server 3.0.1* 存储设备 SAN 客户端 LAN LUNs RAID-5 (15 drives) 测试系统 *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries. LAN local area network LUN logical unit number SAN storage area network VMware ESX Server 3.0.1 build-32039* 虚机
  • 内容
    • 项目综述
    • 项目背景
    • 虚拟化平台比较
    • TCO 影响
    • 总结
    • 裸性能测试结果
    • 性能 / $ 测试结果
    • 性能 / 瓦测试结果
    • 性能 / 软件版税成本测试结果
  • 测试结果 : “ 裸” 性能 *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries.
    • 基于 Intel® 至强 ® 处理器 X5355
    • 的服务器
    • 比 基于 Opteron* 885 处理器的 4 路系统高 1.25 倍。
    • 比基于 Opteron* 2220SE 处理器的两路服务器( Socket F )高 2.33 倍
    • Enablers of superior Intel Xeon processor X5355 performance
    • Quad-core
    • Intel® Core™2 micro-architecture
      • Intel® Wide Dynamic Execution (4-wide)
      • Intel® Advanced Smart Cache (4 MB, shared)
      • Intel® Smart Memory Access maximize system bus bandwidth and hide latency
    • Platform: 2 dedicated 1,333 MHz buses with FBD memory
    107% 14% Intel Xeon X5355 处理器提供了卓越的整合能力(绝对性能) Performance comparisons made using an internal virtualization workload on Dual-Core Intel Xeon 5160 vs. Quad-Core Intel Xeon 5300 Series vs. Dual-Core AMD Opteron 2220SE and 885 systems. Actual performance may vary. See your Intel representative for more information. Intel Virtualization Technology requires a computer system with a processor, chipset, BIOS, virtual machine monitor (VMM) and applications enabled for virtualization technology. Functionality, performance or other virtualization technology benefits will vary depending on hardware and software configurations. Virtualization technology-enabled BIOS and VMM applications are currently in development. 2.33x 1.25x 基于 VMware* ESX Server 3.01 上的负载测试
  • 测试结果 : 性能 / 成本 1 *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries.
    • 基于 Intel® 至强 ® X5355 处理器的服务器系统
    • 比基于 Opteron× 885 处理器的 4 路系统高出 1.94 倍的性能 / 成本
    • 比基于 Opteron 2220SE 的 2 路服务器系统( Socket –F )高出 1.83 倍的性能 / 成本
    • Enablers of superior Intel Xeon processor X5355 performance/cost
    • Intel® Core™2 micro-architecture, platform and 65 nm process advancements (see previous page)
    基于 Intel 至强 X5355 (2.66 GHz) 的服务器提供优越的 性能 / 成本为企业有效降低购买成本 1. 测试基于所有服务器具有 15% 的报价折扣 Performance comparisons made using an internal virtualization workload on Dual-Core Intel Xeon 5160 vs. Quad-Core Intel Xeon 5300 Series vs. Dual-Core AMD Opteron 2220SE and 885 systems. Actual performance may vary. See your Intel representative for more information. Intel Virtualization Technology requires a computer system with a processor, chipset, BIOS, virtual machine monitor (VMM) and applications enabled for virtualization technology. Functionality, performance or other virtualization technology benefits will vary depending on hardware and software configurations. Virtualization technology-enabled BIOS and VMM applications are currently in development. 77% 63% 1.83x 1.94x 基于 VMware* ESX Server 3.01 上的负载测试
  • 测试结果 : 性能 / 瓦 1 *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries.
    • 基于 Intel® 至强 ® X5355 的服务器系统
    • 比基于 Opteron* 885 的 4 路服务器系统高出 1.46 倍的性能 / 瓦
    • 比基于 Opteron 2220SE 的 2 路服务器 (socket-F) 高 1.97 倍的性能 / 瓦
    • Enablers of superior Intel Xeon processor X5355 performance/watt
    • Intel® Intelligent Power Capability. Significant power savings without sacrificing responsiveness
      • Advanced power gating
      • Split buses/arrays
      • Micro-op fusion
    • Advanced 65 nm process
    1. Power is measured “at the wall.” Performance comparisons made using an internal virtualization workload on Dual-Core Intel Xeon 5160 vs. Quad-Core Intel Xeon 5300 Series vs. Dual-Core AMD Opteron 2220SE and 885 systems. Actual performance may vary. See your Intel representative for more information. Intel Virtualization Technology requires a computer system with a processor, chipset, BIOS, virtual machine monitor (VMM) and applications enabled for virtualization technology. Functionality, performance or other virtualization technology benefits will vary depending on hardware and software configurations. Virtualization technology-enabled BIOS and VMM applications are currently in development. 35% 70% 1.97x 1.46x 基于 Intel 至强 X5355 (2.66 GHz) 的服务器提供优越的 性能 / 瓦能力为数据中心有效降低运营成本 基于 VMware* ESX Server 3.01 上的负载测试
  • 测试结果 : 性能 / 软件版税成本 1 *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries.
