Sustainability is: The capacity to equitably meet the vital human needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs by preserving & protecting the area’s ecosystems & natural resources. From APA Policy Guide on Planning for Sustainability The Concept of Living in Balance with Nature . . .
American Planning Association There is growing concern for the issue of sustainability whether the Earth’s resources will be able to meet the demands of a growing human population that has rising aspirations for consumption and quality of life, while maintaining the rich diversity of the natural environment or biosphere. To address these issues the APA adopted the POLICY GUIDE ON PLANNING FOR SUSTAINABILITY on April 17, 1000
Reduce dependence on fossil fuels, extracted metals of minerals.
Reduce dependence on chemicals that accumulate in nature.
Reduce dependence on activities that harm our ecosystems.
Meet needs of present & future fairly & efficiently.
Four Objectives for Greater Sustainability:
Approach to Sustainable Objectives: “ All four policy objectives need to be dealt with in an integrated , comprehensive & systems approach in order to move toward sustainability in community in planning & development."
Policy No. 1 Support policies that encourage alternatives to gas powered vehicles. Public Transit Alternative Fuel Vehicles Bicycles & Pedestrian Routes
Policy No. 2 Support policies that encourage development that uses alternative renewable energy sources and energy conservation. Solar Wind Geothermal
Policy No. 3 Support policies that encourage land uses that minimize extraction of mercury, calcium and phosphorus. Development Agriculture Sustainable Land Uses
Policy No. 4 Support policies that encourage development & businesses to reduce use of chemicals & synthetic compounds Construction Materials Services View snuggle up & read's map Taken in a place with no name (See more photos here )
Policy No. 5 Support policies that reduce the use of or eliminate pesticides and herbicides. Landscape Design Park Maintenance Agriculture
Policy No. 6 Support policies that encourage compact/mixed use development & avoids sprawl (Smart Growth) Minimize Need to Drive Reuse Existing Buildings Reclaim Brownfield's
Policy No. 7 Support policies that encourage planning, development and preservation that conserves & protects water and soil quality. Underdeveloped Land Open Space Agriculture
Policy No. 8 Support policies that encourage sustainable development, business & agriculture that reduce use of water. Reuse Waste Water On-Site Innovative Treatments Minimize Chemical Use
Policy No. 9 Support policies that encourage sustainable development that include the needs of those currently disenfranchised. Public Health Safety Welfare
Policy No. 10 Support policies that reduce & reuse by-products & waste, especially those that see waste as a resource. Businesses Communities Institutions
Policy No. 11 Support policies that encourage participation & partnership approaches to planning, especially sustainable planning. Resident Involvement Community Vision Participation in Planning
Policy No. 12 Support initiatives that further R&D of technology that promotes sustainability and provides the best available economic, social & environmental data. Alternatives Costs Benefits of Integration
Policy No. 13 Support policies that encourage support incentives & other economic tools to improve the sustainability of our natural resources. Local State Federal
All new buildings, developments and major renovations shall be designed to meet a fossil fuel, GHG-emitting, energy consumption performance standard of 50% of the regional (or country) average for that building type.
At a minimum, an equal amount of existing building area shall be renovated annually to meet a fossil fuel, GHG-emitting, energy consumption performance standard of 50% of the regional (or country) average for that building type.
AIA 2030 Challenge Targets Edward Mazria AIA, is a senior principal at Mazria Inc. and is the architect who initiated the 2030 Challenge. Carbon Neutrality
Sustainability can be encouraged by offering incentives to those who make environmentally supportive decisions.
Incentives and Policies The key to increasing implementing sustainability is establish an action plan
Paths to a Green Building/Planning Policy The Pew Center on Global Climate Change was established in 98. The Center's mission is to provide credible information, straight answers, and innovative solutions in the effort to address global climate change.
Incentive Options Communities offer several incentives varying from cost free to a direct investment by the city to encourage sustainable planning concepts and development of green buildings. The following options represent the most common incentives offered by cities across the country . . .
In return for achieving levels of green building ratings the following with be offered:
Implement height & floor/area ratio bonuses.
Reductions in landscaping requirements.
Counting green roof space as landscaping/open space.
Waive or give partial or total reimbursement of the application, building, or permit fees in return for reaching specific levels of green rating systems. Permit Fee Waiver Temporarily reduce taxes for specific levels of green certification. Property Tax Abatement
Buy these energy-efficient appliances in bulk & offer discounted prices. Discounted Energy Star Appliances Incentives for additional costs on energy-efficient & other green systems such as HVAC, windows, solar energy and water. Subsidized Green Premium
LEED initiatives including legislation, executive orders, resolutions, ordinances, policies, and incentives are found in 75 cities, 23 counties, 17 towns, 27 states, 12 federal agencies, 10 public school jurisdictions and 36 institutions of higher education across the US. Gaining Momentum for Sustainability
Since the release of PlaNYC 2030, the Sustainability Advisory Board has refocused their efforts to ensure that the city’s strategies for sustainability are implemented in full & remain publicly accountable to citizen’s concerns.
The Playbook for Green Buildings and Neighborhoods: Strategic Local Climate Solutions
LEED Initiatives in Governments and Schools
State and Local Government Toolkit
Energy Policy Act of 2005 Analysis
USGBC Facts and Figures
Sustainable Design Assessment Teams (SDAT) Designing a Sustainable World
The AIA offers the SDAT program as a community assistance program that focuses on the principals of sustainability.
SDAT brings teams of volunteer professionals (such as architects, urban designers, planners, hydrologists, economists, attorney’s & others) to work with community decision-makers and stakeholders to help them develop a vision & framework for a sustainable future.