Anthony staines

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Anthony staines

  1. 1. Getting to visible – information, integrated care, and Ireland: Moving from fragmented to integrated care Anthony Staines ICT Strategy Unit, System Reform Group, HSE School of Nursing and Human Sciences, DCU
  2. 2. Summary ● Challenges ● Some misconceptions about these ● Where are we ● Where do we need to go ● How are we going to get there
  3. 3. Challenges ● We can overcome these, if we want to
  4. 4. Ageing population ● Increasing life expectancy ● Increasing healthy life expectancy ● Both good
  5. 5. Rising prevalence of chronic disease ● ● Series of Irish studies from the IPH and the NCRI All the chronic diseases studied, so far, will rise in prevalence from 2010 to 2020 ● The rise is 20% to 60% ● Partly due to ageing ● More due to fixable lifestyle risks
  6. 6. Rising prevalence of multi-morbidity ● ● Most of the money is spent on people, no all elderly, with more than one chronic disease This is multi-morbidity ● It poses significant personal, clinical, and health system challenges, all of which have to be met
  7. 7. Mean no. of conditions by sex and age (TILDA)
  8. 8. Distribution of US health expenditure http://www.nihcm.org/images/stories/Dat aBrief3_Final.pdf
  9. 9. Where we are
  10. 10. Irish health system structures ● Complex fragmented system ● Paper based system ● Largely manual communications, except in General Practice
  11. 11. Complex system ● Roughly 8,000 health providers with contracts to the public service ● Two-tier hospital care system ● High user charges for primary care services ● ● ● Perverse incentives Primary care poorly developed except general practice Weakening private insurance market
  12. 12. Fragmented care ● ● ● Too much care delivered in a very busy acute hospital system Poor communications Primary and community care underused, unsupported, and underdeveloped
  13. 13. Budget cuts ● Budget falling fast, and likely to continue to fall ● Population rising, and ageing quickly ● Business as usual will not do!
  14. 14. Changes in expenditure (OECD)
  15. 15. Strong political leadership – ex-GP
  16. 16. Changes happening ● Strong political leadership ● Integrated care ● Care at the lowest level of complexity ● Move to community and primary care ● Free GP care, initially for children under 6 ● Generic prescribing ● Hospital groups and Money follows the patient ● Moving to Universal Health Insurance
  17. 17. Information ● Astonishingly little ● What there is, is well used ● Poor information systems ● ● ● Little information on clinical activity Poor information for staff and for managers at every level Only GPs have access to good systems, albeit mostly confined to individual practices
  18. 18. Where do we need to go?
  19. 19. Integrated care
  20. 20. Integrated care ● ● ● ● Patient centred care – the 'Medical Home' Shared care following agreed clinical pathways between primary and secondary care Includes GPs, hospitals, and community staff Tools to support the implementation of these pathways do not (yet) exist in Ireland
  21. 21. An example – Ran Balicer, Clalit, Israel ● ● ● ● ICT supported, data driven, patient centred integrated care in a health fund covering 4 million people 6% fall in hospital readmission rates for the elderly 60% reduction in inequalities in the quality of care between centres Very good RoI
  22. 22. An example – Paul Grundy, IBM, Vermont ● Patient centred medical home with working ICT ● Family practice based community coordinators ● Agreed care pathways ● 10% reduction in insurance costs ● 60% reduction in the rate of complications of Type II diabetes
  23. 23. ICT principles ● The right data accessible to the right people at every clinical encounter ● ● ● ICT is to support clinical work directly Information for Health/Business Intelligence comes out of clinical ICT systems Audit, research, planning, accountability all driven by clinical activity
  24. 24. Steps ● There is no simple solution ● ● We do not have a blank slate Learn from other peoples' failures, and successes ● No big bang! ● Will be done, in stages, over 4 to 8 years ● ● ● Must achieve visible results on a relevant time scale Keep the momentum up It will keep changing forever
  25. 25. Process ● ● Patient centred process focussed on clinical care ICT development supports business needs ● No ICT only projects ● Technology is easy, and quite cheap ● The hard bit, and most of the cost, is in changing how people do things