    • 基于 Intel® 至强 ® X5355 的服务器系统
    • 比基于 Opteron* 885 的四路服务器高出 2.49 倍的性能 / 软件版税成本
    • 比基于 Opteron 2220SE 的 2 路服务器( Socket –F )系统高出 2.33 倍的性能 / 软件版税成本
    • Enablers of superior Intel Xeon processor X5355 performance/software license cost
    • VMware* ESX Server 3.0.1 is licensed per socket
    • Superior Intel Xeon processor X5355 performance per socket
    基于 Intel 至强 X5355 (2.66 GHz) 的服务器提供优越的 性能 / 软件版税成本能有效降低软件购买费用 1. Used list prices for VMware Virtual Infrastructure Enterprise* for these calculations. Performance comparisons made using an internal virtualization workload on Dual-Core Intel Xeon 5160 vs. Quad-Core Intel Xeon 5300 Series vs. Dual-Core AMD Opteron 2220SE and 885 systems. Actual performance may vary. See your Intel representative for more information. Intel Virtualization Technology requires a computer system with a processor, chipset, BIOS, virtual machine monitor (VMM) and applications enabled for virtualization technology. Functionality, performance or other virtualization technology benefits will vary depending on hardware and software configurations. Virtualization technology-enabled BIOS and VMM applications are currently in development. 128% 107% 2.33x 2.49x
  • 内容
    • 成本比较总览
    • TCO 主要方面
    • 关键假设
    • TCO 影响 – 详细数据
    • TCO 分析总结
    • 项目综述
    • 项目背景
    • 虚拟化平台比较
    • TCO 影响
    • 总结
  • 成本比较总览 *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries. 基于 Intel 至强 X5355 (2.66 GHz) 的服务器系统以两路的价格提供了超过竞争者四路的性能 = 革命性的虚拟化平台选择 Performance comparisons made using an internal virtualization workload on Dual-Core Intel Xeon 5160 vs. Quad-Core Intel Xeon 5300 Series vs. Dual-Core AMD Opteron 2220SE and 885 systems. Actual performance may vary. See your Intel representative for more information. Intel Virtualization Technology requires a computer system with a processor, chipset, BIOS, virtual machine monitor (VMM) and applications enabled for virtualization technology. Functionality, performance or other virtualization technology benefits will vary depending on hardware and software configurations. Virtualization technology-enabled BIOS and VMM applications are currently in development . 1 See page titled “System Pricing Information and Assumptions” 2 See page titled “VMware* Infrastructure 3 Packaging” 1 2
  • TCO : 主要环节 1 1. See APPENDIX for more information.
    • 服务器购买成本
    • 数据中心承建成本
    • 数据中心运营成本
    • VMware Virtual Infrastructure 3* 软件成本
    • 数据中心布线成本
    • Storage area network (SAN) switch 端口成本
    • Local area network (LAN) switch 端口成本
    • 支持人员成本 ( 仅考虑物理服务器支持 — 安装 , 管理和维护 , VMware ESX Server 3.0.1* 支持等
      • 我们假设所有 VM 支持都是一样的,不计入 TCO 计算
    • 以上项目的按年 TCO 折旧
    *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries.
