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# Tips menjawab soalan kps

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Teknik-teknik menjawab soalan Bahagian B untuk mata pelajaran Sains sekolah rendah.

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### Tips menjawab soalan kps

1. 1. PAPER FORMAT BILINGUAL (ENGLISH OR B. MALAYSIA)SECTION TYPES OF NUMBER OF TIME TOTAL QUESTIONS QUESTIONS ALLOCATED MARKS (%) A Objective: Multiple Choice 30 45 minutes 30 60 questions Combination of Multiple choice B Structured 4-5 30 minutes 20 40 Total 50 100
2. 2. OBJECTIVES QUESTIONS Element 2 Element 1 Interpretation Extrapolation Fact TerminologyPrinciple Understanding Knowledge method Translation Classifying sequence Element 3 Application
3. 3. Multiple choiceWhich of the following is not true about force?Yang manakah antara berikut tidak benar tentang daya? A. Force can be seen Daya boleh dilihat B. Effect of force can be felt Kesan daya boleh dirasa C. Force can change the shape of object Daya boleh mengubah bentuk objek D. Force can change the motion direction of object Daya boleh mengubah arah pergerakan objek
4. 4. Combination of multiple choice questionsThe babies of these animals look like their parent exceptAnak anak haiwan ini merupai ibunya mereka kecuali A I and II only B I and III only C II and IV only D III and IV only
5. 5. Subjective Question1. The following information shows the number of tigers in the jungle. Maklumat di bawah menunjukkan bilangan harimau di dalam sebuah hutan.Year 2004 2005 2006 2007TahunThe number of tiger 7 6 5 4Bilangan harimaua. What is the trend of change in the number of tigers from the year 2004 to 2007? Apakah pola perubahan harimau dalam hutan dari Tahun 2004 to 2007? Decreasingb. Give one reason (inference) for your answer in (a) Beri satu alasan (inferen) bagi jawapan anda di (a) Illegal hunting to get their skin ( English)  Diburu secara haram untuk dapatkan kulit (BM)  Diburu secara haram to get their kulit
6. 6. Subjective questions An orange is left on the table and its conditions are observed every week. Sebiji limau diletakkan di atas meja dan keadaannya diperhatikan setiap minggu.a) Give one reason (inference) for the change in the conditions of the orange. Berikan satu sebab (inferens) tentang perubahan keadaan limau tersebut. Fungi grow on it ……………………………………………………………………………………b) Based on the above information, Berdasarkan maklumat di atas, i) What is changed (Manipulated Variable)? Apa yang diubah (Pembolehubah Manipulasi)? Number of weeks ……………………………………………………................................................ ii) What is observed (Responding Variable)? Apa yang diperhatikan (Pembolehubah Bergerakbalas). Keadaan buah oren/The condition of orange ......................................................................................................................
7. 7. Subjective Questiona. Observationb. Inferencec. Predictiond. Hypothesise. Variables: i. What to change {manipulative} ii. What to measure {responding} iii. What to keep the same {control}f. Interpreting data: i. Aim ii. Data Relationship iii. Trend / Pattern iv. Conclusion
8. 8. Construct FACT: Recall information that you have learnt. The microorganism above is a____________ A. Fungi B. Protozoa C. Bacteria D. virus
9. 9. Construct TERMIMOLOGY: Explain the uses of term . Object Q is an opaque material. Q Which of the following describe object Q ? A. The material does not allow light pass through B. The material allows only some light to pass through C. The material allows all light pass through D. The material allows only the brightest light to pass through
10. 10. Construct METHOD: Handle things, method of investigation or procedure used. A group of students is investigating a plant growth. Which of the following should be done? I Measure the height of the plant II Count the number of roots III Count the number of flowers IV Measure the size of the stem A. I and III only B. I and IV only C. II and IV only D. III and IV only
11. 11. Construct CLASSIFYING: Group things together sets and subsets. 1.Which of the characteristics are suitable for the animals shown below ? Having a thick fur Wallowing in mud A B C D
12. 12. Construct SEQUENCE: Arrange things accordingly. The diagram shows a few stages of life cycle of a frog. . L M N O P Arrange the stages to show the life cycle of a frog. A. M N P L O B. O M N L P C. L M N O P D. M P L N O
13. 13. Mercury - MyMercuryVenus - veryEarth - ExcellentMars - MotherJupiter - JustSaturn - ServeUranus - UsNeptune - NicePluto - Pizza
14. 14. Construct TRANSLATION: Ability to translate through observation from one form to another The diagram shows water droplets on the surface of a glass Water droplets What process has taken place? A. Freezing B. Boiling C. Condensation D. Evaporation
