Using and Citing Sources
Effectively
Extensive guide to in-text citations and
references
MCAST 2013 – 2014
Ms N. Pisani
Definitions
Citation
Reference
Reference List
Bibliography
Discuss these
definitions with a
partner
Ms N Pisani
Answer Key:

Ms N Pisani
Citing vs. Referencing. What‟s
the difference?
(a) (Bird, 2001)

(b) Bird, J. (2001). Engineering science
(3rd ed.). Cambr...
Citing vs. Referencing.
What’s the difference?
Citing
When you refer to
another author's work in
your work you must cite
y...
I need a
citation

You are…

• Quoting directly from another source
• Using “common knowledge” shared information in your ...
I need a
citation

You are…
• Quoting directly from another source
• Using “common knowledge” shared information in your f...
What is „Common Knowledge‟
The same information un-cited in at least five
other sources
Information that your readers will...
Citing Photos

.
This should
be in italics
Figure 1: Wind Turbines

Figure 2: Linux-powered Robot

(Evwind.com)

(vps.net)...
Examples:Publishing
Books
Surname and Year
Name (in initials)

Name
of book

Kotkin, S. (1991). Steeltown USSR.
Berkeley: ...
Put this reference in the
correct order (APA)
All about engineering.
Moller,
(2001).
R.
Cambridge:
Cambridge University Pr...
Answer Key:
Moller, R. (2001). All about engineering.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ms N Pisani
References: Answer Key
1. Agrawal, B. K. (1989). Introduction to
engineering materials. New Delhi: Tata
McGrawHill.
2. Bol...
Over to you…

Ms N Pisani
Answer Key: Sample Reference List
Bezzina, J. (2005). Methodology (2nd ed.). Gozo: A+M Printing.
Ibbotson, M. (2008). Camb...
Common Questions
How do I cite a work with no author and
no date?
Use the first few words from the title, then
the abbrev...
Citing from Websites

Ms N Pisani
Author Last Name, Author First
Name (Initial). (Year, Month & Date
Published). Article title. Website title.
Retrieved Mon...
Author Last Name, Author First Name (Initial).
(Year, Month & Date Published). Article
title. Website title. Retrieved Mon...
Citing „How power drills work‟
Author

http://home.howstuffworks.com/power-drills.html

Ms N Pisani
Publishing
year of article
(we have the
complete
citation here)

Ms N Pisani
Pumphrey, C. (2010, February 22). How
power drills work. HowStuffWorks.com.
Retrieved January 25, 2014, from
< http://home...
http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/1590609851/lil-mule-professional-time-lapse-and-videocamera

Ms N Pisani
CITATION
Herndon, W. (2013, February 1). Lil-mule
professional time lapse and video camera dolly.
Kickstarter.com.
Retriev...
Title of article ->
Carbon fibre 3D printer is
‘world’s first’

Publishing date
of article ->
29 January 2014

Author:
Lau...
Hopperton, L. (2014, January 29). Carbon
fibre 3D printer is „world‟s first‟.
Engineering Materials.com. Retrieved
January...
Date:
12 December 2013

Author:
Engineering
Materials
Ms N Pisani
Engineering Materials. (2013, December
12). The challenges of getting greener
materials into industry. Engineering
Materia...
Ms N Pisani
Ms N Pisani
CITATION
Manfrotto. (2005). Manfrotto. Retrieved
November 20, 2013, from:
<http://www.manfrotto.com/>

Ms N Pisani
Engineering Materials
http://www.materialsforengineering.co.u
k/

Ms N Pisani
Example References
Andrews, D. A., & Bonta, J. (2003). The psychology of criminal conduct (3rd
ed.). Cincinnati, OH: Ander...
Sources
Purdue University Online Writing Lab website,
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_plagiar.html
“Grad...
Contact Me
If you have any questions regarding
referencing or citations, feel free to
email me on:
nikita.becky.pisani@mca...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Citations and references nikita pisani - tp

465 views
261 views

Published on

Citations and References adhering to APA style guidelines

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
465
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
14
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Citations and references nikita pisani - tp

