Taking their own practices               seriously: social enterprise and                environmental management         ...
Audit explosion• ‘voluntary audits and awards promise a way of  raising, reinforcing , and also differentiating  themselve...
Conditions for EMS?• Pro-environmental discourse• Sustainable procurement• Tacit assumption that ‘socially responsible  or...
EMS – private sector experience•   ISO14001•   Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS)•   Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)...
EMS and social enterprise• Weak policy steer from both government and  peak social enterprise bodies• Lack of sector-speci...
Lessons• Costs of implementation• Relevance of existing tools• Environmental vs. more holistic sustainability  management•...
Edwards, R., Smith, G. and Büchs, M. (2013)‘Environmental management systems and thethird sector: exploring weak adoption ...
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Social enterprise and environmental management systems, graham smith, brass and tsrc april 2013

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  • This workshop will consider how our changing environment, in particular through climate change, is likely to shape working practices in third sector organisations. It will do so by exploring how the environment affects beneficiaries/service users, the role the third sector can play in advocating for the environment, how issues such as climate change may shape the operation of third sector organisations and the expectations that external partners may have of third sector organisations in terms of environmental action.
  • Social enterprise and environmental management systems, graham smith, brass and tsrc april 2013

    1. 1. Taking their own practices seriously: social enterprise and environmental management systems (EMS) Graham Smith Centre for the Study of Democracy, University of Westminster g.smith@westminster.ac.uk Funded by:Hosted by:
    2. 2. Audit explosion• ‘voluntary audits and awards promise a way of raising, reinforcing , and also differentiating themselves in the marketplace for contracts, grants and donations’ (Paton and Foot 2000: 331).• ‘Performance measures are demanded by a number of stakeholders, including voluntary organizations themselves, their funders, the public sector bodies charged with regulating them, and many individual employees, volunteers, donors and service users’ (Kendall and Knapp 2000: 129).
    3. 3. Conditions for EMS?• Pro-environmental discourse• Sustainable procurement• Tacit assumption that ‘socially responsible organisations must be environmentally responsible’ (Pearce 2003: 33).
    4. 4. EMS – private sector experience• ISO14001• Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS)• Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)• Why institutionalise? – ‘Ceremonial’ role re. supply chains – New market opportunities• Relatively low adoption by SMEs
    5. 5. EMS and social enterprise• Weak policy steer from both government and peak social enterprise bodies• Lack of sector-specific tools – c.f. social audit.• Case study research – Large housing association – EMS  EMAS – Small environmental consultancy – EMS accreditation lapsed – Large anti-poverty charity – bespoke – Medium-sized fair trade enterprise - bespoke
    6. 6. Lessons• Costs of implementation• Relevance of existing tools• Environmental vs. more holistic sustainability management• Bespoke systems and accreditation• Regulatory creep – Governmental agenda rather than sector- sensitive response?
    7. 7. Edwards, R., Smith, G. and Büchs, M. (2013)‘Environmental management systems and thethird sector: exploring weak adoption in theUK’. Environment and Planning C: Governmentand Policy (in press)For pre-publication copy: g.smith@westminster.ac.uk

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