Sections of a researchpaper<br />María Guadalupe García<br />
Abstract<br />Theabstractisactuallythefirstsection of a report, comingafterthetitle and beforetheintroduction. Theabstract...
Order of typicalelementsincluded in anabstract<br />Somebackgroundinformation.<br />The principal activity (orpurpose)of t...
Introduction<br />Itserves as anorientationforreaders of thereport,givingthemtheperspectivetheyneedtounderstandthedetailed...
theresearchfitsinto a widerfield of study.Inthisstageyouestablish a settingforyourresearchtopic.<br />In stage II  youesta...
Thereview of literatureservesthreeimportantfunctions.<br />First, itcontinuestheprocessstarted in Stage I of givingyourrea...
Third, itestablishesyourstudy as one link in a chain of researchthatisdeveloping and enlargingknowledege in yourfield.<br ...
workis done in threeadditionalstages, whichwedesignate as III,IV, and V. Stage III indicatesanareathatisnottreated in thep...
Method<br />It describes thestepsyoufollowed in conductingyourstudy and thematerialsyouused at eachstep.<br />Themethodsec...
Results<br />In thispart, youpresentthefindings of yourstudy and brieflycommentthem. Somewriterscallthissection “ results ...
Discussion<br />Itisthelastmajorsection of thereport, followedbythelist of references. Sometimes ,thissectioniscalled “con...
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Sections of a research paper

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Transcript of "Sections of a research paper"

  1. 1. Sections of a researchpaper<br />María Guadalupe García<br />
  2. 2. Abstract<br />Theabstractisactuallythefirstsection of a report, comingafterthetitle and beforetheintroduction. Theabstractprovidesthereaderwith a briefpreview of yourstudybasedoninformationfromtheothersections of thereport. Itisoftenthelastpart of thereporttobewritten.<br />
  3. 3. Order of typicalelementsincluded in anabstract<br />Somebackgroundinformation.<br />The principal activity (orpurpose)of thestudy and itsscope.<br />Someinformationaboutthemethodologyused in thestudy.<br />Themostrelevantresults of thestudy.<br />A statement of conclusionorrecommendation.<br />
  4. 4. Introduction<br />Itserves as anorientationforreaders of thereport,givingthemtheperspectivetheyneedtounderstandthedetailedinformationcoming in thelatersections.<br />It can bedividedinto 5 parts:<br />Stage I<br />Thewriterestablishes a context, orframe of reference, tohelpreadersunderstandhow<br />
  5. 5. theresearchfitsinto a widerfield of study.Inthisstageyouestablish a settingforyourresearchtopic.<br />In stage II youestablish a settingforyourresearchtopic. Thisiswhy, sometimesitiscalledthereview of literature. Itisessentiallyanorganizedcollection of references, orcitationstootherworkswhich are listed in a separatesection at theend of yourreport.<br />
  6. 6. Thereview of literatureservesthreeimportantfunctions.<br />First, itcontinuestheprocessstarted in Stage I of givingyourreadersbackgroundinformationneededtounderstandyourstudy.<br />Second, itassuresyourreadersthatyou are familiar withtheimportantresearchthat has beencarriedout in yourarea.<br />
  7. 7. Third, itestablishesyourstudy as one link in a chain of researchthatisdeveloping and enlargingknowledege in yourfield.<br />Afteryouhavepresented contextual setting and discussedthepreviouswork of otherresearchers, you use the final part of theintroductiontofocustheattention of thereaderonthespecificresearchproblemyouwillbedealingwith in thebody of yourreport.<br />
  8. 8. workis done in threeadditionalstages, whichwedesignate as III,IV, and V. Stage III indicatesanareathatisnottreated in thepreviousliterature, butthatisimportantfromthepoint of view of yourwork; Stage IV formallyannouncesthepurpose of yourresearch; and Stage V indicatepossiblebenefitsorapplications of yourwork.<br />
  9. 9. Method<br />It describes thestepsyoufollowed in conductingyourstudy and thematerialsyouused at eachstep.<br />Themethodsectionisusefultoreaderswhowanttoknowhowthwmethodology of yourstudymayhaveinfluencedyourresults, orwho are interested in replicatingorextendingyourstudy.<br />
  10. 10. Results<br />In thispart, youpresentthefindings of yourstudy and brieflycommentthem. Somewriterscallthissection “ results and discussion”, thusindicating more extensivecommentsonthefindings of thestudy. However, in thischapterwefollowedtheconvention of includingonlybriefcommentsfocusedonthestatisticalanalysis .<br />
  11. 11. Discussion<br />Itisthelastmajorsection of thereport, followedbythelist of references. Sometimes ,thissectioniscalled “conclusions” instead of “discussion”.Thissectionmovesthereader back fromthesecificinformationreported in themethods and resultsto a more general view of howthefindingsshouldbeinterpreted.<br />

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