  1. 1. Using and Citing Sources Effectively Extensive guide to in-text citations and references MCAST 2013 – 2014 Ms N. Pisani
  2. 2. Definitions Citation Reference Reference List Bibliography Discuss these definitions with a partner Ms N Pisani
  3. 3. Answer Key: Ms N Pisani
  4. 4. Citing vs. Referencing. What‟s the difference? (a) (Bird, 2001) (b) Bird, J. (2001). Engineering science (3rd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ms N Pisani
  5. 5. Citing vs. Referencing. What’s the difference? Citing When you refer to another author's work in your work you must cite your source by providing the last name of the author and the year of publication. (Bird, 2001) Referencing At the end of your work, under the heading References, write a full description of each source you have cited, listing them in alphabetical order by the first author's last name. Ms N Pisani
  6. 6. I need a citation You are… • Quoting directly from another source • Using “common knowledge” shared information in your field of study • Reprinting diagrams, illustrations, charts, pictures, videos, music • Writing up your own experimental results • Mentioning a fact that is commonly known • Using an image from a website • Paraphrasing a text • Including some statistics that your lecturer has given you in a lecture Ms N Pisani I DON’T need a citation
  7. 7. I need a citation You are… • Quoting directly from another source • Using “common knowledge” shared information in your field of study • Reprinting diagrams, illustrations, charts, pictures, videos, music • Writing up your own experimental results • Mentioning a fact that is commonly known • Using an image from a website • Paraphrasing a text • Including some statistics that your lecturer has given you in a lecture Ms N Pisani I DON’T need a citation
  8. 8. What is „Common Knowledge‟ The same information un-cited in at least five other sources Information that your readers will already know Information a person could easily find with general reference sources (encyclopedia) General information NOT quoted directly Ms N Pisani Source: http://www.english.vt.edu/~IDLE/plagiarism/plagiarism2.html
  9. 9. Citing Photos . This should be in italics Figure 1: Wind Turbines Figure 2: Linux-powered Robot (Evwind.com) (vps.net) Always label your diagrams or sketches accordingly! Ms N Pisani
  10. 10. Examples:Publishing Books Surname and Year Name (in initials) Name of book Kotkin, S. (1991). Steeltown USSR. Berkeley: University of California Press. City Worldwatch Institute. (2001). State of the world (2nd ed.). New York: W.W. For books in a later Norton. edition, insert here. Publishing Press Ms N Pisani
  11. 11. Put this reference in the correct order (APA) All about engineering. Moller, (2001). R. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ms N Pisani
  12. 12. Answer Key: Moller, R. (2001). All about engineering. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ms N Pisani
  13. 13. References: Answer Key 1. Agrawal, B. K. (1989). Introduction to engineering materials. New Delhi: Tata McGrawHill. 2. Bolton, W. (2003). Mechatronics: Electronic control systems in mechanical and electrical engineering (3rd ed.). Harlow: Prentice Hall. 3. Beltz, W. (1994). Handbook of mechanical engineering. London: Springer-Verlag. Ms N Pisani
  14. 14. Over to you… Ms N Pisani
  15. 15. Answer Key: Sample Reference List Bezzina, J. (2005). Methodology (2nd ed.). Gozo: A+M Printing. Ibbotson, M. (2008). Cambridge English for engineering. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ibbotson, M. (2009). Professional English in use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. John, L. C. (2006). Writing excellence. Canada: Thomson-Delmar Learning. Nayler, G. H. F. (1996). Dictionary for mechanical engineering (4th ed.). Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. Silyn-Roberts, H. (2000). Writing for science and engineering: Papers, presentations and reports. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. Swales, J. M. & Feak, C. B. (2013). Academic writing for graduate students: Essential tasks and skills (2nd ed.). USA: Michigan Press. Swetnam, D. (2004). Writing your dissertation (3rd ed.). UK: Cromwell Press Ltd. Young, T. M. (2005). Technical writing A-Z: A commonsense guide to engineering reports and theses. British English ed. New York: ASME.
