The Tomb of King David Hall (S. Hermon & K. Yiakoupi)

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Case Study of the 3D digitisation of the Tomb of King David Hall, presented by K. Yiakoupi during the 3D ICONS workshop at Digital Heritage 2013

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The Tomb of King David Hall (S. Hermon & K. Yiakoupi)

  1. 1. Add text ––front page Add text front FRONT COVER page ‘Israel Case Studies: The room of Last Supper and The Tomb of King David Hall’ Kyriaki Yiakoupi
  2. 2. Overview • The CYI-STARC – who we are • The Cenacle (Room of the Last Supper) and the Tomb of King David Hall • The acquisition procedure • The post processing procedure • Digital outcomes • Conclusions 28th October – 1st November 2013, Marseille
  3. 3. Overview • The CYI-STARC – who we are • The Cenacle (Room of the Last Supper) and the Tomb of King David Hall • The acquisition procedure • The post processing procedure • Digital outcomes • Conclusions 28th October – 1st November 2013, Marseille
  4. 4. STARC Science and Technology for Archaeological Research Center Image Processing Field Documentation Features extraction Heterogeneous sources Classification Data harmonization Pattern recognition 3D spatial semantic platform 28th October – 1st November 2013, Marseille
  5. 5. Past experience in STARC
  6. 6. Overview • The CYI-STARC – who we are • The Cenacle (Room of the Last Supper) and the Tomb of King David Hall • The acquisition procedure • The post processing procedure • Digital outcomes • Conclusions 28th October – 1st November 2013, Marseille
  7. 7. The Cenacle (Room of the Last Supper) The Cenacle is located on Mount Zion in Jerusalem, Israel. Cenacle = “dinner” in Latin Important place, especially to pilgrims: - Last Supper is said to have been held - Apostles are believed to have performed several activities as recorded in the New Testament
  8. 8. Tomb of King David Hall Ground floor, former Hagia Zion – Byzantine church.
  9. 9. The Cenacle (Room of the Last Supper)Tomb of King David Hall The Cenacle (plan) Tomb of King David Hall (plan) Cross section showing the two rooms
  10. 10. Overview • The CYI-STARC – who we are • The Cenacle (Room of the Last Supper) and the Tomb of King David Hall • The acquisition procedure • The post processing procedure • Digital outcomes • Conclusions 28th October – 1st November 2013, Marseille
  11. 11. The 3D documentation process Data Acquisition 1. Laser scanner Surphaser 2. ZSCAN 3. Total Station TS11 4. Base + Rover GS10 GS15 Leica Viva 5. Structure-from-Motion digital camera
  12. 12. The acquisition procedure – The Cenacle First results: Uncleaned / Unprocessed Ceiling with arches Crusader columns
  13. 13. The acquisition procedure – Tomb of David (First results: Uncleaned /Unprocessed) Room Height = 5.02 m / Width = 5.92 m Entrance (m) Detail of wall – 3D model zooming 1.02 width / 2.06 height / 0.39 depth Entrance to the tomb – view from inside Horizontal cross – sections ((blue at 1 m and pink at 2 m above floor level)
  14. 14. Limitations during the acquisition 1. Complex building 2. Roman – byzantine – crusader and ottoman structure 3. Difficult working conditions 4. Modern interference 5. Limited time access 6. Tourists
  15. 15. Overview • The CYI-STARC – who we are • The Cenacle (Room of the Last Supper) and the Tomb of King David Hall • The acquisition procedure • The post processing procedure • Digital outcomes • Conclusions 28th October – 1st November 2013, Marseille
  16. 16. The 3D documentation process Data Processing and Analysis Meshlab JRC Reconstructor AutoCad
  17. 17. The acquisition and post processing procedure Set parameters for documentation Operators Targets Detailed points Data acquisition The Cenacle (Room of Last Supper) 2 7 212.000.000 6 (Scans) King’s David tomb (Hall) 2 25 314.000.000 12 (Scans) Distance from monument 3 meters 4 meters Maximum range of acquisition 15 meters 15 meters Minimum range of acquisition 40 Cm 40 Cm C3D 3.26 GB 5mm 2mm C3D 6.65 GB 7mm 4mm Points Alignment error Equipment price 655 MB 11.100.000 4 mm Eur: 60.000 653 MB 10.500.000 2 mm Eur: 60.000 Acquisition time estimation 60 minutes 115 minutes Data post process span 3h 5h Format of row data Weight of raw data Resolution Density Weight of process data
  18. 18. Overview • The CYI-STARC – who we are • The Cenacle (Room of the Last Supper) and the Tomb of King David Hall • The acquisition procedure • The post processing procedure • Digital outcomes • Conclusions 28th October – 1st November 2013, Marseille
  19. 19. Digital outcomes – The Cenacle 28th October – 1st November 2013, Marseille
  20. 20. Digital outcomes – King’s David Tomb 28th October – 1st November 2013, Marseille
  21. 21. Digital outcomes 28th October – 1st November 2013, Marseille
  22. 22. Overview • The CYI-STARC – who we are • The Cenacle (Room of the Last Supper) and the Tomb of King David Hall • The acquisition procedure • The post processing procedure • Digital outcomes • Conclusions 28th October – 1st November 2013, Marseille
  23. 23. Conclusions 28th October – 1st November 2013, Marseille
  24. 24. Add text ––front page Thank you front page Add text FRONT COVER The Cyprus Institute – STARC www.cyi.ac.cy http://www.cyi.ac.cy/starc.html http://public.cyi.ac.cy/starcRepo/

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