223 Romeo & Juliet, Act I
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223 Romeo & Juliet, Act I

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Act I, The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet

Act I, The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet

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    223 Romeo & Juliet, Act I 223 Romeo & Juliet, Act I Presentation Transcript

    • The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet William Shakespeare 1564-1616
    • PROLOGUE
      • Verona, Italy
      • Montagues & Capulets:
        • Generations of hate
        • Kids fall in love
        • Secret marriage
        • Suicide*
        • Families overcome the hate at tragic cost
          • * (Foreshadows the deaths of Romeo & Juliet)
    • Act I
      • Purpose
        • Exposition of the play
          • Characters
          • Setting
          • Conflict
    • Act I, scene 1
      • Old hatreds are rekindled between:
        • The servants of Capulets & Montagues
        • Tybalt and Benvolio
        • The Capulets & Montagues
      • Prince of Verona decrees:
        • “If ever you disturb our streets again, your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace” (I.1.94-95).
    • Act I, scene 1
      • Romeo Montague is heart-sick because he’s been rejected by Rosaline.
      • He asks his friend Benvolio, “ …teach me how I should forget to think!” (I.1. 224)
      • Benvolio encourages, “By giving liberty unto thine eyes. Examine other beauties” (I.1.225-226).
    • Shakespeare’s Purpose
      • Introduce the age-old feud between the Montagues & Capulets
      • Introduce Romeo as a romantic, moody teen who is sulking because of a breakup
    • Act 1, scene 2
      • Paris, a young count, related to the Prince, asks Lord Capulet permission to marry his daughter Juliet.
      • Capulet asks Paris to wait until Juliet is a bit older than her present age – almost 14.
      • He then invites Paris to a party at his home to woo Juliet.
    • Act 1, scene 2
      • Capulet asks his illiterate servant to deliver invitations to the party.
      • The servant happens upon Romeo and his pals, and asks them for assistance in reading the invitations.
      • Romeo sees Rosaline’s name on an invitation and decides to attend.
    • Act 1, scene 2
      • Problem: The Capulets and Montagues are bitter foes.
      • Benvolio promises that he’ll assist Romeo in comparing Rosaline to other more beautiful women, and “. . .make thee think thy swan a crow” (I.2.89).
      • Romeo pouts that he’ll attend but have no fun .
    • Shakespeare’s Purpose
      • Plot device:
        • Used to shape the love triangle, bringing Romeo, Juliet and Paris together
        • Used to bring Romeo into enemy territory – a Montague in the Capulet home
    • Act I, scene 3
      • Lady Capulet asks her daughter, Juliet, to “check out” Paris as a potential husband.
      • Juliet obediently complies, but lets her mother know that marriage is not something she’s been thinking about.
    • Act I, scene 3
      • We meet Juliet’s nanny, the nurse, who is especially protective of her.
      • We also find out that Juliet’s 14 th birthday is approaching – Lammas Eve.
    • Shakespeare’s Purpose
      • The audience knows that Juliet is aware of Paris’ intent to marry her.
      • The audience also knows that there may be a brawl at the party because Romeo and his friends are infiltrating enemy territory.
    • Act I, scene 4
      • Romeo, Benvolio, & Mercutio are about to crash the Capulet party.
      • Romeo vows he won’t have any fun because he’s depressed about Rosaline’s rejection:
      • “ I am too sore enpierced with his [Cupid’s] shaft to soar with his light feathers. . .under love’s heavy burden do I sink” (I.4.19-22).
    • Act I, scene 4
      • A discussion ensues about love.
      • Romeo’s interpretation of love:
        • Emotional & Spiritual
      • Mercutio’s interpretation of love:
        • Physical & Bawdy
    • Act I, scene 4
      • Romeo begins to tell his pals about an ominous dream he had.
      • Mercutio mocks him.
      • Romeo rebukes him, and then tells about his dream, which makes him reluctant to go to the party.
    • Act I, scene 4
      • “ my mind misgives some consequence yet hanging in the stars shall bitterly begin his fearful date with the night’s revels and expire the term of a despised life, closed in my breast, by some vile forfeit of untimely death” (I.4.106-111).
    • Act I, scene 4
      • In other words,
        • Romeo feels Fate has predetermined that some event tonight will cost him his life.
    • Shakespeare’s Purpose
      • Foreshadow Romeo’s death
    • Act I, scene 5
      • Lord Capulet begins the party, inviting all to dance.
      • Romeo spies Juliet, and immediately falls heavily in love with her, instantly forgetting about Rosaline:
    • Act I, scene 5
      • “ O, she doth teaches the torches to burn bright! It seems she hangs upon the cheek of night as a rich jewel in an Ethiop’s ear –Beauty too rich for use, for earth too dear!” (I.5.45-48).
    • Act I, scene 5
      • Tybalt, Lady Capulet’s nephew, spies Romeo, recognizes him as a Montague, and prepares to kill him.
      • Lord Capulet orders Tybalt to “endure” Romeo’s presence, remembering the Prince’s decree.
      • Tybalt obeys begrudgingly, but will seek revenge at another time:
    • Act I, scene 5
      • Tybalt remarks after Lord Capulet has exited:
        • “ I will withdraw; but this intrusion shall, now seeming sweet, convert to bitt’rest gall*” (I.5.92-93)
    • Act I, scene 5
      • The Infatuation
      • The Kiss
      • The Enemy
    • Act I, scene 5
      • Romeo and Juliet’s attraction is immediately electric – love at first sight!
      • Yet, when they kiss they do not know each other’s identity.
      • Juliet’s nurse breaks the news to each.
    • Act I, scene 5
      • Romeo’s reaction:
        • “Is she a Capulet? O dear account! My life is my foe’s debt” (I.5.118-119).
      • Juliet’s response:
        • “My only love, sprung from my only hate!... Prodigious of love it is to me that I must love a loathed enemy” (I.5.140-143).
    • Shakespeare’s Purpose
      • Foreshadow the death of Mecutio at the hands of Tybalt
      • Introduce the conflict that sets the plot in motion.
        • Ironically Romeo & Juliet, whose families are embroiled in a bitter family feud, fall madly in love.