• Large water birds with long beaks and large
• It is a carnivore, so its diet consists mainly of
• There are about 8 species of Pelicans around
• Commonly found from the tropics to
• Not found on Polar regions, the oceans, or in
the interior of South America.
A Pelican’s throat pouch.
The Pelican are famous for its’ throat
pouch. They use their elastic pouches to
catch its prey and draining water.
Different species use the throat pouch
differently. Majority scoop up their prey.
They do not store the fish in their
They use them to only catch their fish and
tip their head backwards to drain the
water and swallow the fish immediately.
Pelicans that has scooped up its prey.
Average life span:10 to 25 years or
Size: Body, 5.8 ft (1.8 m);
wingspan, 10 ft (3 m)
Weight: 30 lbs (13 kg)
Size relative to a 6-ft (2m) man
Although they are the Pelicans
are one of the heaviest of flying
birds, they are relatively light
for their apparent bulk because
of air pockets in the skeleton
and beneath the skin enabling
them to float high in the water.
Many pelicans fish by
swimming in cooperative
groups. They may form a line or
a "U" shape and drive fish into
shallow water by beating their
wings on the surface
The pelican lays eggs to its young.
Pelicans usually lay about 3-4 eggs
Pelicans are commonly found widespread
on: freshwater land, marine wet lands,
waterways including lakes, swamps, rivers,
coastal islands and shores.
The pelicans are commonly found in
nesting colonies that can reach 40 000
The Pelican is a very resourceful animal because of its lower bill has a throat pouch
that acts as a basket to catch fish and collect water.
Both male and female pelicans work together to make the nest for their young and
they both feed their very young and take care of them.
a. Is there any hardships that the animal has had
Yes. Pelicans have been persecuted by humans for frequent competition for fish, despite the fact that their
diet overlaps little with fish caught by people.
Since the 1880s, Pelicans were clubbed and shot, their eggs and young were destroyed, and their feeding
and nesting sites were degraded by water management schemes and wetland drainage.
Pelicans were oftently encounter oil spills. Their bodies get covered with sticky oil which could hamper their
ability to regulate their body temperature. They also have trouble with reproducing and affected its diet.
Some pelicans that
were affected in Oil
spill in the Gulf of
A pelican being
by a team from Fort
Jackson, LA rescue
b.What is being done to help theirsurvival?
Currently, rescue teams find for pelicans affected by oil spills and thoroughly wash
them, not leaving any oil left on its body.
They make sure that the pelicans are in clean and good condition.
a. What are some defense
mechanisms the animal has
to protect itself?
When it comes to fighting or agonistic behaviour,
the pelican will thrust or snap at their opponent
with their bill.
They can also lift or wave their wings in a
theatening manner .
1. There are _______ species of
pelicans in the world.
2. Which of the following are false
about the dangers that Pelican
b) Oil Spills
d) Degration of habitat