15. 15. PRINCIPLE: Knowledge of main ideas, used forConstruct arranging or formation of phenomena. The diagram shows a dented can after being hit What is explained from his observation? A. Force can be seen B. Force can move a stationary object C. Force can change the motion of an object D. Force can change the shape of an object
16. 16. Construct INTERPRETING: Giving new ideas or new information without changing the original context. Graph, Table chart, Picture Time (min) 0 2 4 6 8 10 Temperature ( oC) 26 32 38 46 55 70 What conclusion can be made? A The water is boiling B The water is being cooled C The water is being heated D The water is being expose to sunlight
17. 17. Construct EXTRAPOLATION :Making forecast from data or graph on what might happen The figure shows a tree in a field. N sunlight W E S Which of the following show the correct shadow with it’s time?A. B. C. D. 3.00 pm 7.00 am 5.00 pm 11.00 am
18. 18. APPLICATION: Solve problems to new situations byConstruct applying science knowledge The hot coffee in the Diagram gets cooler faster if I the coffee is stirred II the coffee is covered III the coffee is exposed underneath the fan A I only B I and II only C II and III only D I and III only
19. 19. Science Process Skills O bse O rv ng bserviingInferenceInference ables ariiables V ar V Predict Predict thes s Hypothesiis HypoInterpretInterpret dat dataa in rategies g sttrategies Answerring s Answe
20. 20. Study Guide Observation Observation Looking for information State what you see in the picture, table, graph • the differences • the changes occurred ObservationQuestion Key Information State one observation…. given What can you say ……. What can you see from the …….. Answer Key Write the changes or differences in the diagrams / graphs / tables eg: The size of the plants in Pot A is bigger than the plant in pot B. The poles of a magnet attract many paper clips. The number of animals decrease.
21. 21. Observation Looking for information cupboard differences P QState one observation based on the picturePlant Q stayed healthy and Plant P is wilted.
22. 22. Observation Looking for information 2005 1995 2000 Changes occurreda. State one observation about the number of trees in the forest every 5 years. The number of trees in the forest increase every 5 years.
23. 23. 1. The diagram below show three towels of the same size and thickness dried under the hot sun. Towel R is not folded. Towel S is folded into two and towel T is folded into four. Towel R Towel S Towel T Towel R S T Time taken for towel to dry ( minutes ) 30 60 120( a ) What can you say about the time taken for towel R to dry compared to towels S and T ? Towel R took the fastest time to dry compared to towel S and T
24. 24. Inference Inference ControlledExplain your observation.Give reason based on your observation.Question Key Inference Any logic inference is Give your inference based on …………… accepted Explain you observation Give reason for your answer in ………….. State the possible reason for your observation What can you infer………….Answer Key • Plant A wilted because of not enough sunlight. • because it didn’t have enough………….. • action of bacteria.
25. 25. Give a reason why the orange rottten after two weeks?Because microorganism / bacteria / fungi can cause food to spoil
26. 26. Observation Looking for information 2005 1995 2000a. State one observation about the number of trees in the forest every 5 years. The number of trees in the forest increase every 5 years. b. Give two reasons based on your answer in ( a) Replanting of trees Develop forest reserve Inference Any logic inference is accepted
27. 27. Observation Inference Information given Controlled METHOD P METHOD QRahmat is carrying out an investigation by pulling a load using simple machine.Rahmat finds it is easier to pull the load using method Q than method P. State an inference based on your observation Method Q is easier because it has incline plane / plank
28. 28. Figure shows two different blocks were pushed along on the mirror surface . Wooden block P Wooden block Q50g 100gObservation: The wooden block P moves farther than the wooden block QWhy wooden block P moves farther than the wooden block Q?Because block P lighter than block Q Information givenblock P smaller than block Qblock Q heavier than block Pblock Q bigger than block P
29. 29. A B1. a. State one observation based on this experiment Magnet A attract more paper clips than magnet B b. What can you infer from the observation in (1a) Magnet B has been heated Inference Any logic inference is has been knocked many times accepted has been dropped many times
30. 30. VariablesThe things you select in a fair test / experiment What will you change (manipulated) [W2C] What will you measure (responding) [W2M] What must you keep the same to make a fair test (control) [W2S]Question Key Based on the investigation/experiment state the following (a) What is changed (manipulated) [W2C] (b) What is kept the same ( control /constant) [W2S] (c) What is measured (responding) [W2M]Answer Key Parameter size of the + object ice-cube amount of water presence of sunlight type of plant
31. 31. 1.2.3.
