Psychology as a Science

3,651 views

Published on

Table of Contents:
- THE EMERGENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY
- DEVELOPMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
- BASIC SCIENTIFIC PSYCHOLOGICAL SCHOOLS
- STRUCTURALISM
- FUNCTIONALISM
- PSYCHOANALYTIC SCHOOL
- THE STRUCTURE OF THE PSYCHE
- CRITICISM OF PSYCHOANALYSIS
- BEHAVIORISM
- GESTALT PSYCHOLOGY
- HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGY
- COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
- BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY
- RESEARCH METHODS

Published in: Education, Technology

Psychology as a Science

  1. 1. PSYCHOLOGY AS A SCIENCE
  2. 2. THE EMERGENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY  The concept "psychology" was introduced to describe the science of the soul by the German philosopher Wilhelm Wundt  Psychology as an independent science occurred in the mid-19th century.
  3. 3. DEVELOPMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY  In 1879, Wilhelm Wundt established the psychological laboratory at the University of Leipzig and founded the psychological journal.
  4. 4. BASIC SCIENTIFIC PSYCHOLOGICAL SCHOOLS        Structural Psychology Functionalism Psychoanalysis Behaviorism Gestalt Psychology Humanistic Psychology Cognitive Psychology
  5. 5. STRUCTURALISM   Wundt's ideas were transferred to the United States with one of his students, Edward Titchener. Structuralists sought to break the experience on the basic elements of introspection.
  6. 6. FUNCTIONALISM  American scientist William James has extended the scope of psychology to include animal behavior, religious experience, and abnormal behavior.  Based on Darwin's theory of evolution, functionalists wanted to understand how consciousness, perception, habits and emotions deal with survival and adaptation.
  7. 7. PSYCHOANALYTIC SCHOOL  Psychoanalysis - is the study of the role of the unconscious psyche. Freud and his followers - A. Adler - K.G. Jung - E. Erickson - Erich Fromm 
  8. 8. THE STRUCTURE OF THE PSYCHE . Consciousness Contact With The Outside Preconscious A Material Which Can Be Translated Into The Consciousness Unconscious. Material Inaccessible To Consciousness
  9. 9. SUPEREGO - THE PRINCIPLE OF OBLIGATION . . I must! Id Ego - The Reality Principle I can! Id - The Pleasure Principle Ego Superego I want!
  10. 10. CRITICISM OF PSYCHOANALYSIS  Pan-sexualism – an explanation of human behavior through sexual motivation  Determinism - lack of humanistic  Criticism methods
  11. 11. BEHAVIORISM    Behaviorism is the science of human behavior. In 1906, Ivan Pavlov reported about his research of conditioning American psychologist James Watson, in 1913 puts forward his behavioral theory. The formula of behavior STIMULUS → RESPONSE
  12. 12. GESTALT PSYCHOLOGY    Gestalt psychology is the teaching about the integrity of psychic phenomena. In 1912Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Köhler, Kurt Lewin develop the Gestalt approach. The most important thing for a person is to realize their gestalt. Then he solves his problems.
  13. 13. HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGY    Emerged in the early 60s of the 20th century in the United States Representatives - Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, Victor Frankl. Man is endowed with potentialities to continuous development and implementation of creative possibilities and able to take over control of their own development.
  14. 14. COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY   People are focused mainly on the future rather than the past and present life events People actively form an idea about their environment
  15. 15. BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY  General psychology explores the individual, highlighting therein mental cognitive processes.
  16. 16. BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY  Genetic psychology studies the genetic mechanisms of the psyche and human behavior.
  17. 17. BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY  Developmental psychology studies the psychological changes that occur during the transition from one age to another.
  18. 18. BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY  Social psychology studies human relations arising in the process of communicating and interacting with one another.
  19. 19. BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY  Educational psychology brings together all information related to training and education.
  20. 20. BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY    Medicopsychology Pathopsychology Psychotherapy
  21. 21. BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY  Psychodiagnostics poses and solves problems of psychological assessment of the individual features and the level of development of the individual.
  22. 22. RESEARCH METHODS OBSERVATION External Introspection Free Standardized Included Sided
  23. 23. Research Methods Interrogation Oral Written Free Standardized
  24. 24. Research Methods Tests Test-questionnaire Test-task Projective Test
  25. 25. Research Methods Experiment Natural Laboratory
  26. 26. Research Methods Modeling Mathematical Technical Logical Cybernetic
  27. 27. Get More Free Psychology PPT ON www.what-is-psychology.org

×