Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications

10,286

Published on

Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications …

Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications

Published in: Business, Technology
1 Comment
9 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
10,286
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
565
Comments
1
Likes
9
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 16 Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications PowerPoint by Karen E. James Louisiana State University - Shreveport
  • 2. Objectives <ul><li>Learn the major steps in developing an effective integrated marketing communications program. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the steps involved in developing an advertising program. </li></ul><ul><li>Learn how companies can exploit the marketing potential of sales promotion, public relations, direct marketing, and e-marketing. </li></ul>
  • 3. Marketing Communications <ul><li>Advertising </li></ul><ul><li>Sales Promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Public relations </li></ul><ul><li>Direct marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Personal selling </li></ul>Communications Platforms
  • 4. Developing Effective Marketing Communications <ul><li>Identify target audience </li></ul><ul><li>Determine objectives of communication </li></ul><ul><li>Design the message </li></ul><ul><li>Select communication channels </li></ul><ul><li>Establish the budget </li></ul><ul><li>Select the marketing communications mix </li></ul><ul><li>Measure results </li></ul><ul><li>Manage the IMC process </li></ul>Steps in Marketing Communications Program Development
  • 5. Developing Effective Marketing Communications <ul><li>Step 1: Identifying the target audience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes assessing the audience’s perceptions of the company, product, and competitors’ company/product image </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Step 2: Cognitive, affective, and behavioral objectives may be set </li></ul><ul><li>Step 3: AIDA model guides message design </li></ul>
  • 6. Developing Effective Marketing Communications <ul><li>Message Design </li></ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Format </li></ul><ul><li>Source </li></ul><ul><li>Message content decisions involve the selection of appeal, theme, idea, or USP </li></ul><ul><li>Types of appeals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rational appeals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional appeals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moral appeals </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. Developing Effective Marketing Communications <ul><li>Message Design </li></ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Format </li></ul><ul><li>Source </li></ul><ul><li>One-sided vs. two-sided messages </li></ul><ul><li>Order of argument presentation </li></ul>
  • 8. Developing Effective Marketing Communications <ul><li>Message Design </li></ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Format </li></ul><ul><li>Source </li></ul><ul><li>Message format decisions vary with the type of media, but may include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Graphics, visuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Headline, copy or script </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sound effects, voice qualities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shape, scent, texture of package </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. Developing Effective Marketing Communications <ul><li>Message Design </li></ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Format </li></ul><ul><li>Source </li></ul><ul><li>Message source characteristics can influence attention and recall </li></ul><ul><li>Factors underlying perceptions of source credibility: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expertise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trustworthiness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Likability </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. Developing Effective Marketing Communications <ul><li>Step 4: Selecting Communication Channels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal communication channels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Effectiveness derives from personalization and feedback </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Several methods of stimulating personal communication channels exist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nonpersonal communication channels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Influence derives from two-step flow-of-communication process </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 11. Developing Effective Marketing Communications <ul><li>Devoting extra effort to influential individuals or companies </li></ul><ul><li>Creating opinion leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Working through influential community members </li></ul><ul><li>Using influential people in testimonial advertising </li></ul><ul><li>Developing advertising with high “conversation value” </li></ul><ul><li>Use viral marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Developing word-of-mouth referral channels </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing an electronic forum </li></ul>Methods of Stimulating Personal Communication
  • 12. Developing Effective Marketing Communications <ul><li>Step 5: Establishing the Marketing Communications Budget </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Affordability method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Percentage-of-sales method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competitive-parity method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Objective-and-task method </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Step 6: Deciding on the Marketing Communications Mix </li></ul>
  • 13. Developing Effective Marketing Communications <ul><li>Communications Mix Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Types of promotional tools </li></ul><ul><li>Selection factors </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising </li></ul><ul><li>Sales promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Public relations and publicity </li></ul><ul><li>Direct marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Personal selling </li></ul>
  • 14. Developing Effective Marketing Communications <ul><li>Communications Mix Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Types of promotional tools </li></ul><ul><li>Selection factors </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer vs. business market </li></ul><ul><li>Stage of buyer readiness </li></ul><ul><li>Stage of product life cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Market rank </li></ul>
  • 15. Developing Effective Marketing Communications <ul><li>Step 7: Measure Results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognition, recall, attitudes, behavioral responses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Step 8: Manage the Integrated Marketing Communications Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides stronger message consistency and greater sales impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improves firms’ ability to reach right customers at right time with right message </li></ul></ul>
  • 16. Developing and Managing the Advertising Campaign <ul><li>The Five Ms of Advertising </li></ul><ul><li>Mission </li></ul><ul><li>Money </li></ul><ul><li>Message </li></ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><li>Measurement </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives can be classified by aim: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persuade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforce </li></ul></ul>