32. 32. APAI’ ESTATE JOHAN’S ESTATE AVERAGE PER TREE AVERAGE PER TREE 100 MANGOES 200 MANGOESa. Based on the investigation state the following i what is changed: The distance between each mango tree Number of mangoes // fruits ii what is measured: Size of the estate // iii what is kept the same: Amount of fertilizer // Type of tree
33. 33. Many paper clips strong Reason ( W2C )observation ( W2M ) Few paper clips weak Number of The strength of the paper clip magnet W2M – number of paper clips W2C- the strength of magnet W2S - Size of the magnet
34. 34. How to identify variables from the tables of result Distance of the object from the torch W2C (Reason) Size of the shadow Temperature Number of W2M (Observation) tomatoes Year Number of animal in X Number of animals in Y
35. 35. 3. Identify ( W2C), ( W2M ) from the graph. changes( W2M ) (W2C ) (W2C ) W2M
36. 36. The diagram is a report in a science scrap book Waste materials Can decay easily Cannot decay easily Group Q Group P Meat glass Paper Metal objects wood Tin cansState the things in this fair test that areChange : Type of materialsObserve : Ability to decay
37. 37. Diagram below shows an investigation carried out by Fiza. She puts three different sizes of sponge in three containers. Each container contains 500 ml water 500 ml 500 ml water water Container P Container Q Container R P Q R After 15 minutes, she recorded the volume of water left in the container. The result are shown in the table below. Container P Q R Volume of water left / ml 400 250 100What to change Sizes of spongeWhat to measure Volume of water left
38. 38. The Factors that Cause Rusting thread thread oil nail pipe boiled water nail dry air water nail nail oil dried calcium chloride In this experiment state, i. What is changed Presence of air and water ii. What is observed Condition of the nail
39. 39. a. In the investigation, state i. What is change: Presence of sunlight ii. What is observed: Condition of plants iii. What is kept the same: Type of plant Presence of water
40. 40. a. In this experiment, state Type of surface i. what is changed: ii. what is measured Distance the toy car travelled iii. what is kept the same: Type of toy car
41. 41. 50 g 100g 150ga. In this experiment, state The mass of the object i. what is changed ii what is measured The length of the spring iii what is kept the same Type of spring Size of the spring
42. 42. 8.00 am 10:00 am WEST EAST WEST EAST 1.00 pm 4.00 pm WEST EAST WEST EASTBased on this investigation, state the following i. what is changed: Time of investigation ii. what is measured: Length of the shadow iii. what is kept the same: Length of the stick
43. 43. Predicting Using the data / from past experience, state what will happen nextQuestion Key What will happen if……………? Predict the number of …….? Estimate the number…………?Answer Key Study the trend / pattern changes Predict the number 75oC / 10 g / 6cm Predict the situation It will stay healthy It will be extinct
44. 44. 9Time / minute 0 2 4 6 8 10 12Water temperature oC 30 40 50 60 70 80 90a. Predict the water temperature at the 9 minute. 75 o c 80 – 70 = 10 10 ÷ 2 = 5 70 + 5 = 75 or 80 - 5 = 75
45. 45. Number ofelephant 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Years Based on the trend, predict the number of elephant for 2007 Extinct
46. 46. Balsam plant Pot B Pot A What will happen to the plants in pot A and pot B after 2weeks? Balsam plant in pot A grow well than balsam plant in pot B Balsam plant in pot A taller than balsam plant in pot B The number of leaves in pot A more than plant in pot B
47. 47. Hypothesis General statement about objects/ phenomenon based on an observation whether it is true of false till it can be tested before carry out the fair test.Question KeyState one hypothesis for your investigation.Write one hypothesis…………Write one hypothesis based on the informationAnswer Key Use general statement based on “science concept” Plant needs water to stay alive. Light travels in straight line.Relate what to change and what to measure If the length of the string increase, the number of swing decrease. If the number of battery increase, the brightness of the bulb increase
48. 48. Using the information, write one hypothesis.Plant needs sunlight to stay alive
49. 49. 50 g 100g 150gState one hypothesis for this experimentIf the mass increase the length of the spring also increase
50. 50. The brightness of the bulb depend on the number of battery usedState one hypothesis for the statement above.If the number of battery increase, the brightness of the bulb also increaseIf more batteries are used, the bulbs will be brighter. The number of pupils effect the temperature of the roomWrite one hypothesis for the statement aboveIf the number of pupils in the room increase, the temperature of theroom also increase
51. 51. Interpreting DataWrite the aim / purpose of investigationState the trend of change in the dataState the relationship between the variablesState the conclusion for the experimentQuestion KeyWhat is the aim / purpose of the investigation?Based on the ….. state the trend in the………What is the relationship between……………..What conclusion can be made from this investigation?
