Heat Injury Prevention

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  • 1. FIELD SANITATION TEAM CERTIFICATION COURSE
    • LESSON 11 - PREVENTING HEAT INJURY
  • 2. Lesson Objectives
    • Define the types of heat injury.
    • Select the factors that influence heat injury.
    • Select the measures to prevent heat injuries.
    • Compute the WBGT index.
  • 3. Types of Heat Injury
    • Heat Edema
    • Heat Rash
    • Sunburn
    • Heat Tetany
    • Heat Syncope
    • Heat Cramps
    • Heat Exhaustion
    • Heat Stroke
  • 4. Heat Edema
    • Refers to the swelling of the hands and feet associated with heat exposure.
  • 5. Heat Rash
    • It occurs usually in areas where the clothing is restrictive, and gives rise to a prickling sensation.
  • 6. Sunburn and Heat Tetany
    • Sunburn
    • Impairs sweating over the affected skin and predisposes soldiers to heat injury.
    • Heat Tetany
    • Is related to the result of hyperventilation by an individual after being exposed to heat stress.
  • 7. Parade Syncope
    • Temporary circulatory failure due to pooling of blood in the lower extremities when standing in a hot environment.
  • 8. Heat Cramps
    • Usually involves the muscles of the arms, legs, and abdomen.
    • May be accompanied by abnormal body temperature.
  • 9. Heat Exhaustion
    • Heat exhaustion is the most common form of heat casualty.
  • 10. Heat Stroke
    • Heat stroke is a medical emergency! Treatment should start immediately.
  • 11. Influencing Factors
    • Knowing the factors that influence heat injury will help you protect the soldiers in your unit.
  • 12. Acclimatization
    • How well adapted to the heat are the soldiers in your unit?
  • 13. Overweight/Out of Shape
    • Are the soldiers in your unit overweight or out of shape?
  • 14. Fatigue
    • Have the soldiers in your unit been performing heavy work or working for long periods of time without rest?
  • 15. Food and Alcohol
    • Consume all components of your rations for adequate salt intake.
  • 16. Medications
    • Be aware of the dehydrating effects of some medications.