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student in 413 student in 413 Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 1
    • Legislation
    • Key Ideas
  • Legislation In Special Ed.
    • IDEA/ P.L. 94-142
      • Has evolved into IDEA over the course of 30 years
      • This law protects people with disabilities from being discriminated in education
      • Shows much progress in special education advocacy
    • FAPE- Free, Appropriate Public Education
    • Gives students the opportunity to learn in public schools
    • Schools must provide what the student needs for education, either by the district or the district will provide and pay for an outside agency
    • Transportation and other services must be supplied
    • This is the core of IDEA
  • IDEA Cont.
    • Appropriate Evaluation/ IEP
    • Appropriate Evaluation says that the student must be recommended by a team of professionals, and the parents MUST approve/ give consent
    • IEP
      • Each special ed. student will have a documented IEP
      • These are to establish learning goals for the student
    • Goals are based on student's present level of performance
    • IEP may contain anything that the team feels the student needs
    • IEP must be agreed upon by a team, including the student and parents
    • IEP will address the general education setting as well as special education services
  • IDEA Cont.
    • LRE (least restrictive environment) says that the student shall spend as much time as possible in the general education setting
    • Procedural Safeguards
      • Parents have the right to any educational information on their child
      • Due process hearings and appeals can be summoned by parents
      • FBA is available
  • Section 504
    • Says that any student with physical or mental impairment which substantially limits major life activities qualify automatically for special education service
    • Protects students whom may not have received services under IDEA law
    • ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) 199 0
    • This law pertains more to civil rights of disabled people
    • Grants protection from discrimination in the workforce, transportation, housing, government operations, and communications
    • This law has a different definition of disability than IDEA
  • NCLB (No Child Left Behind)
    • Passed in 2001
    • Considered the legal mandate of standard-based education
    • Intention is to “equalize” national education
    • High-Stakes testing
    • Great emphasis on reading
    • Stresses “Highly Qualified Teachers”
    There is some great things about this law within all of the controversy Students with disabilities are now required to meet “standards” Schools put emphasis on SPED because of funding SPED students are given very high expectations
  • What's in the schools today?
    • Standard based education- this is the precursor of NCLB, to have a nation of well-educated people
    • Students and teachers are held accountable for education- Assessment, Assessment, Assessment
    • Inclusion is considered a “hot button” right now
      • Inclusion is the placement of SPED students in the general education classroom as much as possible
      • Inclusion is mandated by IDEA
  • What's in Schools today?
    • RTI is a revolutionary intervention which uses “tiers” to help get students the instruction they need
      • Tier 1 is the core curriculum, with basic assessment to tell what students move onto tier 2
      • Tier 2 is intensive targeted instruction for the students whom do not “pass” tier 1
      • Tier 3 is a more intensive and individualized form of tier 2, which may lead to LD diagnosis
  • What's in Schools today?
    • UDL (Universal Design for Learning) is a concept which attempt to educate as many students, including SPED, as possible with a good lesson plan and attainable goals
    • Differentiated Instruction is the modification of the curriculum to accommodate students having problems with it. It is based on the gifted education models.
    • Evidence-based practices are a cornerstone in SPED and RTI, as the educators must use methods that have been tested and researched in a scientific setting.
    • This is why things like “hooked on phonics” are not in the classroom :)
  • What's in Schools today?
    • Diversity in our schools is a never-ending issue
    • Diversity can refer to social, “racial”, linguistic, disability, and ability levels
      • Diversity can be a dividing issue in public schools
      • Teachers “need” to show a “sensitivity” to diversity and show knowledge of groups of students
      • This knowledge can help the students develop in the classroom as well as in life
  • So where are we headed?
    • As in life, the future is unknown, and with politics playing the major role in education, the economic issues, and globalization, education could be headed either to new frontiers in excellence or else reverting to old standards, depending on the political climate. The education of our children is largely dictated by politics, some good, some bad. Also, educators and parents need to be advocates for schools, and tell the government when they just aren't right. Where we go is completely up to us, and how much control we want as educators
  • Works Cited Polloway, Edward A., Patton, James R., and Serna, Loretta. (2008). Strategies for Teachings Learners with Special Needs. (Ninth Ed.) Columbus, OH. Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall Publishing.