HUMANISM <ul><li>End (for a while) of god-kings </li></ul><ul><li>“ Man is the measure of all things” – Protagoras </li></ul><ul><li>Plenty of gods but no sacred text or dogma </li></ul><ul><li>Art reveals a delight in the human form </li></ul>
amphora ca. 530 B.C.; Archaic Attributed to the Euphiletos Painter Greek Terracotta; H. 24 1/2 in. Human figures as decoration Black-figure technique
Hellenistic (323-145 BC) <ul><li>Works more dramatic </li></ul><ul><li>First to look back on “the good ol’ days” – Classical Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander’s empire </li></ul><ul><li>Other philosophies: Skepticism, Epicureanism, Stoicism </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t really end in 145 BC; continues while attention shifts to Rome, which invades Greece in 145 BC </li></ul>
Change in Greek sculpture An illustration of the 3 periods
kouros Kouros monumental sculpture of human (6 ft.)
What is a kouros? free-standing nude MALE youth. MALE = IDEAL sculpture would be outside a temple or serve as a grave-marker possibly a god, but usually a human athlete rigid symmetry from Egyptian roots "stylized geometry" note – the term is singular
The first evidence of change in sculpture <ul><li>Kritios boy </li></ul><ul><li>No Archaic smile </li></ul><ul><li>New idea . . . Contrapposto (w eight shift; literally, “placed opposite”) </li></ul><ul><li>Idealized form - perfection </li></ul>
<ul><li>A portico (from Italian ) is a porch that is leading to the entrance of a building, or extended as a colonnade , with a roof structure over a walkway, supported by columns or enclosed by walls. This idea first appeared in Ancient Greece and has influenced many cultures, including most Western cultures. </li></ul><ul><li>Some famous examples of porticos are the East Portico of the United States Capitol , and the portico adorning the Pantheon in Rome . </li></ul>
This Caryatid porch from ancient Athens, Greece has Ionic dentils
3rd 9 WEEKS PROJECT: <ul><li>Greek Influence on Modern Day Architecture Project Part 1 : </li></ul><ul><li>Find examples of buildings in your community and the United States that display features of Greek Classical Architecture. Look through the internet, history books or take pictures of houses that feature Greek architecture. You need to point out specific features, such as porticos, friezes, dentils, and columns, that reflect the Greek style of architecture. * Minimum of 5 pictures - Each picture must be labeled with the name of the building or the location and the features of the Classical Greek Architecture must be described. - Pictures must be glued on a poster board no larger than 11x17. - Presentation must be neat (No night before it's due rush work!!!) Part 2 : </li></ul><ul><li>Construct a 3-D model of a famous structure/building that has Classical Greek architecture (from modern to classical) or create your own structure/building using the Greek architecture features. * You may use any material you wish, for example, wood, clay, styrofoam, etc. The models could be any color and you can add trees, mini fountains, grass, anything to make it interesting (if you wish). BE CREATIVE! * Models must be no larger than 8x12 (about the size of a regular sheet of notebook paper). Project Due: Per. 5 – February 5 th , 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Per. 2, 4, and 6 – February 4 th , 2010 </li></ul>
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