Comesa - Fred Kongongo
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Comesa - Fred Kongongo

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  • Thierry Amoussougbo, UNECA 20% of the earth’s Land Mass – More than Australia, Brazil, Europe and USA combined African population has just passed 1 Billion with more than 380 Millions of Youth Enormous Primary Energy source: Water, hydro, oil/gas, coal, nuclear Renewable/clean Energy: Solar, wind, geothermal, ocean waves/tides, bio-energies 1 sq km of desert receives equiv 1.5 millions barrels of crude oil per year < 2 % of Africa’s hydro and geothermal power potentials is used
  • Thierry Amoussougbo, UNECA 20% of the earth’s Land Mass – More than Australia, Brazil, Europe and USA combined African population has just passed 1 Billion with more than 380 Millions of Youth Enormous Primary Energy source: Water, hydro, oil/gas, coal, nuclear Renewable/clean Energy: Solar, wind, geothermal, ocean waves/tides, bio-energies 1 sq km of desert receives equiv 1.5 millions barrels of crude oil per year < 2 % of Africa’s hydro and geothermal power potentials is used

Comesa - Fred Kongongo Comesa - Fred Kongongo Presentation Transcript

  • ENTERPRERIAL STI UNIVERITY IN COMESA REGIONTriple Helix Workshop at Stanford University 15th November, 2012 2012Fred Kong’ong’oCoordinator STI programmefkongongo@comesa.int
  • COMESA Membership• The 19 Member States of COMESA are: Burundi Burundi Malawi Malawi Comoros Comoros Mauritius Mauritius Congo, DR Congo, DR Rwanda Rwanda Djibouti Djibouti Seychelles Seychelles Egypt Egypt Sudan Sudan Eritrea Eritrea Swaziland Swaziland Ethiopia Ethiopia Uganda Uganda Kenya Kenya Zambia Zambia Libya Libya Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Madagascar Madagascar 3
  • FACTS AND FIGURES 79% of Africa’s arable land remains uncultivated– 20% of the earth’s Land Mass – only 6% are cultivated African population has just passed 1 Billion with around 400 Millions of Youth Enormous Primary Energy sources: Water, hydro, oil/gas, coal, nuclear Renewable Energy sources: Solar, wind, geothermal, ocean waves/tides, bio- energies 1 sq km of Africa’s desert receives Energy equiv to 1.5 millions barrels of oil per year-1000 times the world’s entire annual energy As per today Africa is using < 2 % of its hydro and geothermal power potentials Africa has rich and varied biological Resources The global market value of pharmaceuticals derived from genetic resources is estimated at US$75 billion to 150 billion annually;Source : Mo Ibrahim Foundation, 2011:”African Agriculture: From Meeting Needs To Creating Wealth”, 2011, Revised 4 Edition
  • FACTS YOUTH IN AFRICA (a) Africa is the most ‘youthful’ continents of the world About 500 Millions of Africa’s population is below the age of 18;In 2010, Africa is home of 630 Millions of young below the age of 25; 5
  • Importance of STI• African Political • Harness and apply STI leadership’s for sustainable socio- economic development recognition of S&T as a goal to attain MDGs and socio-economic • Ensure that Africa contributes to the global growth-recognised by pool of scientific AU Summit of 2007 knowledge and technological innovations
  • Development EntrepreneurialUniversity in COMESA
  • Status• Most Universities are funded by Government• Due to funding constraints-created enterprise development unit-acquiring businesses• Some universities created -running Businesses through these units• Most do not office of technology transfer• Link to Industry –office Industrial relation offices for Internship• ICT- based companies –initiated collaborations with Universities –reduce cost- get human capital
  • Entrepreneurship• Many starts ups in and outside Universities due to job shortage• Some remain informal for a long time due to business environment• Protection to Student’s IP is weak thus link to established companies weak• Entrepreneurship talk in some Universities• Some Universities have created incubators• Tech companies promoting entrepreneurship through global competitions
  • Entrepreneurial Universities• Nokia and Microsoft and Cisco pioneered Industry-University collaboration in certain countries , Google, HP and IMB have now joined• Local companies are following• However most Universities do not have a structured way of dealing with this partnerships
  • COMESA - What are thePolicy priorities ?
  • Cross border investments Designated regionalInfrastructure development STI Centers of excellence Infrastructure
  • •Africa inherited education system –designed to produced civil servants•– Change of mind set and attitude- reform -market focused needed•Hold VC meeting –collaboration with Africa scholars in Diaspora-shareexperience Expand –engineering and science training through South-South, North-South collaboration Higher technical education
  • •COMESA –working to harmonize Intellectual properly •PPP + Universities –policy •Financial support-creation of Innovation fund-(Kenya, Zimbabwe, Ethiopia already have funds- •Mechanism to tap into private sector and NGO funding •Regional and international collaborationsPolicy Creation ofinterventions to cross-create borderentrepreneurial networksecosystem Business incubation
  • Governance
  • Structured -STI advice at the highest level of GovernmentSTI advisor Createdat all level of COMESAGovernment Innovation CouncilFlagshipproducts Regional entreprene urial ecosystemScience andtechnologydiplomacy Executive leadership
  • Summery– Focus harnessing STI for economic development– Created of Innovation Council –tap eminent STI persons to provide advise on STI– Innovation wards at National level -regional level to starts 2013– Capacity building -Executive programme in collaboration with Harvard Kennedy and others– Designated STI regional Centers of Excellence foster regional and international collaboration– Promoting creation of innovation funds National and regional level to support entrepreneurial ecosystem– Promotes of creation of Entrepreneurial Universities-graduate business as well as students – -Change of attitude -take advantage of the incubation potential of Universities– Promotion of training of more engineers and scientist - line ministries , private sector institutions– Tap Diaspora talent to contribute to STI development– Sharing of University Best Practices regarding innovation entrepreneurship and commercialization
  • Key Ministerial decisions– tapping into Africans in the Diaspora, vast amount of knowledge exists among the Diaspora, invite and provide a vehicle for supporting STI parks programs;– Establish offices of Chief Innovation Advisors as well as broad cross-sectoral national advisory committees to assist harness and provide advice on knowledge and innovations that could be diffused into the economies.– STI ministries -work closely with related ministries, such as those for infrastructure, Health Agriculture, ICT so that these include research and innovation in their programmes and allocations.
  • Key Ministerial decisions – Higher education ministers to promote the creation of technical universities under other line ministries and public corporations. To expand engineering and technical training institutions,• – On STI indicators- to add creation of new enterprises incubated by universities, clusters and science parks could be a good measure of progress
  • FinallyWhen we aggressively execution visionary policiesThere is no reason for COMESA/Africa not to bullish!! Thank You