1. Meningitis is a disease
covering the brain and
spinal cord known as the
inflammation is usually
caused by an infection of
the fluid surrounding the
brain and spinal cord.
1. It is suggested that HIPPOCRATES may have realized
existence of meningitis.
2. First recorded major outbreak ---GENEVA 1805
3. In Africa ---1840, more common in 20th century
4. Mortality rate was high(upto 90 %) in early reports
5. Penicillin was first reported to be effective in
9. LAB WORK
CBC w/diff,chem 10
CT head w/o contrast
Lumbar puncture and CSF studies
•Cerebritis and cranial nerve lesion
•Ventriculitis and ventriculopathy
•Extra axial collections
this vaccine is also called inactivated polio
vaccine or IPV
prevent a disease called polio.
Infants and children usually get 4 doses of IPV.
The vaccine is usually given at ages 2 months, 4
months, between 6 and 18 months, and between
4 and 6 years of age.
prevent measles, mumps, and rubella.
Children 1 year of age and older get 2 doses.
usually given between ages 15 and 18 months
and again between ages 4 and 6 years.
prevent infection with varicella
Children usually get 2 chickenpox
The first dose usually is given between
12 and 15 months of age.
The second dose usually is given
between 4 and 6 years of age.
Any older child or adult who is not
fully vaccinated or who has never had
chickenpox should receive the vaccine
prevent influenza (flu).
older than age 6 months should
get a yearly influenza vaccine.
usually in october or november
15. PRETREATMENT EVALUATION
History — the following historical
information should be obtained before
antimicrobial therapy of presumed
bacterial meningitis is instituted.
●Serious drug allergies
●Recent exposure to someone with
●A recent infection (especially
respiratory or ear infection)
●Recent use of antibiotics
●Recent travel, particularly to areas
with endemic meningococcal disease
such as sub-Saharan Africa
●A history of injection drug use
●Otorrhea or rhinorrhea
16. PREVENTIVE MEASURES
Clean surfaces with soap and water. Disinfect with a solution that
has water and chlorine-containing bleach.
Completely heat chilled foods before you eat or serve them.
Discard tissue after you wipe or blow your nose.
Wash your hands often with soap and water.
Do not share food or drinks.
17. DIET FOR MENINGITIS
• In the case of meningitis fruits and vegetables that are rich in vitamins A, B, C,
D and E such as watermelon, grapefruit, cantaloupes, papaya, broccoli,
carrots, cabbage and dark green leafy vegetables are very helpful in
strengthening the immune system
• foods to avoid include dairy products, meats, sugary foods, white flour foods,
salt, caffeinated beverages and even alcoholic drinks.