Today’s kind of journalism
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News writing and Reporting

News writing and Reporting

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Today’s kind of journalism Presentation Transcript

  • 1. TODAY’S KIND OFJOURNALISMAdapted from Reporting Processes and Practices:Newswriting for Today’s ReadersEverette E. Dennis & Arnold H. Ismach[1981, Wadsworth Publishing Company, California,USA.]
  • 2. THE ESSENCE OF JOURNALISM FORALL TIMES IS PRODUCINGINTERESTING AND COMPELLINGSTORIES
  • 3. THAT ESSENCE HAS NOT CHANGED,BUT SOMETHING HAS, AND THAT ISTHE READERS, LISTENERS ANDVIEWERS
  • 4. THERE HAS BEEN A SHIFT TO NEWDEFINITIONS OF NEWS DUE TO THECHANGING AUDIENCE
  • 5. MAJOR STORIES TODAY ARE “LIFE-AND-DEATH” ISSUES, TRENDS AND IDEAS
  • 6. NEWSPAPER ARE ALSO REGULARLYPRODUCING SPECIAL SECTIONS SUCHAS “STYLE”, “SCENE”, “PEOPLE”,LIFESTYLE”, ETC.
  • 7. TODAY’S NEWS STORIES ARE FOCUSEDON PEOPLE CONCERNS SUCH ASHOBBIES, THE ARTS, SPORTS,ENTERTAINMENT, RECREATION,FAMILY LIVING, DIET, FASHION,TRAVEL, ETC.
  • 8. NEWS STORIES NOW EMBRACESUBJECTS ONCE CONSIDEREDILLEGITIMATE BY JOURNALISTS
  • 9. NOT ONLY HAS THERE BEEN ASUBSTANTIAL MOVE TOWARD NEWTOPICS, BUT ALSO, THERE HAS BEEN APARALLEL SHIFT TOWARD NEWWRITING FORMATS AND STYLES
  • 10. THE INTERPRETIVE STORY, IN WHICHREADERS ARE TOLD WHAT HAPPENEDAND WHY IT HAPPENED, WHAT ITMEANS, AND WHAT IS LIKELY TOHAPPEN NEXT, HAS BECOME COMMONPLACE
  • 11. THE ROLE OF THE REPORTERTODAY … must not only be able to cover traditional public affairs news with competence, but must now recognize their personal relevance … must be able to make complex situations and subjects simple … must know their audiences well in order to select appropriate topics so readers interests would be compelled
  • 12.  … must become experts on specialized subjects and topics …. must understand and translate the jargon of bureaucracy, the corporation, the workplace and laboratory into every day language
  • 13. THE GENERALIST OF YESTERDAY HASA VALUABLE, BUT MORE LIMITEDROLE, IN TODAY’S NEWSROOM
  • 14. TODAY’S KIND OF JOURNALISM ISFOCUSED ON CONTENT MOREDIRECTLY RELEVANT TO THE LIVES OFTHE AUDIENCE, AND A STYLE OFPRESENTATION THAT IS EASIER TOABSORB AND COMPREHEND
  • 15. THE ROLE OF THE NEWSPAPER To inform readers objectively about what is happening in the community, country and the world To comment on the news in order to bring these developments into focus To provide a means whereby persons with goods and services to sell can advertise there wares
  • 16. HAROLD LASSWELL’SSUGGESTIONS Surveillance of the environment Correlation [interpretation] of the parts of society Transmission of the social heritage from generation to generation [socialization]
  • 17. A NEW KIND OF JOURNALISM HASEMERGED TODAY, MAKING NEWSREPORTING MORE THAN A PASSIVERECORDER OF EVENTS
  • 18. JOURNALISM IS BRANCHING OUT TOIDENTIFY TRENDS AS THEY DEVELOP,TO INVESTIGATE THE HUMANCONDITION, TO EXAMINE THINGS THATDIRECTLY AFFECT PEOPLE WHERETHEY LIVE – IN THEIR LIVING ROOMS,BEDROOMS AND WORKPLACES
  • 19. TODAY’S KIND OF JOURNALISM HASBEEN A REVOLUTIONARY SHIFT FROMYESTERDAY’S
  • 20. THE NEWSPAPER’S ROLE TODAY IS TOPROVIDE “ENOUGH INFORMATION TOENABLE READERS TO FORMREASONABLE JUDGMENTS, AND TOGIVE THEM A SENSE OF CONTEXT”.
  • 21. TODAY’S REPORTER MUST BE PARTRESEARCHER AND PART AUTHORITYON THE SUBJECT MATTER BEINGCOVERED
  • 22. ALMOST ALL NEWS ORGANIZATIONSNOW RECRUIT UNIVERSITYGRADUATES ONLY
  • 23. MANY REPORTERS ARE TRAINEDPROFESSIONALS IN DIVERSE FIELDS
  • 24. THE STUDENT-JOURNALISTSHOULD THEREFORE FOCUS ONTHESE…. Developing research skills Polishing writing skills Recognizing audience needs and interests
  • 25. Converting knowledge into stories that adapt to needs and interests of a considerable number of people Gaining knowledge in depth in one or more fields of study such as economics, business, science, the arts, sports, entertainment, fashion, environment, politics, etc.
  • 26. JIMI KAYODEMAC 203FOUNDATIONS OF NEWSREPORTING