Sap Mm


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SAP MM Basic Document

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  • Hi,

    Excellent overview!
    Some more free documents with basics of SAP MM posted on ExpertPlug:
    _ Basics of materials management (materials master, vendor master, purchase info records, organizational levels) :
    _ Basics of External Procurement Process (requirement determination, source of supply determination, vendor selection, order processing, purchase order monitoring, goods receipt, invoice verification, payment processing):
    _ Special Procurement Processes in MM (vendor consignment, subcontracting, stock transfers with stock transfer orders):
    _ Difference between Stock Material & Consumable Material Purchase:

    Hope you enjoy!

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Sap Mm

  1. 1. Material Management Present by :- Ravi Jain
  2. 2. Content <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Why Material Management ??? </li></ul><ul><li>Process Flow </li></ul><ul><li>Material Management Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Material Management Component </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits of Material Management </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Q&A </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you !!! </li></ul><ul><li>Appendix A - MM Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Appendix B – Material Type </li></ul><ul><li>Appendix C – MM Terms & Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Appendix D – Important MM Tables </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>SAP MM Module is one of the most important SAP Modules where MM stands for Materials Management - underpins the supply chain, including </li></ul><ul><li>Requisitions </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase orders </li></ul><ul><li>Goods receipts </li></ul><ul><li>Accounts payable </li></ul><ul><li>Inventory management </li></ul><ul><li>BOM’s </li></ul><ul><li>Master raw materials, finished goods etc </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why Need MM ??? <ul><li>amount spend on material is higher than other inputs </li></ul><ul><li>material offer considerable scope for reducing cost and improving profit </li></ul><ul><li>material add value to the product </li></ul><ul><li>quality of end product depend on material </li></ul><ul><li>efficiency of any organization depend upon the availability of right material, in right quantity at right time and at right place. </li></ul>
  5. 5. S U P P I E R S C U S T O M E R R E C I V I N G D I S T R I B T N Purchasing Raw Material Storage Transformation Processes In Process Storage Finish Goods Storage orders Process Flow
  6. 6. MM Integration SD PP QM PM FI AM CO PS MM Material Management Sales & Distribution Production Planning Quality Management Production Management Financial Accounting Asset Management Controls Project System
  7. 7. Material Management Component <ul><li>Consumption based planning (MM-CBP) </li></ul><ul><li>Purchasing (MM-PUR) </li></ul><ul><li>External Service Management (MM- SRV) </li></ul><ul><li>Inventory Management (MM-IM) </li></ul><ul><li>Logistic Invoice Verification (MM - IV) </li></ul><ul><li>Vendor Evaluation Management </li></ul>
  8. 8. Consumption based planning <ul><li>CBP is based on the past consumption values and uses the forecast or other statistical procedure to determine future requirements. It gets trigger when stock level falls below pre-defined reorder points. </li></ul><ul><li>Procedure available for MRP :- </li></ul><ul><li>Reorder point procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Forecast based planning </li></ul><ul><li>Time-phased materials planning </li></ul>
  9. 9. Purchasing <ul><li>Purchasing is a component of Material Management. </li></ul><ul><li>Task of Purchasing as following :- </li></ul><ul><li>External procurement of material & services </li></ul><ul><li>Determination of possible source of supply </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring deliveries from and payment to vendors. </li></ul><ul><li>Integration with :- SD, FI & CO </li></ul>
  10. 10. External Service Management <ul><li>SRV is a MM component. It supports the complete cycle of bid invitation, award / order placement & acceptance of services. </li></ul><ul><li>Task of Purchasing as following :- </li></ul><ul><li>External procurement of material & services </li></ul><ul><li>Determination of possible source of supply </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring deliveries from and payment to vendors. </li></ul><ul><li>Integration with :- PM & PS </li></ul>
  11. 11. Inventory Management <ul><li>Task of SAP-IM as following :- </li></ul><ul><li>Management of material stocks on a quantity and value basis </li></ul><ul><li>Planning, entry and documentation of all goods movement </li></ul><ul><li>Carrying out the physical inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Integration with :- SD, PP, QM & PM </li></ul>
