Jewelry,Cagas, Bermarin (LQR1)


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Jewelry,Cagas, Bermarin (LQR1)

  1. 1. JEWELRY <ul><li>Jewelry, personal adornments worn for ornaments or utility, to show rank or </li></ul><ul><li>wealth, or to follow superstitious custom or fashion. </li></ul><ul><li>The most universal forms of jewelry are the necklace, bracelet, ring, pin, and </li></ul><ul><li>earring. It is used antedates clothing, and it has been made f a variety of </li></ul><ul><li>materials including berries, nuts, seeds, perforated stones, feathers, hair, teeth, </li></ul><ul><li>bone, shells, ivory, and metals. Although bronze and silver have been used by </li></ul><ul><li>primitive peoples and in modern hand wrought jewelry, gold has usually been </li></ul><ul><li>the preferred metal. Jewelry has been decorated by engraving, embossing, </li></ul><ul><li>etching, and filigree, and by application of enamel, mosaic, gems, semiprecious </li></ul><ul><li>stones, and glass </li></ul>
  2. 2. FORM AND FUNCTION <ul><li>Jewellery has been used for a number of reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>Currency , wealth display and storage, </li></ul><ul><li>Functional use (such as clasps, pins and buckles) </li></ul><ul><li>Symbolism (to show membership or status) </li></ul><ul><li>Protection (in the form of amulets and magical wards), [ </li></ul><ul><li>Artistic display </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>In creating jewelry, gemstones , coins , or other precious items are often used, and they are typically set into precious metals. </li></ul><ul><li>Other commonly used materials include glass , such as fused-glass or enamel ; wood , often carved or turned; shells and other natural animal substances such as bone and ivory ; natural clay ; polymer clay ; and even plastics . </li></ul><ul><li>The British crown jewels contain the Cullinan Diamond , part of the largest gem-quality rough diamond ever found (1905), at 3,106.75 carats (621.35 g). </li></ul><ul><li>Now popular in engagement rings , this usage dates back to the marriage of Maximilian I to Mary of Burgundy in 1477. </li></ul><ul><li>Many precious and semiprecious stones are used for jewelry. Among them are: </li></ul><ul><li>Amber - an ancient organic gemstone, is composed of tree resin that has hardened over time. </li></ul><ul><li>Amethyst - Amethyst has historically been the most prized gemstone in the quartz family. </li></ul><ul><li>Emeralds - are one of the three main precious gemstones (along with rubies and sapphires) and are known for their fine green to bluish green colour. </li></ul><ul><li>Rubies are known for their intense red colour, and are among the most highly valued precious gemstones. </li></ul><ul><li>The most popular form of sapphire is blue sapphire, which is known for its medium to deep blue colour and strong saturation. </li></ul><ul><li>Turquoise is found in only a few places on earth, and the world’s largest turquoise producing region is the southwest United States. </li></ul>USED MATERIALS
  5. 5. IMPACT ON SOCIETY <ul><li>Jewelry has been used to denote status. In ancient Rome, for instance, only certain ranks could wear rings; cultural dictates have also played a significant role; for example, the wearing of earrings by Western men was considered &quot;effeminate&quot; in the 19th and early 20th centuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Religion has also played a role: Islam, for instance, considers the wearing of gold by men as a social taboo, and many religions have edicts against excessive display. </li></ul><ul><li>In Christianity, the New Testament gives injunctions against the wearing of gold, in the writings of the apostles Paul and Peter. In Revelation 17, &quot;the great whore&quot; or false religious system, is depicted as being &quot;decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand.&quot; </li></ul>
  6. 6. HISTORY <ul><li>The history of jewelry is a long one, with many different uses among different cultures. It has endured for thousands of years and has provided various insights into how ancient cultures worked. </li></ul>
  7. 7. BODY MODIFICATION Jewelry used in body modification is usually plain; the use of simple silver studs, rings and earrings predominates. Common jewelry pieces such as earrings, are themselves a form of body modification, as they are accommodated by creating a small hole in the ear.
  8. 8. JEWELRY MARKET <ul><li>According to a recent KPMG study the largest jewelry market is the United States with a market share of 30.8%, Japan, India and China and the Middle East each with 8 - 9% and Italy with 5%. The authors of the study predict a dramatic change in market shares by 2015, where the market share of the United States will have dropped to around 25%, and China and India will increase theirs to over 13%. The Middle East will remain more or less constant at 9%, whereas Europe's and Japan's market share will be halved and become less than 4% for </li></ul>