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History Upon his retirement from championship golf in 1930, Bobby Jones had hoped to realize his dream of building a golf course. Following a brief conversation with Clifford Roberts, with whom Jones had met several times during the mid-1920s, it was decided the club would be built near Augusta, Georgia, provided a suitable piece of ground was available. According to Jones' plans, the course would utilize the natural advantages of the property and use mounds rather than too many bunkers. It was hoped the property would have a natural creek to use as a water hazard. Jones wanted this concept of golf course architecture to make a contribution to the game as well as give expression to his ideas about golf course design. This club would be open during the winter season only.
Hole No. 2 (Tea Olive) Brief History In 1935 the first hole featured a bunker on the left side of the fairway. It was later removed. A left-front greenside bunker was added in 1951. Naming the Hole Osmanthusfragrans, native to Southern Asia, is an evergreen shrub or small tree belonging to the Olive Family. Its intermittent displays of small white flowers from December to March are delightfully fragrant and the Tea Olive attains a height of 16 to 20 feet.
Hole No. 2 (Pink Dogwood) Brief History Originally, the second green was guarded by a lone bunker on the right side. It was reduced in size in 1966. The left bunker was added in 1946. Naming the Hole Cornusflorida, var. ruba, is an American contribution to the world of ornamental horticulture. This tree is a mutation which is propagated by grafting onto a white dogwood seedling. Depending on weather, the tree blooms late March through April. This hole is flanked by masses of these colorful native trees.
Hole No. 3 (Flowering Peach) Brief History Architect Alister Mackenzie believed the third hole to be nearly perfect in design. Thus, this green has been changed less than any other on the golf course. Naming the Hole Prunuspersica is native to China. The flowering varieties are cultivars developed for their showy blossoms and not their fruit. The flowers may come in white, pink, red or variegated colors, and usually bloom from mid to late March.
Hole No. 4 (Flowering Crab Apple) Brief History The fourth green resembled a boomerang in shape in 1935. It's now a bit wider, the bend slightly less extreme, but the hole remains an elusive target. Naming the Hole These flowering crab apples, Malushybrida, are Far Eastern varieties which have a more prolific flowering habit than native forms. The trees bloom in late March and early April with light pink to deep rose flowers followed in the fall by colorful one-inch apples, a popular food for many wild birds.
Hole No. 5 (Magnolia) Brief History The Road Hole of the Old Course at St. Andrews inspired the design of No. 5 at Augusta National. Bob Jones initially disapproved of the fairway bunkers. Naming the Hole The magnolia is one of the most prominent native trees at Augusta National. The botanical name Magnolia grandiflora is descriptive of the massive evergreen tree with large fragrant white flowers which bloom in May and June. Deciduous imported varieties are also present.
Hole No. 6 (Juniper) Brief History In the 1930s, the elevated sixth green was fronted by a stream; in the 1950s, by a pond. The hazard rarely came into play and was removed in 1959. Naming the Hole Juniperusvirginiana is a native evergreen tree. Commonly called Red Cedar, it is not a true cedar. The aromatic wood makes it popular for storage chests and other furniture. Younger trees are used extensively in the South as Christmas trees.
Hole No. 7 (Pampas) Brief History The seventh hole lacked character until Horton Smith, the 1934 and 1936 Masters champion, suggested that the green be rebuilt and bunkers added. Naming the Hole The hole is named for its distinctive pampas grass, Cortaderiaselloana. Native to Argentina, it sends up its plume-like flowers in August, the seed tassels lasting until spring.
Hole No. 8 (Yellow Jasmine) Brief History The mounds surrounding No. 8 green were removed in 1956 to improve sight lines for spectators. Byron Nelson supervised their restoration in 1979. Naming the Hole Gelsemiumsempervirens is a twining vine native to the Southeast. The trumpet-shaped flowers bloom yellow from the first warmth in February into late March.
Hole No. 9 (Carolina Cherry) Brief History The original ninth green had a more extreme 'false front' than the current green. Shots landing there invariably rolled back down the fairway. Naming the Hole Prunuscaroliniana is a small native evergreen tree. The plant bears prolific clusters of small, white flowers in April followed by black berries which are popular with a variety of birds.
The Green Jacket In addition to a cash prize, the winner of the tournament is presented with a distinctive green jacket, awarded since 1949. The green sport coat is the official attire worn by members of Augusta National while on the club grounds; each Masters winner becomes an honorary member of the club. Winners keep their jacket for the first year after their first victory, then return it to the club to wear whenever they visit. The tradition began in 1949. The green jacket is only allowed to be removed from Augusta National by the reigning champion, after which it must remain at the club.