  • TCO 模型 : 关键假设 *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries. Performance comparisons made using an internal virtualization workload on Dual-Core Intel Xeon 5160 vs. Quad-Core Intel Xeon 5300 Series vs. Dual-Core AMD Opteron 2220SE and 885 systems. Actual performance may vary. See your Intel representative for more information. Intel Virtualization Technology requires a computer system with a processor, chipset, BIOS, virtual machine monitor (VMM) and applications enabled for virtualization technology. Functionality, performance or other virtualization technology benefits will vary depending on hardware and software configurations. Virtualization technology-enabled BIOS and VMM applications are currently in development. 15% 估算的价格折扣 USD 3,000 , 10 年 估算的每机柜铜线及光纤的费用,包括折旧 LAN/SAN 端口和布线 USD 300 , 4 年 估算的 GbE LAN 端口成本 , 包括折旧 USD 700 , 4 年 估算的光光纤 FC SAN 端口成本 , 包括折旧 6 GbE (LAN), 2 FC (SAN) 估算的 LAN/SAN 端口 / 服务器 25 SF 典型 平方英尺 (SF)/ 机柜 估算 多少物理服务器 / 支持人员 估算每年支持人员成本 典型每度电成本 典型数据中心承建费用 典型折旧周期 典型耗电和制冷消耗放大因子 每平方英尺耗电 (WPSF) 繁忙时间 VMware Virtual Infrastructure 3 Enterprise* 公开报价 估算的 虚机 / 服务器 ( 基于准则 ) 测量的绝对性能 ( 系统计算能力 ) 测量的功耗 ( 繁忙 , 空闲 ) (est. for X5355 24G ) 服务器价格估算 – 15% 折扣 – 包括 16 GB 内存 (4 核 相同 ), 24 GB 内存 ( 8 核系统 ) , 双口 HBA (USD ~1,500), 四端口 NIC (USD ~500) 项目 假设 类别 8 VMs / 基于 Opteron 2220SE 处理器的服务器 USD 5,750 / 双路 ; 4 年 软件 USD 100,000 每人每年 支持成本 250 物理服务器 / 支持人员 支持能力 USD 0.08 USD 1,000 / 平方英尺 7 AM – 7 PM (12 小时 ) 使用时间 服务器信息 15 年 2.0x 80 数据中心
  • TCO 分析注解
    • 服务器价格可能因不同厂家而不同 – 这里 TCO 模型所用价格为参考价格
    • 基于 Intel® Xeon® X5355 的服务器在测试中使用的是 16GB 内存,而在 TCO 模型中电耗用的内存为 24G. 估算的公式如下 :
    • 估算 “繁忙” 功耗 (24G) = 测量的 “繁忙” 功耗 (16G) + 4 (2G DIMMs) * 10.5 W / DIMM
    • 估算 “ 空闲” 功耗 (24G) = 测量的 “空闲” 功耗 (16G) + 4 (2G DIMMs) * 7.5 W / DIMM
    • 系统计算能力 (Opteron 2220SE* = 0.78, Xeon 5160 = 1, Opteron 885* = 1.42 and Xeon X5355 = 1.62) 表明经过优化的系统在 8 核系统上比在 4 核系统上用了 1.5 倍的内存( 24GB 对 16GB )
    • 这里对于 Opteron 2220SE* 支撑 8 个 VMs 的基准假设是为了更方便其它系统与其相比
    *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries.
  • 整体拥有成本相关数据 ( 越低越好 ) 运营成本 , 软件费用 , LAN/SAN 和数据中心 Intel® Xeon® processor X5355 在虚拟化方面为客户带来较大成本节省 *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries. 更好的性能 / 成本 最高性能表示最少服务器 最高的性能 / 软件版税成本 最好的性能 / 瓦 最好的性能 / 瓦 最高的性能表示最少的服务器
  • *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries. 基于 Intel Xeon X5355 处理器的服务器系统能够比竞争对手降低整体拥有成本达 37-40% Intel Xeon x5355 的卓越定位使得客户在固定预算下获取更多虚拟化能力并有效降低拥有成本 整体拥有成本分析结果 基于 Intel® Xeon® X5355 处理器的服务器系统在相同的拥有成本情况下能提供超越竞争对手 66 % 的虚拟机环境。 - 37% - 40%
  • 项目总结
    • Intel IT 测试表明 Intel® 5000P 平台系列和 Intel ® 四核至强 ® 处理器 X5355 是企业理想的虚拟化平台,配合 VMware* ESX Server 3.01 运行典型 IT 负载 .
      • 领先的系统性能
      • 卓越的 performance/$ 为企业带来更低的服务器运营成本
      • 更好的 performance/watt 使其更适合大型数据中心
      • 提升的 performance/software license 表明便于企业降低软件费用
    • Intel 四核至强处理器 X5355 提供业界领先的性能 / 成本 , 性能 / 瓦, 主要依于以下优势:
      • 基于 65 nm 的制程技术
      • 英特尔 ® 酷睿架构的先进性
        • Intel® Wide Dynamic Execution.
