Ancient Greek Culture


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Ancient Greek Culture

  2. 2. HUMANISM <ul><li>End (for a while) of god-kings </li></ul><ul><li>“ Man is the measure of all things” – Protagoras </li></ul><ul><li>Plenty of gods but no sacred text or dogma </li></ul><ul><li>Art reveals a delight in the human form </li></ul>
  3. 3. amphora ca. 530 B.C.; Archaic Attributed to the Euphiletos Painter Greek Terracotta; H. 24 1/2 in. Human figures as decoration Black-figure technique
  4. 4. Red-on-black See Pg. 114
  5. 5. Three periods <ul><li>Archaic (650-490 BC) </li></ul><ul><li>Classical ( 480 -323 BC) </li></ul><ul><li>Hellenistic (323-145 BC) </li></ul>about 500 years in all
  6. 6. Archaic <ul><li>Epic and lyric poetry </li></ul><ul><li>Evolution and change in works such as in terracotta from black figure to red figure </li></ul><ul><li>Pythagoras </li></ul>
  7. 7. Classical (480-323 BC) <ul><li>Plato, Aristotle (Pg. 113) </li></ul><ul><li>Theater – comedy & tragedy Sophocles : Oedipus Rex , Antigone (play titles) </li></ul>about 150 years
  8. 8. Hellenistic (323-145 BC) <ul><li>Works more dramatic </li></ul><ul><li>First to look back on “the good ol’ days” – Classical Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander’s empire </li></ul><ul><li>Other philosophies: Skepticism, Epicureanism, Stoicism </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t really end in 145 BC; continues while attention shifts to Rome, which invades Greece in 145 BC </li></ul>
  9. 9. Change in Greek sculpture An illustration of the 3 periods
  10. 10. kouros Kouros monumental sculpture of human (6 ft.)
  11. 11. What is a kouros? free-standing nude MALE youth. MALE = IDEAL sculpture would be outside a temple or serve as a grave-marker possibly a god, but usually a human athlete rigid symmetry from Egyptian roots &quot;stylized geometry&quot; note – the term is singular
  12. 12. kore Kore - female
  13. 13. The Archaic Smile
  14. 14. The first evidence of change in sculpture <ul><li>Kritios boy </li></ul><ul><li>No Archaic smile </li></ul><ul><li>New idea . . . Contrapposto (w eight shift; literally, “placed opposite”) </li></ul><ul><li>Idealized form - perfection </li></ul>
  15. 15. Kritios boy Ideal proportions? CLASSICAL
  16. 16. Poseidon/Zeus ? dynamic pose! bronze
  17. 17. Discobolus Discus Thrower (Discobolus) by Myron
  18. 18. Hermes and Dionysis S-curve
  19. 19. Riace Warrior
  20. 20. Laoco ö n and his two sons (lay ahk a wan) <ul><li>HELLENISTIC </li></ul><ul><li>- dramatic! </li></ul><ul><li>c. 150 BC </li></ul>
  21. 21. More Hellenistic examples Copy after bronze original
  22. 22. More Hellenistic examples Copy after bronze original
  23. 23. More Hellenistic examples – Athena Slaying Giant, Pergamon, c, 180 BC
  24. 24. More Hellenistic examples
  26. 27. Ancient Greek Architecture : Small Greek Temple Exterior
  27. 28. Ancient Greek Architecture : Greek Mouldings
  28. 29. Greek Columns : Corinthian Column - Divided
  29. 30. Greek Columns : Acanthus and Volutes
  30. 31. Greek Columns : Ionic Column - Divided
  31. 32. Three Styles of Greek Temples Ionic              
  32. 33. Corinthian
  33. 34. Doric
  34. 37. <ul><li>A portico (from Italian ) is a porch that is leading to the entrance of a building, or extended as a colonnade , with a roof structure over a walkway, supported by columns or enclosed by walls. This idea first appeared in Ancient Greece and has influenced many cultures, including most Western cultures. </li></ul><ul><li>Some famous examples of porticos are the East Portico of the United States Capitol , and the portico adorning the Pantheon in Rome . </li></ul>
  35. 38. Under the portico of the Pantheon
  36. 39. Portico of the White House
  37. 41. This Caryatid porch from ancient Athens, Greece has Ionic dentils
  38. 42. 3rd 9 WEEKS PROJECT: <ul><li>Greek Influence on Modern Day Architecture Project Part 1 : </li></ul><ul><li>Find examples of buildings in your community and the United States that display features of Greek Classical Architecture.  Look through the internet, history books or take pictures of houses that feature Greek architecture. You need to point out specific features, such as porticos, friezes, dentils, and columns, that reflect the Greek style of architecture.        * Minimum of 5 pictures - Each picture must be labeled with the name of the building or the location and the features of the Classical Greek Architecture must be described. - Pictures must be glued on a poster board no larger than 11x17.  - Presentation must be neat (No night before it's due rush work!!!) Part 2 : </li></ul><ul><li>Construct a 3-D model of a famous structure/building that has Classical Greek architecture (from modern to classical) or create your own structure/building using the Greek architecture features.       * You may use any material you wish, for example, wood, clay, styrofoam, etc.  The models could be any color and you can add trees, mini fountains, grass, anything to make it interesting (if you wish). BE CREATIVE!       * Models must be no larger than 8x12 (about the size of a regular sheet of notebook paper). Project Due:  Per. 5 – February 5 th , 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Per. 2, 4, and 6 – February 4 th , 2010 </li></ul>