  12. 12. Logistic Invoice Verification :- <ul><li>It is a component of MM. It is in the logistic invoice verification that incoming invoice are verified in terms of content, price and arithmetic. </li></ul><ul><li>Task of SAP-IV-LIV as following :- </li></ul><ul><li>It completes material procurement process, which start with purchase requisition & result in goods receipts. </li></ul><ul><li>It allows invoices, that do not generate in material procurement like expenses to be processed. </li></ul><ul><li>It allows credit memo to be processed. </li></ul><ul><li>Integration with :- FI & CO </li></ul>
  13. 13. Vendor Evaluation :- <ul><li>The Vendor Evaluation component supports you in optimizing your procurement processes in the case of both materials and services . </li></ul><ul><li>Task of SAP-IV-LIV as following :- </li></ul><ul><li>Helps you to select source of supply & monitoring of existing supply relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Vendor reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Criteria :- Price / Quantity / Delivery / General Service Support </li></ul><ul><li>Integration with :- QM & MM </li></ul>
  14. 14. Benefits of MM <ul><li>Material cost can be lowered down </li></ul><ul><li>Controlling of indirect cost </li></ul><ul><li>Risk of Inventory loss minimized </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in loss of time of direct labor </li></ul><ul><li>Control of manufacturing cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Material congestion in storage places avoided </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement in delivery of the product </li></ul>
  15. 15. Implementation Challenges Selection of appropriate vendors Management of information Optimizing time and quality for product Difficulty in forecast accurate demand
  16. 16. Q&A I hate it.
  17. 17. Thank you !!!
  18. 18. Appendix I – MM Definition <ul><li>“ Material management is the grouping of management functions supporting the complete cycle of material flow, from the purchase and the internal control of production material to the planning and control of work in process to the warehouse shipping and distribution of the finished product”. – Thomas f Wallance. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Material management is the management of the flow of materials into an organization to the point, where those material are converted into firm's end products”. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Appendix II Material Type <ul><li>DIEN ---- Services </li></ul><ul><li>FERT ---- Finished Product </li></ul><ul><li>FHMI ---- Production Resources / tools </li></ul><ul><li>HALB ---- Semi finished Products </li></ul><ul><li>HAWA ---- Trading Tools </li></ul><ul><li>HIBE ---- Operating Supplies </li></ul><ul><li>NLAG ---- Non-stock material </li></ul><ul><li>ROH ---- Row Material </li></ul><ul><li>UNBH ---- Non Valuated Material </li></ul><ul><li>VERP ---- Packaging material </li></ul><ul><li>WETT ---- Competitive product </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Material Master Record </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data record contain all the basic information required to manage a material. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Material Requirement Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Term for requirement planning that take into account and plan every future requirement during the creation of order proposal. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Plant </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>An organization unit for dividing enterprise according to production, procurement, maintenance & material planning. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Storage Location </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Warehouse Stock Location </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Vendor Master </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contains details about all the vendors within a company. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Goods Receipts </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Term for inventory management denoting a physical inward movement of goods or material. </li></ul></ul></ul>Appendix III – MM Terms Definition
  21. 21. Appendix III – MM Terms Definition <ul><li>Material Group </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grouping of material and services according to their characteristics. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Material Master Record </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data contains all the basic information required to manage a material. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Release Strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plan define the release code with which a purchase requisition item, a complete purchase requisition or a complete external purchasing document must be release. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Appendix IV – MM Tables Purchasing group T024 Movement type T156 Document header RKPF Material consumption MBEW Material to BOM link MAST Storage location data for material MARD Plant data for material MARC General material data MARA Material description MAKT Purchasing info/organization record EINE Purchasing info record – general data EINA