52. 52. 1. Aim / purpose To find out the relationship between [W2C] and [W2M]2. Trend Increase : From small getting bigger or larger. From lower became higher Decrease: From bigger/larger getting smaller From higher getting lower Did not change / unchanged3. Relationship As (W2C) increase / decrease, the (W2M) increase/ decrease4. Conclusion As (W2C) increase / decrease, the (W2M) increase/ decrease Science concept: Plant needs water to stay alive Light can be reflected
53. 53. Aim / purpose Number Brightness of bulb of battery 1 Dim 2 Bright 3 Brighter State the aim of the investigation. To find out the relationship between number of batteries and the brightness of the bulb.
54. 54. Aim / purpose 3cm 6cm 9cm 12cm The length of 3cm 6cm 9cm 12cm string The number of 10 8 6 4 swing(1min) What is the aim of the investigation ? To find out the relationship between the length of string and the number of swing.
55. 55. Aim / purpose What do you want to know? To find out that plant needs water to stay alive
56. 56. TrendNumber of tigers 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Years a. What is the trend in the number of tigers from 2000 to 2005? Decreasing
57. 57. Trend Time Length of the shadows (cm) 12.00am 0 1:00 pm 20 2:00 pm 40 3:00 pm 60 4:00 pm 80 5.00 pm 100a. What is the trend for the length of the shadows from 12:00 noon to 5:00 pm? Increasing
58. 58. Relationshi p Fertilizer 0 1 2 3 (gm) Height of 0 1.0 1.5 2.0 plants (cm)What is the relationship between the amount of fertilizer and theheight of plants ? As the amount of fertilizer increase, the height of the plant increase.
59. 59. Relationshi p Week 1 2 3 4 Number of 20 30 40 50 frogs Number of 5 10 15 20 snakes What is the relationship between the number of frogs and snakes ? When the number of frog increase, the number of snake increase too
60. 60. Conclusion What conclusion can be made from this investigation? Plants need water to stay alive
61. 61. Conclusion Time ( min) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Water temperature C o 30 40 50 60 70 80 90a. What is the conclusion of the experiment? As the time to heat the water increase, the water temperature also increase
62. 62. Surrounding temperature (oC) 8 10 14 16 18 20 29 33Number of tomatoes 4 7 11 20 20 20 16 10Draw one conclusion.When the surrounding temperature is between 16 oC to 20 oC the mostnumber of tomatoes produced.
63. 63. TECHNIQUE FOR ANSWERING STRUCTURED QUESTIONS SPS1. Read the information given Study the diagram / graph / table of result1. Look for the 2 main variables a. What is changed (manipulated) b. What is measured ( measured)1. Study the trend / pattern changed Decreasing Increasing1. Use the key words to answer each question Aim Relationship Conclusion
64. 64. Position of the torch Screentorch ball X Y Z Position of the torch The size of the shadow X Y z
65. 65. In this investigation, state The position of the torch i. what is change………………………………………………. The size of the shadow ii what is measured…………………………………………….. Size of the ball iii what is kept the same………………………………………. State the relationship between the variables distance of the torch from the ball increase As the .............................................................................................. the size of the shadow decrease ............................................................................................................... Suggest way to make the size of the shadow bigger without moving the torch. Move the ball near to the torch …………………………………………………………………………………
66. 66. What ischanged Number of batteries 1 2 3 Brightness of the bulbs dim bright brightest What ismeasured a) In the investigation : number of batteries i. what is changed? ..................................................... brightness of the bulbs ii. What is measured? .....................................................b) What is the aim of the investigation ? number of batteries To find out the relationship between .......................................and brightness of the bulbs .........................................................................................................
67. 67. grain of sugar 9.00 am 9.05 am 9.10 amSome grain of sugar is left near the ant trail in the classroom at 9.00The number of ant is recorded as abovea. What is the aim of the investigation? To find out the relationship between the number of ant and the time. b. State the information gathered in the investigation Time Number of ant c. What is the relationship the information given in (b) As the time increase the number of ant also increase d. Predict the number of ant coming at 9.15 am 9
68. 68. Number of tigers 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 YearsThe graph above shows the number of tigers in the junglea. State two information gathered in the investigation? Years of investigation Number of tigersb. State the relationship between the two information given in (a) As the year increase the number of tiger decrease
69. 69. What is the trend of change in the number of tiger from 2000 to 2005? Decreasingc. State your inference (reason) for answer in ( c ) The forest has been cut down // Illegal hunting // Not enough food