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  • 1. Entrepreneur University DevelopmentProgram to Increase R & D Budgets in Indonesia Syahrul Aminullah Email:syahrul.aminullah@ui.ac.id, syrlamn@ristek.go.id Workshop: Building the Entrepreneurial University, Triple Helix Research Group at StanfordUniversity’s For Human Sciences and Technologies Advanced Research (H-STAR) California,USA 12-16 November 2012
  • 2. Introduction to IndonesiaWorkshop: “Building The Entrepreneurial University”
  • 3. Indonesia: Between Asia and Australia INDONESIA
  • 4. Demographic and Economic Indicators Indicators ValueArea, sq kilometer 1,910,932Population, 2010 238 millionGDP for R&D, 2010 0,08 %GPD 2010 US$707 billionGrowth Rate 2010 6.1%Income per capita US$3.000
  • 5. INDONSIA VISION 2045 GDP: ~ USD 15.0 – 17.5 2025 Trillion GDP: ~ USD 4.0 – 4.5 Income/Capita Trillion ~ USD 44,500 Income/Capita – 49,000 2010 estimated ~ USD GDP: USD 14,250 –15,500 (country with high income) 700 Billion Income/Capita USD 3,000Sources: MASTER PLAN ACCELERATION AND EXPANSION OF INDONESIA ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 2011-2025
  • 6. Potencial Entrepreneurial University • Total University: Form of No. Gov Private Total College 1 Academy 15 735 750 2 Institute 23 61 84 3 polytechnic 50 112 162 4 69 1.136 1.205 high school 5 University 55 391 446 Total 212 2.435 2.647
  • 7. National Development Plan 11 (eleven) national priorities:• (1) bureaucratic and administrative reforms• (2) education• (3) health• (4) reducing poverty• (5) food security• (6) infrastructure• (7) investment in the business sector• (8) energy• (9) environment and natural disasters• (10) development in the least developed, frontier, outer and post-conflict areas• (11) culture and technological innovation.
  • 8. MASTER PLAN ACCELERATION AND EXPANSION OF INDONESIA ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 2011-2025  comparative advantage 6 Area Corridor :  competitive advantage Corridor Economy Indonesia
  • 9. Theme of every Economic Corridor for Acceleration and Expansion of Economic Development Sources: MASTER PLAN ACCELERATION AND EXPANSION OF INDONESIA ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 2011-2025
  • 10. 22 main economic activities 8 main program agriculture, mini ng, energy, mar ine, telecommu nication, and development of strategic areas.Sources: MASTER PLAN ACCELERATION AND EXPANSION OF INDONESIA ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 2011-2025
  • 11. Partner from University CE for MP3EI1. Corridor Sumatera Coordinator : University Lampung 1) University Syiah Kuala 6) University Sriwijaya 2) University Sumatera Utara 7) University Bengkulu 3) University Andalas 8) University Lampung 4) University Jambi 9) University Bangka Belitung 5) University Riau2. Corridor Jawa Coordinator : Institut Teknologi Bandung 1) University Indonesia 8) University Gadjah Mada 2) Institut Pertanian Bogor 9) University Airlangga 3) Institut Teknologi Bandung 10) Institut Teknologi Sepuluh November 4) UniversityPadjadjaran 11) University Brawijaya 5) University Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa 12) University Jember 6) University Jenderal Soedirman 13) University Trunojoyo 7) University Diponegoro3. Corridor Kalimantan Coordinator : University Mulawarman 1) University Lambung Mangkurat 1) University Mulawarman 2) University Tanjungpura 2) University Borneo 3) University Palangkaraya
  • 12. Partner from University CE for MP3EI 4. Coridor Sulawesi Coordinator : University Hasanuddin 1) University Hasanuddin 2) University Haluoleo 3) University Tadulako 4) University Samratulangi 5. Coridor Bali – Nusa Tenggara Coordinator : University Udayana 1) University Udayana 2) Institut Seni Indonesia Denpasar 3) University Mataram 4) University Nusa Cendana 6. Coridor Papua – Maluku Coordinator : University Cendrawasih 1) UniversityPattimura 2) University Khairun Ternate 3) University Cenderawasih 4) University Negeri Papua
