The Review ofRelatedLiteratureThose who do research belong toa community of scholars. Whatthey have recorded of theirjourney and their findings willmake it easier for you to explorethe unknown.
The Value of a LiteratureReview It helps you glean the ideas of others who have done research related to yours. It also lets you see how others have done research in areas related to yours. It allows you weigh information from others in the light of your own research. It enables you to approach your research in a more knowledgeable way.
Its function derives from afundamental position amongscholars that the more oneknows about peripheralinvestigations germane to one’sown study, the moreknowledgeable one canapproach the problems inherentin one’s own investigation.
Its function is also to look again(re + view) at the reports of whatothers have done in a relatedarea; an area not necessarilyidentical with, but collateral toyour own area of study.
Benefits It can reveal studies similar to yours. It can suggest a possible method or approach. It can reveal to you sources of data you may not have known existed. It can introduce you to scholars whose efforts you may have had no knowledge of. It can help you see your own study in historical and associational perspective.
Benefits It can provide you new ideas and approaches that may not have occurred to you. It can assist you in evaluating your own efforts by comparing them with related efforts done by others.
Types of Sources General references: annotated bibliographies; bibliographies; abstracts or indexes. Primary:publications in which researchers report the results of their studies - journals Secondary: publications in which authors describe the works of others - textbooks
Literature Search State the research questions precisely. Look through one or two secondary sources. Select and search appropriate general references. Obtain and read primary sources. Formulate search terms: key words or phrases that you can use to do computer search. Obtain, read, sort and summarize key points in the sources.
Write Get the proper orientation – a review is a discussion of the studies, reports and broad survey of writings that relate to your own study. Have a plan. Emphasize relatedness. Review the literature; don’t reproduce it!
Write More important is what you say about what others may have said. Present your discussion; paraphrase; use short direct quotations rather than lengthy ones. Summarize look for points of departure that will lead into your own study.