Whats so super about aukland


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Whats so super about aukland

  1. 1. What’s so super about Auckland? Viv Heslop Beyond Green New Zealand
  2. 2. What I want to talk about… <ul><li>some context </li></ul><ul><li>why Auckland is super…and not </li></ul><ul><li>reforming of local government in Auckland </li></ul><ul><li>thoughts </li></ul>
  3. 4. Some context about Auckland… <ul><li>Auckland – the city-region </li></ul><ul><li>Home to 1.37 million people </li></ul><ul><li>Projected population of 1.77 million by 2026 and 2 million by 2040 </li></ul><ul><li>Auckland is the fastest growing region in the country adding 50 people every day or one person every 29 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Naturally beautiful, it is flanked by harbours and boasts a 1600-kilometre long coastline </li></ul><ul><li>The region covers 500,000 hectares with 57,000 hectares of urban area, and 26 regional parks more than 40,000 hectares </li></ul><ul><li>Ranked fifth in the world in the 2007 Mercer Quality of Life survey, the region absorbed 90% of New Zealand's population growth last year </li></ul>
  4. 5. and… <ul><li>With 180 different cultures Auckland is a diverse region with many different communities </li></ul><ul><li>Auckland's people are 11% Pacific Island, 9% South-east Asian, 4% Indian sub-continent, 62% European and 1% all other ethnic groups </li></ul><ul><li>70% of new migrants to the country settle in the region, with one-third of all people who call Auckland home born overseas. </li></ul><ul><li>One third of the nation's workforce and 38% of all business enterprises are based here. The region provides 35% of the country's jobs, with one in five Aucklanders working in the manufacturing industry, together contributing an estimated $5.5 billion a year to the economy </li></ul><ul><li>Over 70% of New Zealand's imports and 40% of exports come through Auckland's ports Auckland is home to two thirds of the country's top 200 companies and nearly a quarter of the world's Fortune 500 companies have a presence here. </li></ul>
  5. 6. What makes Auckland super…
  6. 7. actually quite a bit… <ul><li>lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>environment </li></ul><ul><li>access to opportunities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>schooling, recreational, arts, culture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>climate </li></ul><ul><li>quality of life </li></ul><ul><li>diversity </li></ul>
  7. 8. but… <ul><li>sprawling </li></ul><ul><li>comprised natural environment </li></ul><ul><li>inequality </li></ul><ul><li>car dependence </li></ul><ul><li>fragmented decision making </li></ul><ul><li>lack of vision </li></ul><ul><li>3 year political cycle </li></ul><ul><li>weak leadership </li></ul>
  8. 9. We reforms
  9. 11. Royal Commission on Auckland governance <ul><li>how local government is structured is important in determining what gets done – and what does not – in Auckland </li></ul><ul><li>two broad systemic problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>regional governance is weak + fragmented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>community engagement is poor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>lack sense of collective purpose, constitutional ability + momentum to address issues effectively for overall good of Auckland </li></ul><ul><li>Auckland does not lack plans – what it lacks is the will and ability to implement them </li></ul>
  10. 12. for example… <ul><li>the Auckland Sustainability Framework and One Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>single strategic framework + action plan setting out clear direction for how the region plans to achieve sustainable development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>positive step towards collaborative regional strategy + action </li></ul><ul><li>a governance model is needed to put this on a much sounder footing </li></ul>
  11. 13. so then… <ul><li>dissolution of Auckland Regional Council + all seven territorial authorities in Auckland </li></ul><ul><li>creation of a new unitary authority called the Auckland Council </li></ul><ul><li>one long-term council community plan, one spatial plan, one district plan, one rates bill, one voice for Auckland </li></ul><ul><li>local democracy maintained through six elected local councils </li></ul><ul><ul><li>oversee delivery of services + undertake local engagement in 4 urban and 2 rural district </li></ul></ul>
  12. 14. and… <ul><li>Auckland needs an inspirational leader </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mayor of Auckland to have greater executive powers than currently provided for: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>appointment of Deputy Mayor + committee chairpersons, proposal of Auckland Council budget + initiation of policy, establishment of Mayoral office </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>3 Maori seats </li></ul><ul><li>Auckland to have some say + control over social well-being including central government social spend </li></ul><ul><li>plus strengthening of role in economic development </li></ul><ul><li>more of a sustainable development focus </li></ul>
  13. 16. however… <ul><li>change in Government towards end of commission process </li></ul><ul><li>minority party – ACT – given role in leading reform in Auckland </li></ul><ul><li>re-consulted and made significant changes </li></ul><ul><li>gone from a well-thought out + reasoned proposal to something invented in haste, reverting to more central government control over Auckland + loss of local democracy + corporatisation of local government </li></ul>
  14. 18. so now…
  15. 19. Auckland Governance – version 2 <ul><li>one Auckland Council – no local councils </li></ul><ul><li>around 20 local community boards – with little money or power </li></ul><ul><li>a number of council-controlled organisations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>80% of the regional budget </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>run as businesses + run by appointed not elected people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>separating of land-use [Council] and transport [CCO] </li></ul></ul>
  16. 22. perspectives…
  17. 24. Democratic City? <ul><li>An elected Mayor to provide a vision for the Council, appoint chairs of committees, deputy Mayor and run an office </li></ul><ul><li>20 elected Councillors </li></ul><ul><li>13 wards and 21 local boards </li></ul><ul><li>No Maori seats but an advisory board </li></ul><ul><li>Commences 1 November 2010 </li></ul>
  18. 26. New City Culture? <ul><li>Wholesale restructuring </li></ul><ul><li>New CEO appointed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business background </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Second tier appointments underway </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Finance, Planning, Operations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3,500 operations staff carried over in interim </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3,000 face uncertain future </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Policy - implementation separation perpetuated </li></ul>
  19. 28. Super Super City? <ul><li>Metropolitan governance at last! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coherent city region </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vision and leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated investment and management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Importance of Auckland in national life recognised </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flaws in existing legislation recognised </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Uncertainty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Corporatisation of local government? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democracy and subsidiarity? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fragmentation perpetuated? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rush to the ‘finish’ line </li></ul><ul><li>Wellington meddling in Auckland’s business </li></ul>
  20. 29. thoughts… <ul><li>time will tell </li></ul><ul><li>don’t promise savings – costs of transition are significant </li></ul><ul><li>remember that local government is about democracy </li></ul><ul><li>clarity of problem + clear link with solution? </li></ul><ul><li>be prepared to make bold decisions – Auckland suffers from decision-paralysis </li></ul>