Modal verbs
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Modal verbs

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    Modal verbs Modal verbs Presentation Transcript

    • Teacher: Kátia Rosa Azevedo2ªsérie matutino3ºbimestreSlide 1VERBOS MODAIS (MODAL VERBS)
    • The modal verbs are
      Can = poder
      Could = poder (passado)
      May = poder
      Might = poder
      Must = dever
      Should = dever
      Ought to = dever
    • No (to ) in theinfinitiveform
      to can (wrong) - can (correct)
      to must(wrong) – must (correct)
    • No (to) afterthe modal verbs
      I can (to) dance (NO)
      I can dance
      exception : ought to
      Youought to do yourlessons
      você deveria fazer sua lição
    • Negativeform
      Can = can´t, cannot
      Could = couldnot – couldn´t
      May = maynot
      Might = mightnot, mightn´t
      Must = mustn´t, mustnot
      Should = shouldnot, shouldn´t
      Ought to = oughtnot to, oughtn´t
    • Interrogativeform
      Inverte a posição do sujeito com verbo
      ShecanspeakEnglish
      CanshespeakEnglish?
    • No s in thethirdperson
      I can
      Youcan
      He can
      Shecan
      It can
      Wecan
      Theycan
    • MODAL VERBS
      verbos auxiliares modais são verbos que só ocorrem na presença de outro verbo
      I can ride a bike
      Youmayberight
      Shemuststayher
      Youshouldread
    • Não têm passado nem futuro (com exceção do can).
      Devido à alta freqüência com que ocorrem na língua, os verbos modais tornam-se imprescindíveis
    • Can - Could
      ability:
      I canspeakEnglish - Eu consigo falar inglês.
      Wecanseethelakefromourbedroom.
      (Nós podemos ver o lago da janela do nosso quarto).
      permission:
      Can I smokehere? - Posso fumar aqui?
      Can I leaveearly?Deduction (can´t)
      Steve can´t havegone to church. He ´s anatheist
    • Can - Could
      Pedidos e Solicitações
      Canyouchangethis light bulb for me?
      Deduction
      Brad can´t besick. I spoke to himten minutes ago.
    • Could funciona como passado e como futuro do pretérito de can:
      passado:
      I couldn'tspeakEnglishbeforegoing to England.
      Youcouldn'tsmoke in thepresenceofyourparentsatthat time.
      Eu não sabia falar inglês antes de ir para a Inglaterra.
      Não se podia fumar na presença dos pais, naquela época.
    • Could- futuro do pretérito
      Youcouldhavecalled me.
      Couldyou do me a favor?
      Pedir e dar permissão
      - Você poderia ter me ligado.
      Você poderia me fazer um favor?
    • May
      Permission:
      May I smokehere? Posso fumar aqui?
      May I take some ofyourpainkiller?
      Possibility:
      It mayraintoday. Pode ser que chova hoje
      I maybesufferingfromaneatingdisorder.
    • Might
      remotepossibility:
      It mightrainthis weekend.
      É capaz de chover no próximo fim de semana.
    • Should
      Advice:
      Youshouldstudy more.
      Youshouldn´t overeat
      Você deveria estudar mais.
    • Must
      Prohibition:
      Youmustn'tget out ofbed.
      Você não pode sair da cama.
      Obligation/necessidade
      Youmuststop smoking.
      Você tem que parar de fumar.
    • MUST: é usado para dizermos que alguma coisa que temos certeza é verdadeira.Inference, logicaldeduction.
      Linda mustgetverybored in herjob. She does thesamethingeveryday.
      (Linda deve ficar muito chateada em seu emprego. Ela faz a mesma coisa o dia todo).
      He musthavetheflu. He hasallthetypicalsymptoms.
      You’vebeentravellingallday. Youmustbetired.
      (Você viajou o dia todo. Você deve estar cansado).
    • HAVE TO:é usado para dizermos que realmente é necessário fazer alguma coisa. (ter que)
      Exemplos: Youcan’tturnrighthere. Youhave toturnleft.
      (Você não pode virar a direita aqui. Você tem de virar a esquerda).
      Myeyesightisn’tverygood. I have towearglasses for reading.
      (Minha visão não está muito boa. Eu tenho de usar óculos para ler). 
    • Must / have towe use mustandhave to toexplainthatsomething is necessary
      I have to phone Jan at 9:00
      I mustfinishmyhomeworkbefore 8:00
    • SHOULD: é usado para dar conselhos ou opiniões.
      Exemplos: 
      Youlooktired. Youshouldgo to bed.
      (Você parece cansado. Você deveria ir para a cama).
      Youshouldn’tbelieveeverythingyouread in thenewspapers.
      (Você não deveria acreditar em tudo que você lê nos jornais).
    • Mustn´t/ don´t have tohavedifferentmeanings
      Mustn´t describes na actionwhich is prohibited
      youmustn´t crosstheroadwhenthered light is showing
      Don´t have to describesanactionwhich is notnecessary –youhave a choice
      youdon´t have to do that
    • Fill in the blanks with MUST or MUSTN’T
      1. She is ill , so she____  see the doctor.
      2. It is raining. You______  take your umbrella.
      3. You _____ throw litter on the stairs.
       
      4. This is a secret. You _______ tell anybody.
      5. You ______ make noise in the library.
       
       
      .
       
      6. We  hurry or we will miss the bus.
      7. You  _____eat fruit and vegetables.
       
      8. The baby is sleeping. You _____ shout.
      9. You ______ be friendly to everybody.
       
      10. You______  walk on the grass.  
    • CIRCLE THE CORRECT ONE must or mustn´t
       
      1. You   --  light fires in the forests.
       
      2. You    --- do your homework
       
      3. You   ---  wash your face every morning.
       
      4. You  ------  drink cold water.
       
      5. You--------     watch TV a lot.
       
      6. You  ------   eat in class.
       
      7. You -----   be late for class.
      8. You-------    listen to your teacher.
       
      9. You   -------  give place to old people.
       
      10. You  -------be polite.
       
      11. You -------   fasten your seat belt.
      13. You------    speak loudly in hospitals
    • Use should / shouldn't / mustn't
      1. We______  invite the Nortons to our party. They are nice people.
      2. Young children_______ stay at home on their own.
      3. Before you go to the dentist's, you_______  brush your teeth.
      4. You________  smoke in bed!
      5. You ___________ shut the windows because it is raining.
      6. You_______  forget her birthday again.
      7. You_______  go to the theatre when you are in Vienna. It's great.
      8. They______ tell her about John's accident. She could break down.
      9. You________  cross the street when the traffic lights are red.
    • What are thesesentencesexpressing?
      A. Sally couldpraywhenshewastwoyearsold
      Request/ablility/suggestion/ obligation
      B. Sue is sohappy. Shemusthavewon a lotteryprize.
      Deduction/request/ offer/ obligation
      C. Youmaysitdown, ifyouwish
      Request/permission/obligation /Prohibition
    • D. Youshouldlisten to what hesays
      ability/suggestion/ permission/ obligation
      E. Steve can´t havegone to church. He ´s anatheist
      Deduction/ ability/ obligation/ prohibition