  26. 26. Infrastructure ● HSE spends under 1% of the budget on ICT ● Ought to be at least twice this ● There is past underinvestment to deal with
  27. 27. Individual Health Identifier ● ● ● ● ● Legislation moving through the Seanad this week Critical building block for everything else The challenge for the system will be getting the IHI into all of the existing records Data sharing will still be a problem Legislation will be required to share data effectively
  28. 28. Supporting activity ● Clinicians ● Patients ● Managers
  29. 29. Clinical support ● The right data accessible to the right people at every clinical encounter ● ● ● ● ● Good EMR/EHR as a skin over the data for clinicians Good adaptable decision support tools Mobile access is required by many staff Tools and data systems to support innovation in ICT and health care delivery Health information standards throughout the system
  30. 30. Patient support ● ● ● Full support for self-care Access to appointments, basic data, test results, prescriptions, and more for patients, and, as appropriate, families and carers Mutual support for patients e.g. ● Expert patients ● Support groups ● Carer support
  31. 31. Management support ● Flexible reporting systems ● Configurable and open ● Build on e.g. NQAIS work ● Able to accommodate changes over time ● Generate necessary canned analyses ● Provide for more complex work
  32. 32. Technology ● ● ● Several technology solutions can be envisaged Final choice will come from engagement with industry to find optimum solutions Technology is not the real issue
  33. 33. Models ● Build on the good existing systems - no 'rip and replace' ● No big bang ● Build common infrastructure ● ● Data accessible through agreed international standards Data accessible through open, documented, APIs ● Service oriented architecture
  34. 34. Innovation ● ● Allow innovation, building tools for staff and patients to manage and use their data Rapid feedback of activity and outcomes at individual, unit, facility, region and organisation level
  35. 35. Success or failure? ● Governance ● Leadership ● Buy-in ● Patients ● Clinical ● Managerial ● Trust ● Resources
  36. 36. Acknowledgements ● ● My colleagues in HSE, in the ICT Strategy unit, in the School of Nursing and Human Sciences in DCU, and many others for invaluable discussions Olga McDaid and the Tilda Study
  37. 37. References – – – Rechel B, Grundy E, Robine JM, Cylus J, Mackenbach JP, Knai C, McKee M. Ageing in the European Union. Lancet. 2013 Apr 13;381(9874):1312-22. PubMed PMID: 23541057. Christensen K, Doblhammer G, Rau R, Vaupel JW. Ageing populations: the challenges ahead. Lancet. 2009 Oct 3;374(9696):1196-208. PubMed PMID: 19801098. McDaid O, Hanly MJ, Richardson K, Kee F, Kenny RA, Savva GM. The effect of multiple chronic conditions on self-rated health, disability and quality of life among the older populations of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland: a comparison of two nationally representative cross-sectional surveys. BMJ Open. 2013 Jun 21;3(6).PubMed PMID: 23794595
  38. 38. References – – Glynn LG, Valderas JM, Healy P, Burke E, Newell J, Gillespie P, Murphy AW. The prevalence of multimorbidity in primary care and its effect on health care utilization and cost. Fam Pract. 2011 Oct;28(5):516-23. PubMed PMID: 21436204. Erixon F, van der Marel E. What is Driving the Rise in Health Care Expenditures? An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Cost Disease. [Internet]. Brussels: ECIPE; 2011 p. 27. Report No.: 05/2011. Available from: http://www.ecipe.org/publications/what-is-driving-the-risein-health-care-expenditures-an-inquiry-into-the-natureand-causes-of-the-cost-disease/
  39. 39. References – – CSO. Population and Labour Force Projections 2016 2046 [Internet]. Dublin, Ireland: Central Statistics Office; 2013. Available from: http://www.cso.ie/en/releasesandpublications/population/ populationandlabourforceprojections2016-2046/ Przywara B. Projecting future health care expenditure at European level: drivers, methodology and main results [Internet]. Brussels, Belgium: European Commission; 2011 p. 85. Report No.: 417. Available from: http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/publications/econo mic_paper/2010/ecp417_en.htm

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