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Modal verbs

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  • 1. Teacher: Kátia Rosa Azevedo2ªsérie matutino3ºbimestreSlide 1VERBOS MODAIS (MODAL VERBS)
  • 2. The modal verbs are
    Can = poder
    Could = poder (passado)
    May = poder
    Might = poder
    Must = dever
    Should = dever
    Ought to = dever
  • 3. No (to ) in theinfinitiveform
    to can (wrong) - can (correct)
    to must(wrong) – must (correct)
  • 4. No (to) afterthe modal verbs
    I can (to) dance (NO)
    I can dance
    exception : ought to
    Youought to do yourlessons
    você deveria fazer sua lição
  • 5. Negativeform
    Can = can´t, cannot
    Could = couldnot – couldn´t
    May = maynot
    Might = mightnot, mightn´t
    Must = mustn´t, mustnot
    Should = shouldnot, shouldn´t
    Ought to = oughtnot to, oughtn´t
  • 6. Interrogativeform
    Inverte a posição do sujeito com verbo
    ShecanspeakEnglish
    CanshespeakEnglish?
  • 7. No s in thethirdperson
    I can
    Youcan
    He can
    Shecan
    It can
    Wecan
    Theycan
  • 8. MODAL VERBS
    verbos auxiliares modais são verbos que só ocorrem na presença de outro verbo
    I can ride a bike
    Youmayberight
    Shemuststayher
    Youshouldread
  • 9. Não têm passado nem futuro (com exceção do can).
    Devido à alta freqüência com que ocorrem na língua, os verbos modais tornam-se imprescindíveis
  • 10. Can - Could
    ability:
    I canspeakEnglish - Eu consigo falar inglês.
    Wecanseethelakefromourbedroom.
    (Nós podemos ver o lago da janela do nosso quarto).
    permission:
    Can I smokehere? - Posso fumar aqui?
    Can I leaveearly?Deduction (can´t)
    Steve can´t havegone to church. He ´s anatheist
  • 11. Can - Could
    Pedidos e Solicitações
    Canyouchangethis light bulb for me?
    Deduction
    Brad can´t besick. I spoke to himten minutes ago.
  • 12. Could funciona como passado e como futuro do pretérito de can:
    passado:
    I couldn'tspeakEnglishbeforegoing to England.
    Youcouldn'tsmoke in thepresenceofyourparentsatthat time.
    Eu não sabia falar inglês antes de ir para a Inglaterra.
    Não se podia fumar na presença dos pais, naquela época.
  • 13. Could- futuro do pretérito
    Youcouldhavecalled me.
    Couldyou do me a favor?
    Pedir e dar permissão
    - Você poderia ter me ligado.
    Você poderia me fazer um favor?
  • 14. May
    Permission:
    May I smokehere? Posso fumar aqui?
    May I take some ofyourpainkiller?
    Possibility:
    It mayraintoday. Pode ser que chova hoje
    I maybesufferingfromaneatingdisorder.
  • 15. Might
    remotepossibility:
    It mightrainthis weekend.
    É capaz de chover no próximo fim de semana.
  • 16. Should
    Advice:
    Youshouldstudy more.
    Youshouldn´t overeat
    Você deveria estudar mais.
  • 17. Must
    Prohibition:
    Youmustn'tget out ofbed.
    Você não pode sair da cama.
    Obligation/necessidade
    Youmuststop smoking.
    Você tem que parar de fumar.
  • 18. MUST: é usado para dizermos que alguma coisa que temos certeza é verdadeira.Inference, logicaldeduction.
    Linda mustgetverybored in herjob. She does thesamethingeveryday.
    (Linda deve ficar muito chateada em seu emprego. Ela faz a mesma coisa o dia todo).
    He musthavetheflu. He hasallthetypicalsymptoms.
    You’vebeentravellingallday. Youmustbetired.
    (Você viajou o dia todo. Você deve estar cansado).
  • 19. HAVE TO:é usado para dizermos que realmente é necessário fazer alguma coisa. (ter que)
    Exemplos: Youcan’tturnrighthere. Youhave toturnleft.
    (Você não pode virar a direita aqui. Você tem de virar a esquerda).
    Myeyesightisn’tverygood. I have towearglasses for reading.
    (Minha visão não está muito boa. Eu tenho de usar óculos para ler). 
  • 20. Must / have towe use mustandhave to toexplainthatsomething is necessary
    I have to phone Jan at 9:00
    I mustfinishmyhomeworkbefore 8:00
  • 21. SHOULD: é usado para dar conselhos ou opiniões.
    Exemplos: 
    Youlooktired. Youshouldgo to bed.
    (Você parece cansado. Você deveria ir para a cama).
    Youshouldn’tbelieveeverythingyouread in thenewspapers.
    (Você não deveria acreditar em tudo que você lê nos jornais).
  • 22. Mustn´t/ don´t have tohavedifferentmeanings
    Mustn´t describes na actionwhich is prohibited
    youmustn´t crosstheroadwhenthered light is showing
    Don´t have to describesanactionwhich is notnecessary –youhave a choice
    youdon´t have to do that
  • 23. Fill in the blanks with MUST or MUSTN’T
    1. She is ill , so she____  see the doctor.
    2. It is raining. You______  take your umbrella.
    3. You _____ throw litter on the stairs.
     
    4. This is a secret. You _______ tell anybody.
    5. You ______ make noise in the library.
     
     
    .
     
    6. We  hurry or we will miss the bus.
    7. You  _____eat fruit and vegetables.
     
    8. The baby is sleeping. You _____ shout.
    9. You ______ be friendly to everybody.
     
    10. You______  walk on the grass.  
  • 24. CIRCLE THE CORRECT ONE must or mustn´t
     
    1. You   --  light fires in the forests.
     
    2. You    --- do your homework
     
    3. You   ---  wash your face every morning.
     
    4. You  ------  drink cold water.
     
    5. You--------     watch TV a lot.
     
    6. You  ------   eat in class.
     
    7. You -----   be late for class.
    8. You-------    listen to your teacher.
     
    9. You   -------  give place to old people.
     
    10. You  -------be polite.
     
    11. You -------   fasten your seat belt.
    13. You------    speak loudly in hospitals
  • 25. Use should / shouldn't / mustn't
    1. We______  invite the Nortons to our party. They are nice people.
    2. Young children_______ stay at home on their own.
    3. Before you go to the dentist's, you_______  brush your teeth.
    4. You________  smoke in bed!
    5. You ___________ shut the windows because it is raining.
    6. You_______  forget her birthday again.
    7. You_______  go to the theatre when you are in Vienna. It's great.
    8. They______ tell her about John's accident. She could break down.
    9. You________  cross the street when the traffic lights are red.
  • 26. What are thesesentencesexpressing?
    A. Sally couldpraywhenshewastwoyearsold
    Request/ablility/suggestion/ obligation
    B. Sue is sohappy. Shemusthavewon a lotteryprize.
    Deduction/request/ offer/ obligation
    C. Youmaysitdown, ifyouwish
    Request/permission/obligation /Prohibition
  • 27. D. Youshouldlisten to what hesays
    ability/suggestion/ permission/ obligation
    E. Steve can´t havegone to church. He ´s anatheist
    Deduction/ ability/ obligation/ prohibition