Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Lecture 9.9 found of individ post
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Lecture 9.9 found of individ post

1,154

Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,154
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
28
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Foundations of Individual Behavior
  • 2. Learning Objectives <ul><li>Define key biographical characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Identify two types of ability </li></ul><ul><li>Shape the behavior of others </li></ul><ul><li>Examine four schedules of reinforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Clarify the role of punishment in learning </li></ul>
  • 3. Biographical Characteristics Age
  • 4. Biographical Characteristics Gender
  • 5. Biographical Characteristics Marital Status
  • 6. Biographical Characteristics Tenure
  • 7. Intellectual Abilities <ul><li>Number aptitude </li></ul><ul><li>Verbal comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>Perceptual speed </li></ul><ul><li>Inductive reasoning </li></ul><ul><li>Deductive reasoning </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial visualization </li></ul><ul><li>Memory ability </li></ul>
  • 8. Flexibility Factors Strength Factors Basic Physical Abilities Other Factors
  • 9. The Ability-Job Fit <ul><li>Abilities of the employee </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements of the job </li></ul>
  • 10. Classical Conditioning
  • 11.  
  • 12. Operant Conditioning
  • 13.  
  • 14. Social Learning Theory Learn by observing others and through direct experiences Models have influence when the following processes occur: Get rewarded Reinforcement Motor Reproduction Retention Attentional Reconize Remember Do
  • 15. Methods of Shaping Behavior Negative Reinforcement Positive Reinforcement Extinction Punishment
  • 16. Types of Reinforcement <ul><li>Continuous </li></ul><ul><li>Intermittent </li></ul>Reinforces desired behavior every time Reinforces desired behavior often enough to make behavior worth repeating
  • 17. Schedules of Reinforcement Fixed- Interval Fixed- Ratio Variable- Ratio Variable- Interval Interval Ratio Variable Fixed
  • 18. Behavior Modification: Emery Air Freight
  • 19. Behavior Modification <ul><li>Critical behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Baseline data </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Intervention strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Performance improvement </li></ul>
  • 20. Organizational Applications <ul><li>Lotteries to reduce absenteeism </li></ul><ul><li>Well pay versus sick pay </li></ul><ul><li>Training programs </li></ul><ul><li>Mentoring programs </li></ul>

×