MOTIVATION

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MOTIVATION

  1. 1. ROSABEL ANDRADE RAMIREZ<br />2009<br />
  2. 2. OUTLINE<br />OBJECTIVE: To present, analyze and discuss some important points about motivation.<br />At the end of this presentation attendants will have in mind:<br />A concept of motivation<br />To difference the orientations of motivation<br />To identify the aspects of learning motivation<br />To have in mind different ways to maintain motivation in the classroom.<br />
  3. 3. WHAT IS MOTIVATION??<br /><ul><li>Motivation is the reason for somebody’s action; cause somebody’s act in a particular way; inspire. ( Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary).
  4. 4. Motivation is the thoughts and feelings that make us want to do something, continue to want to do it and turn our wishes into action. (Spratt Mary, Pulverness Alan, Williams Melanie; the TKT course).</li></li></ul><li>Whatdo you think are thekeywordsthat describe motivation??<br /><ul><li>Goal
  5. 5. Energy
  6. 6. Effort
  7. 7. Desire
  8. 8. Inspire
  9. 9. Persistence
  10. 10. Interest
  11. 11. Challenge</li></li></ul><li>PERSPECTIVES FROM THE APPROACHES<br />
  12. 12. NEEDS<br /><ul><li>Exploration
  13. 13. Manipulation
  14. 14. Activity
  15. 15. Stimulation
  16. 16. Knowledge
  17. 17. Ego enhancement</li></li></ul><li>Thinkaboutthereason you decidedtostudyEnglish. <br />
  18. 18. INSTRUMENTAL AND INTEGRATIVE ORIENTATIONS<br />
  19. 19. Degree of impact of orientation<br /><ul><li>EducationalContext
  20. 20. Cultural milieu
  21. 21. TeachingMethodology
  22. 22. Social Interaction
  23. 23. Individual learner</li></li></ul><li>Which of thefollowingsituations are instrumental orintegrative?<br /><ul><li>Reading technical material
  24. 24. MarrywithanEnglish.
  25. 25. Translate</li></li></ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wh_cHUgHVKw&feature=related<br />
  26. 26. ASPECTS OF LEARNING MOTIVATION<br />IntrinsicMotivation: Pursue a goalfortheirownselfperceivedneeds and goals.(Maslow)<br />ExtrinsicMotivation: Toreceiveanexternalrewardfromsomeone.<br />
  27. 27. Maslow’sHierarchy of Needs<br />
  28. 28. Observe thedifferentclasses: <br /><ul><li>whatgroup do you thinkwillperformbetter?
  29. 29. Whatelementswouldinfluencethemtobemotivated?
  30. 30. Howwould you promote a balance betweenextrinsic and Intrinsicrewards?</li></li></ul><li>INFLUENCES ON MOTIVATION<br />A Learner autonomy<br /> B Interest in the lesson<br /> C Interest in the target culture<br /> D The usefulness of learning the language<br /> E Personalization<br /> F Goal-setting<br /> G Support from others<br />H Self-confidence<br /> <br />
  31. 31. MOTIVATIONAL DICHOTOMIES<br />
  32. 32. PERSONALITY TYPES AND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION<br /><ul><li>Extroverted
  33. 33. Introverted
  34. 34. Sensing
  35. 35. Intuitive
  36. 36. Thinking
  37. 37. Feeling
  38. 38. Judging
  39. 39. Perceiving</li></li></ul><li>MEASURING AFFECTIVE FACTORS<br />
  40. 40. TEN COMMANDMENTS FOR MOTIVATING LEARNERS.<br />Set a personal examplewithyourownbehavior<br />Create a pleasant, relaxedatmosphere in theclassroom<br />Presentthetaskproperly<br />Develop a goodrelashionshipwithlearners<br />Increasethelearnersling[uisticselfconfidence<br />Makethelanguageclassesinteresting<br />Promotelearnerauthonomy<br />Personalizthelearnerprocess<br />Increasethelearners’ goalorientedness<br />Familiarizelearnerswiththe target languageANSWERS.docx<br />
  41. 41. WAYS OF MOTIVATING STUDENTS IN THE CLASSROOM<br />Pairwork<br />Theseating<br />Error correction<br />Roleplays<br />Usingrealia, flashcards, stories and songs.<br />Using audiovisual material<br />Makingtasksaccordingtotheirage and needs<br />Makingtaskschallenging<br />Using L1<br />
  42. 42. REFLECTION<br /><ul><li>What is Motivation?
  43. 43. What are the orientations of motivation?
  44. 44. What is the difference between Intrinsic and extrinsic stimulus?
  45. 45. How can you maintain motivation in the classroom?</li></li></ul><li>
  46. 46. CONCLUSIONS<br /><ul><li>Motivation is the thoughts and feelings that make us want to do something, continue to want to do it and turn our wishes into action.
  47. 47. When working with L2 or FL learners the teacher has to look for different strategies to push students to go forward through independence and quality learning.
  48. 48. People learn according to their needs, interests, goals and necessities.
  49. 49. There are different factors that involve learning.
  50. 50. Motivation helps make learning successful.</li></li></ul><li>REFERENCES<br /><ul><li>Brown, H.,Douglas (2000) Pinciples of Languagelearning and Teaching.
  51. 51. Dörnyei, Z. (1994). Motivation and motivating in the foreign language classroom. The Modern Language Journal, 78, 273-284.
  52. 52. Gardner, R. C., & MacIntyre, P. D. (1991). An instrumental motivation in language study: Who says it isn't effective? Studies in SecondLanguage Acquisition, 13, 57-72.
  53. 53. Spratt, Mary., Pulverness, Alan., Williams, Melanie. The TKT TeachingKnowledge Test Course, 38, 39, 40. </li></ul> http://www.box.net/shared/0jvnn8tnzm<br />www.businessballs.com/maslow.htm<br />www.teachingenglish.org.uk/blogs/alexenoamen/ways-motivating-efl-esl-students-classroom<br />www.youtube.com/watch?v=E8Byn--GmTk&feature=related<br />www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wh_cHUgHVKw&feature=related<br />www.youtube.com/watch?v=j48rTaKYPrY&feature=related<br />
  54. 54. THANK YOU!!!<br />

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