  • 13. Distribution and Plan R&D Budget 2010-2014 DISTRIBUSI dan RENCANA ANGGARAN IPTEK - TAHUN 2010 - 2014 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 NO KEMENTERIAN NEGARA/LEMBAGA RKP RKP RKP APBN-P Iptek APBN RKP Iptek IPTEK Iptek Iptek 1 KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN NASIONAL 63,438.1 1,047.6 55,623.1 1,706.8 1,774.2 1,840.6 1,909.7 2 KEMENTERIAN PERTANIAN 8,887.7 908.3 16,724.4 1,001.7 1,088.8 1,208.7 1,269.0 3 KEMENTERIAN ESDM 8,002.5 735.6 15,298.6 772.4 811.0 851.5 894.1 4 BPPT 669.0 669.0 893.3 677.4 713.0 785.2 862.7 5 BATAN 6 LIPI 406.8 496.2 406.8 496.2 601.6 624.0 600.5 598.4 696.0 616.2 666.7 681.3 736.6 755.6 • IDR 7 KEMENTERIAN KESEHATAN 23,796.8 226.5 27,657.1 517.1 390.5 681.7 578.5 8 BAKOSURTAL 9 KEMENTERIAN NEGARA RISET DAN TEKNOLOGI 463.0 650.5 463.0 650.5 455.2 665.7 455.2 440.6 488.9 450.6 544.9 462.6 579.8 477.6 11,7 10 KEMENTERIAN KOMUNIKASI DAN INFORMATIKA 11 KEMENTERIAN PEKERJAAN UMUM 2,888.7 36,092.1 155.1 318.8 3,450.3 57,960.7 440.6 430.0 450.6 402.0 462.6 442.0 447.6 486.0 Trilliun 12 KEMENTERIAN KELAUTAN DAN PERIKANAN 3,380.8 274.4 4,911.3 426.4 532.3 613.8 712.8 13 LAPAN 14 KEMENTERIAN KEHUTANAN 15 KEMENTERIAN AGAMA 239.0 4,023.4 30,129.7 239.0 212.3 186.5 465.5 6,000.0 32,109.4 364.8 232.9 215.4 552.1 220.8 258.0 386.6 229.7 289.2 387.5 229.9 328.7 = 16 KEMENTERIAN SOSIAL 3,727.7 137.9 4,100.6 159.9 189.1 226.5 271.2 • US$ 11 17 KEMENTERIAN PERHUBUNGAN 17,569.1 87.8 22,111.7 136.2 105.5 165.8 127.4 18 BADAN STANDARDISASI NASIONAL 121.6 121.6 82.6 82.5 95.3 113.6 130.1 miliard 19 BADAN PENGAWAS TENAGA NUKLIR 57.3 57.3 76.8 76.5 87.7 105.3 122.3 20 BKKBN 1,361.0 8.9 2,413.2 65.1 102.8 84.3 93.2 21 KEMENTERIAN KEBUDAYAAN DAN PARIWISATA 22 KEMENTERIAN TENKER & TRANSMIGRASI 1,679.6 3,122.1 5.0 40.1 2,154.5 4,128.3 61.3 59.1 63.3 65.2 65.3 64.3 65.3 70.7 = 23 KEMENTERIAN DALAM NEGERI 24 KEMENTERIAN LUAR NEGERI 13,363.3 5,563.7 31.8 22.2 15,208.8 5,633.7 35.1 23.2 30.5 21.2 30.7 21.4 30.9 22.7 • R&D 25 KEMENTERIAN HUKUM DAN HAM 5,320.1 20.5 4,931.9 21.8 23.4 25.3 27.5 26 KEMENTERIAN PERTAHANAN 42,899.0 50.5 47,498.5 19.8 21.6 24.7 28.4 national 27 BADAN METEOROLOGI DAN GEOFISIKA 28 KEMENTERIAN PERINDUSTRIAN 947.3 1,684.6 19.4 16.5 1,317.3 2,240.1 13.1 12.8 17.7 14.8 17.7 15.3 17.7 15.9 budget  29 KEPOLISIAN NEGARA REPUBLIK INDONESIA 27,795.0 29,781.8 12.6 15.4 15.5 16.0 30 BADAN PENGAWAS OBAT DAN MAKANAN 657.9 928.8 6.4 4.0 4.0 5.0 0,08 % 31 MAHKAMAH AGUNG 5,219.9 6.2 6,055.3 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3 32 LEMBAGA SANDI NEGARA 625.1 7.4 550.0 5.0 4.6 4.9 5.1 PDB 35 Kementerian/Lembaga Lainnya 50,856.3 56.6 60,125.3 JUMLAH KEMENTERIAN NEGARA/LEMBAGA 366,134.9 7,679.3 432,779.4 9,675.7 10,312.3 11,136.9 11,710.8 16 *) anggaran Iptek (bukan anggaran litbang) hanya mencerminkan adanya kegiatan litbang 16
  • 14. Focal Issue Lack of Budget R&D National UNESCO 1% PDB NATIONAL
  • 15. DISCUSSIONIn Boston university 1981, school of management, Whowants to study entrepreneurship, there was noentrepreneurship Department & only one faculty memberwho specialized in small businessSources: Bygrave, WD, The Entrepreneurship Paradigm I Revised, page 17-19Handbook of QualitativeResearch Method in entrepreneurship, Edward Elgar publishing.inc …major changes have occurred in the scientific world.Many top academics are now also topentrepreneurs, forming their owncompanies, collaborating with big business, exploitingtheir inventions and contributing to the wealth of theNation (Mickillop, 2008).Sources: Etzkowitz, Ranga, Benner, Guaranys, Maculan, Pathways to the entrepreneurialuniversity, towards a global convergence, Science and Public Policy, 35(9), November 2008, pages 681–695
  • 16. WHAT NEXTConclusion:We need Entrepreneurial University, thereare several regulation at national level mustaware to support R&D budget (includingAcademia, Business and Government),Recommendations:We can collaborate to Academia, Businessand Government Entrepreneur UniversityDevelopment Program in Indonesia
  • 17. Syahrul Aminullahemail: syahrul.aminullah@ui.ac.id syrlamn@ristek.go.id