  16. 16. Common Questions How do I cite a work with no author and no date? Use the first few words from the title, then the abbreviation n.d. (for ‘no date’). Do I include personal communications (like emails,private interviews, etc.)? Only in the citation not the reference list. Ms N Pisani
  17. 17. Citing from Websites Ms N Pisani
  18. 18. Author Last Name, Author First Name (Initial). (Year, Month & Date Published). Article title. Website title. Retrieved Month, Date, Year, from <URL> Ms N Pisani
  19. 19. Author Last Name, Author First Name (Initial). (Year, Month & Date Published). Article title. Website title. Retrieved Month & Date, Year, from <URL> Ms N Pisani
  20. 20. Citing „How power drills work‟ Author http://home.howstuffworks.com/power-drills.html Ms N Pisani
  21. 21. Publishing year of article (we have the complete citation here) Ms N Pisani
  22. 22. Pumphrey, C. (2010, February 22). How power drills work. HowStuffWorks.com. Retrieved January 25, 2014, from < http://home.howstuffworks.com/powerdrills.htm> Ms N Pisani
  23. 23. http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/1590609851/lil-mule-professional-time-lapse-and-videocamera Ms N Pisani
  24. 24. CITATION Herndon, W. (2013, February 1). Lil-mule professional time lapse and video camera dolly. Kickstarter.com. Retrieved January 7, 2014, from: <http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/15906098 51/lil-mule-professional-time-lapse-and-videocamera> Ms N Pisani
  25. 25. Title of article -> Carbon fibre 3D printer is ‘world’s first’ Publishing date of article -> 29 January 2014 Author: Laura Hopperton Ms N Pisani
  26. 26. Hopperton, L. (2014, January 29). Carbon fibre 3D printer is „world‟s first‟. Engineering Materials.com. Retrieved January 29, 2014, from <http://www.materialsforengineering.co.uk /engineering-materials-news/carbon-fibre3d-printer-is-worlds-first/59170/> Ms N Pisani
  27. 27. Date: 12 December 2013 Author: Engineering Materials Ms N Pisani
  28. 28. Engineering Materials. (2013, December 12). The challenges of getting greener materials into industry. Engineering Materials.com. Retrieved January 29, 2014, from <http://www.materialsforengineering.co.uk/engi neering-materials-features/the-challenges-ofgetting-greener-materials-intoindustrys/58363/> Ms N Pisani
  29. 29. Ms N Pisani
  30. 30. Ms N Pisani
  31. 31. CITATION Manfrotto. (2005). Manfrotto. Retrieved November 20, 2013, from: <http://www.manfrotto.com/> Ms N Pisani
  32. 32. Engineering Materials http://www.materialsforengineering.co.u k/ Ms N Pisani
  33. 33. Example References Andrews, D. A., & Bonta, J. (2003). The psychology of criminal conduct (3rd ed.). Cincinnati, OH: Anderson Publishing. Blackburn, R. (1993). The psychology of criminal conduct: Theory, research and practice. Chichester: Wiley. Bonta, J., Law, M., & Hanson, K. (1998). The prediction of criminal and violent recidivism among mentally disordered offenders: A metaanalysis.Psychological Bulletin, 123, 123-142. Polaschek, D. L. L., & Reynolds, N. (2004). Assessment and treatment: Violent offenders. In C. R. Hollin (Ed.), The essential handbook of offender assessment and treatment (pp. 201-218). Chichester: Wiley. Webster, C. D., & Bailes, G. (2004). Assessing violence risk. In C. R. Hollin (Ed.), The essential handbook of offender assessment and treatment (pp. 113). Chichester: Wiley. Ms N Pisani
  34. 34. Sources Purdue University Online Writing Lab website, http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_plagiar.html “Graduate Honor System,” Graduate Honor System website, Virginia Tech, http://ghs.grads.vt.edu/student/avoiding.html James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, “Style Guide,” Nonproliferation Review, http://www.cns.miis.edu/pubs/npr/pdfs/guidelines.pdf Bunn, Matthew and Anthony Wier, “Controlling Nuclear Warheads and Materials: A Report Card and Action Plan” (Washington, D.C.: Nuclear Threat Initiative and the Project on Managing the Atom, Harvard University, March 2003) pp. 8-12. Shelly G. Roseman, Library Liaison to History, Political Science, Education, English (Stamford Campus) website, University of Connecticut, http://www.lib.uconn.edu/~sroseman/SRliaison.html Ms N Pisani
  35. 35. Contact Me If you have any questions regarding referencing or citations, feel free to email me on: nikita.becky.pisani@mcast.edu.mt Ms N Pisani

×