W3C TPAC 2012 Breakout Session on Government Linked Data
Building Bridges: Fueling Economic Growth with Government Open DataLinked Open Data Bernadette Hyland 31-Oct 2012 W3C Government Linked Data WG W3C TPAC Lyon France @BernHyland 1
Slide credit: Jennifer Bell VisibleGovernment.ca 2Context of today’s breakout session is to brieﬂy describe the activities & deliverables of theW3C Government Linked Data working group, what we’re doing and then focus on aninteractive discussion about what each of us needs to more effectively work with government.Could the W3C as an organization help us to be more effective within our organizations,foundations, etc?
Growing chorus ... “We’re moving from managing documents to managing discrete pieces of open data and content which can be tagged, shared, secured, mashed up and presented in the way that is most useful for the consumer of that information.” -- Report on Digital Government: Building a 21st Century Platform to Better Serve the American People 3Governments around the world are defining detailed digital services plans that are based on Open data and openAPIs to deliver government and private digital services.At the highest level, government executives in the UK, EU, US, India, Brazil are committed to managing opendata and content in a way that is useful for the consumer of that content. The question is HOW?
Game changing technology to meet government missions • Highly scalable computing & hosting via the Cloud • International Data Exchange Standards • Agencies publishing Open Data as “5 star Linked Data” • Open Source tools 4Over the last decade, a Web-oriented approach to information sharing has impacted how scientists, researchers, regulatorsand the public interacts with government. Linked data lowers the barriers to re-use and interoperability among multiple,distributed and heterogeneous data sources. Speciﬁcally, the mechanisms by which the environmental & human healthscientiﬁc community shares information is changing.The Digital Government Strategy sets out to accomplish three things: Access to high quality digital information & services;procure and manage devices, applications, and data in smart, secure and affordable ways; and unlock the power ofgovernment data to spur innovation.Access to high-quality Linked Open Data via the Web means millions of researchers and developers will be able to shortenthe time-consuming research process involving data cleansing and modeling.
“Big Data Is Important, but Open Data Is More Valuable” As change agents, enterprise architects can help their organizations become richer through strategies such as open data. David Newman, VP Research, Gartner 5Open data refers to the idea that certain data should be freely available to everyone to use and republish as theywish, without restrictions from copyright, patents or other forms of control. The term “open data” has gainedpopularity with open data initiatives including data.gov.uk, data.gov and other government data catalog sites.Enterprise architects are playing an important role in fostering information-sharing practices. Access to, and useof, open data will be particularly critical for a business that operate using the Web; organizations should focus onusing open data to enhance business practices that generate growth and innovation.
The mission of the Government Linked Data (GLD) Working Group is to provide standards and other information which help governments around the world publish their data as effective and usable Linked Data using Semantic Web technologies. 7We are 16 months into the Government Linked Data Working group’s two year charter.
Let’s agree on some terms ... Linked Data Refers to a set of best practices for publishing and interlinking structured data for access by both humans and machines via the use of the RDF family of syntaxes (e.g., RDF/XML, N3, Turtle and N- Triples) and HTTP URIs. Linked Data can be published by an person or organization behind the ﬁrewall or on the public Web. If Linked Data is published on the public Web, it is generally called Linked Open Data. - W3C Linked Data Glossary: https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/gld/raw-ﬁle/default/glossary 8But ﬁrst, let’s deﬁne terms. Lots of people use the term “open data” to mean a range of things. TheAdministration through data.gov and other sites, is committed to increasing public access to high value, machinereadable datasets generated by the Executive Branch, agencies and ofﬁces.“The primary goal is to improve access to Federal data and expand creative use of those data beyond the walls ofgovernment by encouraging innovative ideas (e.g., Web applications),” - About Data.gov.The term “Linked Open Data” refers to the best practices and standards for achieving that goal, speciﬁcally, topublish data on the Web for access and re-use.
9“The primary goal is to improve access to Federal data and expand creative use of those data beyond the walls ofgovernment by encouraging innovative ideas (e.g., Web applications),” - About Data.gov.The term “Linked Open Data” refers to the best practices and standards for achieving that goal, speciﬁcally, topublish data on the Web for access and re-use.W3C sees Linked Data as the set of best practices and technologies to support worldwide data access, integrationand creative re-use of authoritative data.
Linked Data is simply sensible ... Answers the question, “how are we using technology to make a real difference in people’s lives ...” Data re-use on the Web matters ... Government Linked Data can help you navigate 10We need messaging that works for the stakeholders in government.It cannot be academic speak nor retail speak.Our deliverables have to address the key issues that motivate government to invest inimproving the worldwide INFORMATION infrastructure, the Web of Data.