        • Intel® Intelligent Power Capability.
        • Intel® Smart Memory Access.
        • Intel® Advanced Smart Cache.
      • 5000P 平台优势
        • 两个独立 1,333 MHz 总线
        • Fully Buffered DIMM (FBD) 内存
    Performance comparisons made using an internal virtualization workload on Dual-Core Intel Xeon 5160 vs. Quad-Core Intel Xeon 5300 Series vs. Dual-Core AMD Opteron 2220SE and 885 systems. Actual performance may vary. See your Intel representative for more information. Intel Virtualization Technology requires a computer system with a processor, chipset, BIOS, virtual machine monitor (VMM) and applications enabled for virtualization technology. Functionality, performance or other virtualization technology benefits will vary depending on hardware and software configurations. Virtualization technology-enabled BIOS and VMM applications are currently in development.
  • 附件 (英文资料)
  • OLTP Workload *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries. ESX Server 3.0.1* Storage Frame SAN Driver Clients 1-4 LAN LUNs RAID-5 (15 drives) Database server Guest VMs 1-4 System under Test 3.6 2 4 Database server VMs each one driven by its own client “driver” VM Mem GB Vcpu per VM VMs Test workload used by IT Database Technology staff to evaluate OLTP platform of different platforms, S/W releases etc; it is a multi-threaded work-load Workload Description Primary: Average (aggregated across all 4 VMs) transactions per second (TPS) Others: Number of Users (Input), Average Response time (Output) Key Metrics Load up VMs by increasing simulated user count (identically across all 4 VMs) until ESX utilization approaches 65%; Same VMs/workloads run on all systems tested Test Strategy Normalize results to 65% utilization Normalization strategy Description Item
  • OLTP: Large Workload ESX Server 3.0.1* Storage Frame SAN Driver Clients 1-4 LAN LUNs RAID-5 (15 drives) Database server Guest VMs 1-2 System under Test *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries. 3.6 4 2 Database server VMs each one driven by its client “driver” VM Mem GB Vcpu per VM VMs Test workload used by IT Database Technology staff to evaluate OLTP platform of different platforms, S/W releases etc; it is a multi-threaded work-load Workload Description Primary: Average (aggregated across both VMs) transactions per second (TPS) Others: Number of Users (Input), Average Response time (Output) Key Metrics Load up VMs by increasing simulated user count (identically across the 2 VMs) until ESX utilization approaches 65%; Same VMs/workloads run on all systems tested Test Strategy Normalize results to 65% utilization Normalization strategy Description Item
  • Email Metrics Workload *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries. ESX Server 3.0.1* Storage Frame SAN LUNs RAID-5 (15 drives) Email Metrics Guest VMs 1-4 System under Test 4 2 (All systems) 4 Database server VMs each one running one email metrics report VM Mem GB Vcpu per VM VMs Reports used by IT Messaging engineering and product management to analyze Email messaging metrics; storage bandwidth and compute intensive; can use up to 2 threads per VM Workload Description Email metrics reports per hour aggregated across all VMs Key Metrics Execute all VMs concurrently – representing concurrent execution of 4 email reports Record average ESX server utilization to achieve measured/reported results Same VMs/workloads run on all systems tested Test Strategy Normalize results to 65% utilization Normalization strategy Description Item
  • Enterprise Directory Workload *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries. ESX Server 3.0.1* Storage Frame SAN Driver Clients 1-4 LAN LUNs RAID-5 (15 drives) Directory server Guest VMs 1-4 System under Test 2 2 VM Mem GB 100% (8 vcpu on 8 cores) 2 (8-core systems) 4 Directory server VMs each one driven by its own client “driver” 100% (4 vcpu on 4 cores) 2 (4-core systems) 2 Directory server VMs each one driven by its own client “driver” vCpu over-subscription Vcpu per VM VMs Test workload used by IT Directory engineering team to evaluate Directory server performance of different platforms, releases, configurations etc; it is a multi-threaded work-load Workload Description Primary: LDAP searches per second aggregated across all VMs (4 VMs on systems with 8 cores; 2 VMs on systems with 4 cores) Others: total execution time Key Metrics Load up VMs by increasing simulated user count (identically across all VMs) until ESX utilization approaches 65%; 4 VMs on systems with 8 cores; 2 VMs on systems with 4 cores – comparable over-subscription levels on all systems and yielded best results on all systems tested Test Strategy Normalize results to 65% utilization Normalization strategy Description Item