  • 17. Developing and Managing the Advertising Campaign <ul><li>Factors considered when budget-setting: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage of product life cycle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Market share and consumer base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competition and clutter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advertising frequency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Product substitutability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Five Ms of Advertising </li></ul><ul><li>Mission </li></ul><ul><li>Money </li></ul><ul><li>Message </li></ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><li>Measurement </li></ul>
  • 18. Developing and Managing the Advertising Campaign <ul><li>Factors considered when choosing the advertising message: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Message generation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Message evaluation and selection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Message execution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social responsibility review </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Five Ms of Advertising </li></ul><ul><li>Mission </li></ul><ul><li>Money </li></ul><ul><li>Message </li></ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><li>Measurement </li></ul>
  • 19. Developing and Managing the Advertising Campaign <ul><li>Developing media strategy involves: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deciding on reach, frequency, and impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selecting media and vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determining media timing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deciding on geographical media allocation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Five Ms of Advertising </li></ul><ul><li>Mission </li></ul><ul><li>Money </li></ul><ul><li>Message </li></ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><li>Measurement </li></ul>
  • 20. Developing and Managing the Advertising Campaign <ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Television </li></ul><ul><li>Direct mail </li></ul><ul><li>Radio </li></ul><ul><li>Magazines </li></ul><ul><li>Outdoor </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow pages </li></ul><ul><li>Newsletters </li></ul><ul><li>Brochures </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone </li></ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul>Major Media Types
  • 21. Developing and Managing the Advertising Campaign <ul><li>Deciding on Media Categories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Target audience’s media habits, nature of the product and message, cost </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Media Timing Decisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Macroscheduling vs. microscheduling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuity, concentration, flighting, and pulsing scheduling options </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deciding on Geographical Allocation </li></ul>
  • 22. Developing and Managing the Advertising Campaign <ul><li>Evaluating advertising effectiveness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication-effect research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sales-effect research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Five Ms of Advertising </li></ul><ul><li>Mission </li></ul><ul><li>Money </li></ul><ul><li>Message </li></ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><li>Measurement </li></ul>
  • 23. Sales Promotion <ul><li>Sales promotions are short-term incentives designed to stimulate purchase among consumers or trade </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose of sales promotion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attract new triers or brand switchers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reward loyal customers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase repurchase rates </li></ul></ul>
  • 24. Sales Promotion <ul><li>Establish objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Select consumer-promotion tools </li></ul><ul><li>Select trade-promotion tools </li></ul><ul><li>Select business- and sales force promotion tools </li></ul><ul><li>Develop the program </li></ul><ul><li>Pretest the program </li></ul>Steps in Sales Promotion Program Development <ul><li>Implement and evaluate the program </li></ul>
  • 25. Sales Promotion <ul><li>Samples </li></ul><ul><li>Coupons </li></ul><ul><li>Cash refunds (rebates) </li></ul><ul><li>Premiums </li></ul><ul><li>Prizes (contests, sweepstakes, games) </li></ul><ul><li>Patronage awards </li></ul><ul><li>Free trials </li></ul><ul><li>Product warranties </li></ul><ul><li>Tie-in promotions </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-promotions </li></ul><ul><li>Point-of-purchase displays and demonstrations </li></ul>Major Consumer-Promotion Tools
  • 26. Public Relations <ul><li>Public relations activities promote or protect the image of a firm or product </li></ul><ul><li>Public relations functions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Press relations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Product publicity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corporate communications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lobbying </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Counseling </li></ul></ul>
  • 27. Public Relations <ul><li>Marketing Public Relations (MPR) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plays an important role in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New product launches </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Repositioning of mature brand </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Building interest in product category </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Influencing specific target groups </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Defending products with public problems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Building the corporate image </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Three Major MPR Decisions </li></ul>
  • 28. Public Relations <ul><li>Publications </li></ul><ul><li>Events </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsorships </li></ul><ul><li>News </li></ul><ul><li>Speeches </li></ul><ul><li>Public-service activities </li></ul><ul><li>Identity media </li></ul>Major Public Relations Tools
  • 29. Direct Marketing <ul><li>Direct marketing uses consumer-direct channels to reach and deliver offerings to consumers without intermediaries. </li></ul><ul><li>Direct marketing is growing and offers consumers key benefits. </li></ul><ul><li>Firms are recognizing the importance of integrated direct marketing efforts. </li></ul>
  • 30. Direct Marketing <ul><li>Face-to-face selling </li></ul><ul><li>Direct mail </li></ul><ul><li>Catalog marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Telemarketing </li></ul><ul><li>Direct-response TV marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Kiosk marketing </li></ul><ul><li>E-marketing </li></ul>Major Direct Marketing Tools
  • 31. Direct Marketing <ul><li>Steps in Developing a Direct-Mail Campaign: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 1: Set objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 2: Identify target markets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 3: Define the offer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 4: Test the elements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 5: Measure results </li></ul></ul>

×