  • Business Reporting Application Workload ESX Server 3.0.1* Storage Frame SAN Driver Client LAN LUNs RAID-5 (15 drives) 2 (4-core) or 4 (8-core) web server guest VMs 1 Database server Guest VM System under Test *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries. Representative of a highly utilized set of enterprise reports served to a large number of users - financial reports, customer data etc... . Included in the testing is also some general Website navigation to exercise web servers; heavily multi-threaded workload Workload Description Transaction per second aggregated across all VMs as well as average response time are the application metrics of interest Key Metrics Load up VMs by increasing simulated user count (identically across all VMs) at various load levels Same VMs/workloads run on all systems tested (except on 4 core systems only 2 front-end VMs were enabled and the backend VM was downsized to 2 vcpus (compared with 4 vcpu on the 8 core systems) – this “difference” resulted in comparable vcpu “over-subscription” (1.5X) on all systems Test Strategy Normalize results to 65% utilization Normalization strategy Description Item 4 core systems 8 core systems 2 4 2 4 VM Memory GB 150% (12 vcpu on 8 cores) 4 1 Database reporting server servicing requests from the front-end web server VMs 2 Load balanced 4 web server VMs driven by one client “driver” simulating variable number of users 150% (6 vcpu on 4 cores) 2 1 Database reporting server 2 Load balanced 2 web server VMs vCpu over-subscription Vcpu per VM VMs
  • *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries. System Configurations
  • VMware* Infrastructure 3 Packaging *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries. Above diagram copyrighted by VMware, used by permission Self-optimizing data center Department/ data center Remote office/ retail office Target Enterprise Standard Starter USD 5,750 USD 3,750 USD 1,000 Price (per 2-processor, North America) Consolidated backup VMware VMotion* VMware Virtual SMP* VMware VMFS* cluster file system VMware VirtualCenter Agent* VMware ESX Server 3* DRS (Distributed Resource Scheduling) HA (High Availability)
  • Data Normalization
    • Application Performance Normalization
    • Where applicable, 1 normalize application performance metrics to a fixed (typically
    • 65 percent depending on the workload) average processor utilization
    • Rationale
    • Natural fit with virtual machine (VM) deployment model where multiple VMs share resources and application performance relative to compute resource consumption is of primary significance
    • Eliminates measurement deltas arising due to:
      • Slight differences in average processor utilization
      • Some VMs completing earlier than others (all server processor cores NOT used during later stages)
      • (I/O intensive workloads only)
        • impacts of external I/O potential bottlenecks
        • subtle variations in configuration of I/O subsystem
    • Power Consumption Normalization
    • Where the measured utilization was more than 75%, then power consumption at 65% was
    • estimated from other tests where the utilization was measured close to 65%
    • 1. Linear scaling within the normalization range was verified to the extent possible
    *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries.
  • Relative Metrics (1 of 2) *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries. Performance comparisons made using an internal virtualization workload on Dual-Core Intel Xeon 5160 vs. Quad-Core Intel Xeon 5300 Series vs. Dual-Core AMD Opteron 2220SE and 885 systems. Actual performance may vary. See your Intel representative for more information. Intel Virtualization Technology requires a computer system with a processor, chipset, BIOS, virtual machine monitor (VMM) and applications enabled for virtualization technology. Functionality, performance or other virtualization technology benefits will vary depending on hardware and software configurations. Virtualization technology-enabled BIOS and VMM applications are currently in development.
  • Relative Metrics (2 of 2) *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries. Performance comparisons made using an internal virtualization workload on Dual-Core Intel Xeon 5160 vs. Quad-Core Intel Xeon 5300 Series vs. Dual-Core AMD Opteron 2220SE and 885 systems. Actual performance may vary. See your Intel representative for more information. Intel Virtualization Technology requires a computer system with a processor, chipset, BIOS, virtual machine monitor (VMM) and applications enabled for virtualization technology. Functionality, performance or other virtualization technology benefits will vary depending on hardware and software configurations. Virtualization technology-enabled BIOS and VMM applications are currently in development.
  • System Pricing Information and Assumptions *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Intel, the Intel logo and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the US or other countries.
  •